HAL From United States of America, joined Jan 2002, 2499 posts, RR: 53 Reply 1, posted (10 years 10 months 3 weeks 2 days 18 hours ago) and read 2606 times:
Every airport with airline service has a four letter identifier. For local use the three letter is more common - but when I enter origin and destination airports in the FMS in the 767, I have to enter the four letter ICAO designator.
The first (and sometimes first & second) letter designates the country and/or region the airport is in. For instance, all the airports in the mainland US start with "K". So Los Angeles (familiar to most as LAX) is KLAX, San Francisco is KSFO. Airports in the Pacific start with "PH". Honolulu (HNL) is PHNL, Maui (OGG) is PHOG. Airports in Alaska start with "PA". Anchorage is PANC, Fairbanks is PAFA. In your example is appears the code for Costa Rica is "MR".
You might be able to find more info on the ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization) web site. It's at http://www.icao.org
One smooth landing is skill. Two in a row is luck. Three in a row and someone is lying.
Turbulence From Spain, joined Nov 1999, 963 posts, RR: 22 Reply 3, posted (10 years 10 months 3 weeks 2 days 15 hours ago) and read 2604 times:
Actually I would not make the "difference" calling the three-letter codes "normal".
Both the 3- and 4-letter ones are normal.
The 3-ones are IATA, thus better known by travel agencies and on the "ground side" of the airports.
The 4-ones are ICAO, thus, better known by navigators (pilots) and on the "air-side" of the airports.
For the ICAO codes, they are grouped by areas, and in each area, by countries.
For example, all northenr european airports have "E", followed by B in Belgium, by E in Estonia, by G in UK, etc.
So, take for example London. While for IATA your agent can look up LON (the code for the city as a destination), the computer response will turn out LGW (Gatwick), LHR (Heatrhow), LTN (Lutton), STD (Stansted) or City Center (LCY)
If you choose to fly to Heathrow, your luggage is going to be tagged LHR, but your captain is going to fly to EGLL, while if you choose Gatwick, your luggage will be tagged LGW but the flight plan will be destination EGKK.
Following, alll southern european ones have "L", followed by F in France, by E in Spain, by G in Greece.
Australia has a "Y" for herself alone. For not makin' it too long, let's finish with the South American S, followed by A in Argentina, B for Brazil, G for paraguay etc.
Whenever you come to Barcelona, Europe, your ticket will write BCN, although the crew will ask meteorological infomation on LEBL, while if the Barcelona you fly to is in Venezuela you'll see about BLA but the flight plan about SVBC.
London (as a destination city): LON
London Gatwick: LGW-EGKK
London Stansted: STD-EGSS
London Heathrow: LHR-EGLL
London City Center: LCY-EGCY
City of Paris: PAR
Paris Charles de Gaulle: CDG-LFPG
Paris Orly: ORY-LFPO
City of São Paulo: SAO
São Pauol Congonhas: CGH-SBSP
São Paulo Guarulhos: GRU-SBGR
City of Rio de Janeiro: RIO
Rio de Janeiro Galeão: GIG-SBGL
Rio de janeiro Santos Dumond: SDU-SBRJ
Athens: ATH-LGAT (when the old Hellinikon Airport was operative)
LGAV (The new Eleftherios Venizelos at Spata)
Palma de Mallorca: PMI-LESJ
Eivissa (in spanish Ibiza): IBZ-LEIB
Jerez de la Frontera (in English "Sherry"): XRY-LEJR
It happens, though, that Canadian and continental USA airports are mostly coincident, adding a "C" for Canada and a "K" for USA, this way:
New York: NYC
New York Jonh Fitzgerald Kennedy: JFK-KJFK
New York Newark: EWR-KEWR
New York La Guardia: LGA-KLGA
Los Angeles: LAX-KLAX
etc., etc., etc.
Basically the main areas are:
A SW Pacific (+G Solomon; +N Nauru; etc.)
B Arctic Circle (+G Greenland; +I Iceland)
D West Africa (+A Algeria, +B Benin; +N Nigeria, etc)
E Northern Europe (+B Belgium, +H Netherlands, +K Denmark, etc.)
F, G and H Africa (as a note, Canary Islands are not LExx, but GCxx)
L Southern Europe (+E Spain, +C Cyrpus, +G Greece, +J Slovenia, etc)
M Central America (+D Dominican Republic, +K Jamaica, +Y Bahamas, etc)
N Southern Pacific (+C Cook Islands, +F Tonga, +F Fiji, etc)
O Middle East (+A Afghanistan, +J Jordan, etc)
P Northern Pacific (+H Hawaii, +A Alaska, etc)
R Pacific Asia (+C China, +J, +O Japan, +K Korea, etc)
S South America (+A Argentina, +B Brazil, +Chile, +K Colombia, etc)
T Caribbean (+N Netherlands Antilles, +R Montserrat, +J Puerto Rico, etc)
U Russian Federation including some former Sovietic republics
(+A Kazakhstan+Kyrzighistan; +B Azerbaitjan, +G Armenia+Georgia, +K Ukraine)
(UE, UH, UI, UL, UM, UN, UO, UR, US Russia)
V Continental Asia (including +H Hong Kong, +A; +E, +I, +O India, +D Cambodia)
W South Eastern Asia (+A, +I, +R Indonesia, +B Brunei, etc)
Hope I helped.
707cmf From France, joined Mar 2002, 4885 posts, RR: 31 Reply 4, posted (10 years 10 months 3 weeks 2 days 13 hours ago) and read 2561 times:
Every airport with airline service has a four letter identifier
That is not entirely true, as every single airfield will have the 4 letter ICAO code, while only commercial airports are bound to have a 3 letter IATA code.
For instance, in the small town of Chambery (France) where I live, we have 2 airfields. One of those has commercial service : Chambery/Aix les Bains - Voglans, then additionally to the ICAO code 'LFLB', it also have the IATA code 'CMF'
We have a second airfield, just a few miles away, used only by gliders and light aircrafts. No commercial service there, so no IATA code. Only LFLE (Chambery-Challes les Eaux).
Lt-AWACS From , joined Dec 1969, posts, RR: Reply 6, posted (10 years 10 months 3 weeks 2 days 10 hours ago) and read 2543 times:
THanks for the replies, though I know all about the ICAO codes, I have been flying as crew, pilot, and pax for many years, taht wasn't the question per se, but why these two list as four instead of 3 (minus the country code of Costa Rica), adding that would make it 5 letters instead of the normal 4. Make sense.
Turbulence I have a/c aid with a similar list to yours, but it doesn't explain what I am seeing with jsut these two listed as 4 with all the others as 3, our flight computers won't even take the imputs
Turbulence From Spain, joined Nov 1999, 963 posts, RR: 22 Reply 9, posted (10 years 10 months 3 weeks 1 day 16 hours ago) and read 2506 times:
OK, maybe (as usual) o wrote too much from the very beginning... Ah!! this "writorrhea" of mine!!!
What you say could possibly be, as you refer to nav-aids, that not everything appearing in that map were airports, but some radio aids, VORs and/or passing points...
As written, Barcelona has IATA code BCN, and ICAO code LEBL.
I know for sure that there's another reference to Barcelona for navigation purposes, thus NOT NECESSARILY for landing there, but for navigation too (airplanes crossing above Barcelona at cruising altitude, let's say, for example a flight Frankfurt-Madrid). In this case, such an airplane will never have Barcelona referred to as BCN neither LEBL.
Their clue above us or while in the area of Barcelona Radar will be QUV, which is the code referring to the VOR that geographically localizes Barcelona en route.
I know, then, that around Barcelona there are other aids (don't ask me if they are VORs or not). Some of them are TEBLA and TOLSO, that DO NOT correspond to any geographic name. This makes me think of 5-letter codes.
Some others are referred to geographic places, like, among others, Castejón (CJN), Maella (MLA), Villanueva and Sabadell, of which codes I'm not sure, used as reference while in approach procedures for landing at, or departing from, Barcelona.
Sabadell is also an airfield, whose ICAO code is LELL, obviously for departing and/or destination purposes to there, not for navigation aids.