The Falcon 2000 is the latest member of the Falcon business jet line, and is a transcontinental range, slightly smaller development of the Falcon 900 trijet
The Falcon 2000 shares the 900's wing and forward fuselage, but there are a number of design changes. From the start the Falcon 2000 was designed with a range of 5560km (3000nm) in mind, which is less than the transcontinental 900's range. This design range removed the need for the redundancy of three engines for long range overwater flights, allowing the two new CFE738 engines to be fitted, which offer considerable maintenance and operating economics benefits. The CFE738 engine was developed specifically for the Falcon 2000 by a partnership of General Electric and AlliedSignal, known as CFE. Meanwhile, the 2000's fuselage is 1.98m (6ft 6in) shorter than the 900's and so houses less fuel, passengers and baggage.
Another noticeable design change between the 900 and 2000 is the area ruled rear fuselage. Dassault engineers found that the three engine layout of the 900 to be aerodynamically efficient, whereas the twin engine design of the 2000 originally would have been comparatively draggy. To combat this and reduce drag to desired levels Dassault designed an area ruled (or Coke bottle) rear fuselage, using its Catia three dimensional computer aided design program.
Changes to the wing include a modified leading edge and the inboard slats have been removed, while the cockpit features a Collins four screen EFIS avionics system with optional Flight Dynamics head-up displays (allowing hand flown approaches in Cat II and Cat IIIa conditions).
Dassault has a number of industry partners in the Falcon 2000 program, foremost of these being Alenia, which is a 25% risk sharing partner. Alenia in turn has subcontracted some work to Dee Howard and Piaggio.
Dassault announced it was developing the Falcon 2000, then known as the Falcon X, in June 1989. First flight occurred on March 4 1993 and certification was awarded in November 1994. The first customer delivery occurred in March 1995.
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