Country of Origin
STOL utility transport
The Arava STOL utility transport was IAI's first design to enter production that was intended for both military and civil customers, but was built in only small numbers. IAI began design work on the Arava in 1966. Design objectives included STOL performance, the ability to operate from rough strips and carry 25 troops or bulky payloads. To achieve this the Arava design was of a fairly unusual configuration, featuring a barrel-like short but wide fuselage, the rear of which is hinged and swings open for easy loading and unloading, plus long span wings, twin tails mounted on booms that run from the engine nacelles and two Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A turboprops. The Arava first flew on November 27 1969, while a second prototype flew for the first time on May 8 1971. US FAA certification for the initial Arava 101 was granted in April 1972. The Arava 101 was not put into production, but formed the basis for the 101B, 102 and 201 production models. The 101B was marketed in the USA as the Cargo Commuterliner and differed from the 101 in having an improved 19 seat interior in passenger configuration and more powerful PT6A36s. The 102 had a 20 seat passenger interior, or alternatively a 12 passenger executive interior or all freight configuration. The 201 is primarily a military version, and has sold in the most numbers, with more than 70 built, mainly for air arms of developing nations. The final Arava development is the 202, which is easily recognised by its large Whitcomb winglets, boundary layer fences inboard of each wingtip and slightly stretched fuselage. The winglets and boundary layer fences were offered as a kit for retrofitting to existing Aravas. Arava production ceased in the late 1980s.
201 - Two 560kW (750shp) Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A34 turboprops driving three blade constant speed Hartzell propellers.
201 - Max speed 326km/h (176kt), max cruising speed 320km/h (172kt), economical cruising speed 310km/h (168kt). Initial rate of climb 1290ft/min. Service ceiling 25,000ft. Range with max payload and reserves 260km (140nm), max range with a 1585kg (3500lb) payload and reserves 1000km (540nm).
201 - Operating empty 4000kg (8816lb), max takeoff 6804kg (15,000lb).
201 - Wing span 20.96m (68ft 9in), length 13.03m (42ft 9in), height 5.21m (17ft 1in). Wing area 43.7m2 (470.2sq ft).
Flightcrew of two. Seating for 19 passengers four abreast in an airline configuration in 101B, 20 in 102 and 24 in 201. 201 can carry 2350kg (5184lb) of freight. 102 can carry up to 12 passengers in an executive configuration, other configurations offered include aerial ambulance, mapping and mineral exploration.
Total Arava production of more than 90 mainly for military customers.
The backbone of this section is from the The International Directory of Civil Aircraft by Gerard Frawley and used with permission. To get your own copy of the book click here.