Country of Origin
Short range airliner and utility transport
Like many western aircraft of loosely similar size and configuration, the Il-14 was developed as a replacement for the then irreplaceable Douglas DC-3 and Russian Li-2. As with so many other countries around the world the Soviet Union's immediate postwar airline system was heavily dependant on war surplus DC-3/C-47s as well as the Lisunov Li-2 (Soviet licence built development of the DC-3). In the late 1940s/early 1950s Aeroflot developed a requirement for a modern replacement of the Li-2 and the DC-3. Ilyushin responded with a low wing tricycle undercarriage design powered by two Shvetsov radials with maximum seating for 27. This aircraft was designated the Il-12. The Il-14 is an improved development of the basic Il-12 design. The major improvement Ilyushin introduced was a new wing design featuring a more efficient aerofoil section, plus more powerful Shvetsov engines and a general clean up of the airframe. Given the NATO reporting name "Crate", the Il-14 is believed to have entered service in 1954 or 1955. Initial service models were designated Il-14P (Passazhirskii or passenger) and they were reconfigured to seat 18. Approximately two years after entry into service most Il-14Ps were configured to seat 24 passengers in a higher density configuration. By 1956 a slightly stretched development, the Il-14M (Modifitsirovanny/modified), had appeared. Initially the Il-14M was configured to seat 24, but this was later changed to 36. Very few modifications were made to the Il-14 during its production run, although many freighter Il-14Ts (Transportny/transport) were built, while many airliner Il-14s were later converted to freighters. While most Il-14s were built in Russia, at Khodinka and Tashkent, Il-14s were also built under licence in the former Eastern Germany by VEB Flugzeugwerke and the former Czechoslovakia by Avia, 80 VEB Il-14Ps and 203 Avia 14s were built. Today few Il-14s remain in service, most are used for general freight and charter work.
Il-14M - Two 1415kW (1900hp) Shvetsov ASh-82T 14 cylinder radial piston engines driving four blade constant speed propellers.
Il-14M - Max cruising speed 350km/h (190kt), economical cruising speed 320km/h (173kt). Service ceiling 24,280ft. Range with max payload and reserves 400km (215nm), with max fuel and reserves 1750km (945nm).
Il-14M - Empty equipped 12,600kg (27,780lb), max takeoff 17,500kg (38,580lb).
Il-14M - Wing span 31.70m (104ft 0in), length 22.31m (73ft 2in), height 7.80m (25ft 7in). Wing area 100.0m2 (1076.4sq ft).
Standard passenger seating in Il-14P for 18 or 24, and 24 or up to 36 in Il-14M. Il-14G and Il-14T are freighters.
Production of the Il-14 is estimated at 1276 units, including 80 built by VEB in the former East Germany and 203 by Avia in the former Czechoslovakia. Very small numbers remain in service.
The backbone of this section is from the The International Directory of Civil Aircraft by Gerard Frawley and used with permission. To get your own copy of the book click here.