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The Embraer EMB120 Brasilia

Country of origin  
Brazil

Photos  

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Photo © Steve Tobey

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Photo © Antonio Saraiva
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Photo © Iskander Hannivoort
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Powerplants  
Two 1340kW (1800shp) Pratt & Whitney Canada PW118 or PW118A turboprops driving four blade Hamilton Standard propellers.

Performance  
EMB120 - Max cruising speed 555km/h (300kt) with PW118s, or 574km/h (310kt) with PW118As, long range cruising speed 482km/h (260kt). Initial rate of climb 2120ft/min. Service ceiling 30,000ft with PW118s, or 32,000ft with PW118As. Range with max passengers and reserves 1020km (550nm) with PW118s, or 926km (500nm) with PW118As. EMB120ER - Max cruising speed 555km/h (300kt) with PW118s, or 580km/h (313kt) with PW118As, long range cruising speed 500km/h (270kt). Initial rate of climb 2500ft/min. Service ceiling 29,000ft with PW118s, or 32,000ft with PW118As. Range with max pax and reserves 1556km (840nm) with PW118s, or 1500km (810nm) with PW118As.

Weights  
EMB120 - Empty equipped 7100kg (15,655lb), max takeoff 11,500kg (25,353lb). EMB120ER - Empty equipped 7140kg (15,741lb), max takeoff 11,990kg (26,433lb).

Dimensions  
EMB120 - Wing span 19.78m (64ft 11in), length 20.00m (65ft 8in), height 6.35m (20ft 10in). Wing area 39.4m2 (424.42sq ft). EMB120ER - Same except for length 20.07m (65ft 10in).

Capacity  
Flightcrew of two. Standard main cabin seating for 30 at three abreast and 79cm (31in) pitch. Optional passenger seating for 24 or 26 with greater baggage/cargo space. Alternative interior arrangements for executive and cargo roles.

Production  
Approximately 350 ordered by late 1998, including a small number of military orders, of which approximately 330 had been delivered.

Type  
30 seat turboprop regional airliner

History  

The Brasilia has proved to be a popular, relatively high speed yet comparatively inexpensive to operate and purchase regional airliner.

Embraer first began design work on a new regional turboprop airliner in the late 1970s when the company studied stretching its EMB121 Xingu corporate turboprop to a 25 seat regional airliner. While this was the first aircraft to bear the EMB120 designation (it was named the Araguia), the production EMB120 is an all new aircraft. Design studies of the definitive EMB120 began in September 1979, first flight of a PW115 powered prototype took place on July 27 1983, and entry into service was in October 1985.

Versions of the EMB120 include: the initial production EMB120; the Reduced Takeoff weight EMB120RT; the Extended Range EMB120ER; the EMB120 Cargo freighter; mixed passenger/freight EMB120 Combi; and EMB120 Convertible. Hot and high versions of these models have PW118A engines, which retain their power ratings to a higher altitude.

The current production model is the EMB120ER Advanced, which incorporates a range of external and interior improvements. The fuselage of the EMB120 also forms the basis for the ERJ145 50 seat regional jet.

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The backbone of this section is from the The International Directory of Civil Aircraft by Gerard Frawley and used with permission. To get your own copy of the book click here.