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The Socata TB-9/10/20/21/200 Tampico/Tobago/Trinidad

Country of origin  
France

Photos  

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Photo © Peter Vercruijsse

More photos of Socata TB-9/10/20/21/200 Tampico/Tobago/Trinidad

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Photo © Daniel Schnyder
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Powerplants  
TB-9C Tampico Club - One 120kW (160hp) Textron Lycoming O-320-D2A flat four piston engine driving a two blade fixed pitch Sensenich propeller.
TB-20 Trinidad - One 185kW (250hp) Textron Lycoming IO-540-C4D5D fuel injected flat six piston engine driving a two blade constant speed Hartzell prop.

Performance  
TB-9 - Max speed 226km/h (122kt), max cruising speed 198km/h (107kt), economical cruising speed 194km/h (105kt). Initial rate of climb 750ft/min. Max certificated altitude 11,000ft. Max range 1030km (555nm).
TB-20 - Max speed 310km/h (167kt), max cruising speed 301km/h (163kt), economical cruising speed 291km/h (157kt). Initial rate of climb 1260ft/min. Service ceiling 20,000ft. Range with max fuel and reserves at 75% power 1640km (885nm), at 65% power 1785km (964nm), max range 2052km (1108nm).

Weights  
TB-9 - Empty 647kg (1426lb), max takeoff 1060kg (2335lb).
TB-20 - Empty 800kg (1763lb), max takeoff 1400kg (3086lb).

Dimensions  
TB-9 & TB-20 - Wing span 9.76m (32ft 0in), length 7.70m (25ft 3in), height 3.02m (9ft 11in). Wing area 11.9m2 (128.1sq ft).

Capacity  
Typical seating for four or five, with pilot and passenger on front bucket seats and two or three passengers on rear bench seat.

Production  
Over 1900 built including over 470 Tampicos/Tampico Clubs, over 725 Tobagos and 680 Trinidads and Trinidad TCs.

Type  
Four/five seat light aircraft

History  

Socata's popular "Caribbean" TB series of light singles spans from the basic fixed gear Tampico Club to the turbocharged 315km/h (170kt) cruise Trinidad TC.

Design work on the TB singles began in the mid 1970s, in part as a replacement for Socata's successful Rallye family. The first prototype, a TB-10 but powered by a 120kW (160hp) Lycoming O-320, flew for the first time on February 23 1977. Production began in 1979.

Three distinct versions of the TB series have been built. The TB-9 Tampico is marketed as a trainer and is powered by a four cylinder 120kW (160hp) Lycoming O-320. Until the late 1980s it was available with a fixed pitch propeller as the Tampico FP, or with a constant speed prop as the Tampico CS. Both the Tampico FP and CS had a more up market interior than the current TB-9 Tampico Club which has a two blade fixed pitch Sensenich propeller. The Tampico Sprint meanwhile was launched in 1997 and introduced faired, trailing link undercarriage and a new prop, increasing cruising speed by 18km/h (10kt).

The TB-10 Tobago and TB-200 Tobago XL feature faired undercarriage, higher weights, a higher level of interior equipment, more powerful engines and constant speed props. The Tobago is powered by a 135kW (180hp) O-360, the TB-200 Tobago XL a 150kW (200hp) fuel injected IO-360.

The top of the range models are the retractable undercarriage TB-20 Trinidad and TB-21 Trinidad TC. The Trinidad is powered by a 185kW (250hp) IO-540, the Trinidad TC a similarly rated turbocharged TIO-540. The TB-20C has a port side freight door.

In early 2000 Socata switched production to the improved GT (Generation Two) series of all four models. The GTs feature the slightly enlarged cabin developed for the MR series, a curved dorsal fin fairing, upturned wingtips, larger baggage door, and other improvements.

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The backbone of this section is from the The International Directory of Civil Aircraft by Gerard Frawley and used with permission. To get your own copy of the book click here.