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The Dornier 328

Country of origin  
Germany

Photos  

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Photo © Malcolm Clarke

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Photo © Chris Waser
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Powerplants  
Two 1625kW (2180shp) takeoff rated Pratt & Whitney Canada PW119B turboprops driving six blade Hartzell propellers.

Performance  
328-110 - Max cruising speed 620km/h (335kt). Design cruising altitude 25,000ft or optionally 31,000ft. Range with 30 passengers and reserves at max cruising speed and 25,000ft cruising altitude 1665km (900nm), at 31,000ft 1850km (1000nm).

Weights  
328-110 - Operating empty 8920kg (19,665lb), max takeoff 13,990kg (30,842lb).

Dimensions  
Wing span 20.98m (68ft 10in), length 21.22m (69ft 8in), height 7.24m (23ft 9in). Wing area 40.0m2 (430.6sq ft).

Capacity  
Flightcrew of two. Typical passenger seating for 30 to 33 at three abreast, max seating for 39 at four abreast.

Production  
Total 328 production of 112, incl 105 production aircraft. 95 in service in late 2002.

Type  
30 seat regional turboprop airliner

History  

The 30 seat Dornier 328 is a modern regional turboprop airliner that offers high cruising speeds and advanced systems.

Development of the 328 traces back to Dornier's mid 1980s market research that indicated there existed a substantial market for regional airliners in the 30 seat class through to 2005. Firm 328 development work began in December 1988, culminating in the first development aircraft's first flight on December 6 1991.

The 328 was awarded certification in October 1993. First customer deliveries also occurred in October 1993.

The 328 design incorporates an all new fuselage section for three abreast seating (offering more width per passenger than the 727/737) combined with the same basic supercritical wing of the earlier Dornier 228. Clean aerodynamics give the 328 excellent high speed cruise and climb performance. Composite materials are used in a number of areas (particularly the tail) to reduce weight and the blades on the Hartzell props are composite. The flightdeck features a five screen Honeywell Primus 2000 EFIS avionics system, while with heads-up displays the 328 can be qualified for Cat IIIa landings.

Industrial partners on the 328 include Daewoo Heavy Industries (fuselage), Aermacchi (nose), Westland (nacelles) and Israel Aircraft Industries (wing), accounting for 40% of the aircraft's construction.

Variants of the 328 are the initial production standard 328-100, the standard 328-110 with a larger dorsal fin, heavier weights and greater range, the 328-120 with PW119C engines and improved short field performance and the 328-130 with progressive rudder authority reduction with increasing airspeed.

At various times Dornier studied 50 seat stretches of the 328, but all were abandoned. Dornier also studied building a 328 demonstrator powered by hydrogen. The liquid hydrogen fuel would have been stored in two external tanks under the wings and outboard of the engines.

The last 328 was delivered to Air Alps Aviation in Austria in October 1999. The 328JET regional jet development is described separately.

Fairchild Aerospace acquired 80% of Dornier in early June 1996 to form Fairchild Dornier GmbH, but production of the 328 had stopped already before the Fairchild Dornier name became effective August 8, 2000.

Copyright Airliners.net, some information Copyright Aerospace Publications

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The backbone of this section is from the The International Directory of Civil Aircraft by Gerard Frawley and used with permission. To get your own copy of the book click here.