PanAm747 From United States of America, joined Feb 2004, 4242 posts, RR: 10 Posted (8 years 9 months 2 weeks 6 days 21 hours ago) and read 2977 times:
Good morning to all!!
Which airline set up the first true "hub" system, and what airport was it at?
I know that many airlines had a 'presence' at certain airports (like Eastern and Delta at Atlanta, United in Chicago and Denver, American and Braniff in Texas, etc.) but I don't recall when the hub and spoke system developed.
I seem to remember as late as 1984 or 1985 a Republic Airlines timetable still had hopscotching flights with no true hub as I could recall (I know they did later). I remember finding that unusual, as at that point I thought all airlines had a hub system.
What ideas do y'all have?
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DesertJets From United States of America, joined Feb 2000, 7673 posts, RR: 18 Reply 6, posted (8 years 9 months 2 weeks 6 days 21 hours ago) and read 2902 times:
In the US true airline hubs as we know and love them today did not exist until after deregulation. What might be interesting to know is when the airlines themselves began to classify cities as hubs for both operational and more importantly, marketing purposes. Most of the modern hubs today exist where the legacy carriers had a strong historical presence from the CAB era.
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Bobnwa From United States of America, joined Dec 2000, 5975 posts, RR: 9 Reply 7, posted (8 years 9 months 2 weeks 6 days 20 hours ago) and read 2872 times:
Pan Am could not have had a hub at JFK since they had no domestic service to feed the International flights. Having many flights at an airport(Pan Am at JFK) does not make it a hub. Flights scheduled to cross feed each other does make a hub.
Grrtvc From United States of America, joined Sep 2003, 272 posts, RR: 1 Reply 8, posted (8 years 9 months 2 weeks 6 days 20 hours ago) and read 2871 times:
Wasn't Northwest Orient (or one its assumed airlines) the first to develop the hub and spoke system? I seem to have read something to that affect. I agree that the true hubs didn't start after deregulation.
PHLBOS From United States of America, joined Mar 2004, 7253 posts, RR: 25 Reply 10, posted (8 years 9 months 2 weeks 6 days 20 hours ago) and read 2852 times:
How about Northeast at BOS?
Okay, their hub may not have been as big as TWA at JFK, AA at DFW, nor DL (their eventual successor) at ATL; but their early claim was that they were the first in New England skies. The airline started as an offshoot of the Boston & Maine railroad sometime in the 1940s. At the time, BOS was NE's main focal point and the largest city it served (until LGA service was established sometime in the '50s).
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Swissgabe From Switzerland, joined Jan 2000, 5265 posts, RR: 37 Reply 11, posted (8 years 9 months 2 weeks 6 days 20 hours ago) and read 2850 times:
If you allow, I would like to mention, that there is also a slight possibility, that a non-US airline had a "hub" earlier.
I mean bascially we are only looking at an airport which was used as home base by an airline X and pax have been transitted from flight A to flight B. KLM was one of the first airlines world wide and that is, why my guess goes for AMS (Amsterdam).
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Elwood64151 From United States of America, joined Feb 2002, 2477 posts, RR: 7 Reply 13, posted (8 years 9 months 2 weeks 6 days 20 hours ago) and read 2830 times:
Regional carriers had hubs long before deregulation. Braniff had an organic hub at DAL, Ozark and Frontier at STL and DEN, respectively, and Delta had an organic hub in ATL while it was still one of the lesser, regionalized carriers which continued on into its growth over the years.
Probably the first US city to see major operations with connecting traffic by any carrier was Chicago with Boeing/United Air Transport and the Aero Corporation (now United Airlines and American Airlines) in the 1920s. Remember that aviation in the US didn't really grow significantly until the late 1920s and early 1930s.
I believe Paris and London were each major centers for commercial aviation during the late 1910s and early 1920s.
Those who fail to learn history are doomed to repeat it in summer school.
DIA From United States of America, joined Jan 2001, 3273 posts, RR: 30 Reply 14, posted (8 years 9 months 2 weeks 6 days 20 hours ago) and read 2814 times:
Pan Am could not have had a hub at JFK since they had no domestic service to feed the International flights. Having many flights at an airport(Pan Am at JFK) does not make it a hub. Flights scheduled to cross feed each other does make a hub."
I understand what you are trying to say. Let me trough this at you then: Cathay Pacific (before Dragonair) and Kai Tak Int'l. Was that not Cathay Pacific's "Hub"?
Ding! You are now free to keep supporting Frontier.
Ckfred From United States of America, joined Apr 2001, 4652 posts, RR: 1 Reply 15, posted (8 years 9 months 2 weeks 6 days 20 hours ago) and read 2800 times:
I always thought that DL's operation at ATL was the first hub. Even in the '70s, DL coordinated its schedule so that flights from smaller cities coordinated with departures for larger cities and vice versa.
DL's 6am departure out of Augusta for ATL was coordinated so a passenger could be anywhere east of the Rockies for a breakfast meeting and could make a lunch meeting on the West Coast.
Thomasphoto60 From United States of America, joined Jan 2000, 3723 posts, RR: 25 Reply 17, posted (8 years 9 months 2 weeks 6 days 18 hours ago) and read 2681 times:
I read somewhere many years back that the true hub and spoke ideal that we know today was an advent of AA back in the mid to late 70s just before deregulation followed very quickly bt their ORD rival UA. I believe that DL and EA soon followed suit with a systen in ATL.
Flaps From United States of America, joined Feb 2000, 1115 posts, RR: 4 Reply 19, posted (8 years 9 months 2 weeks 6 days 16 hours ago) and read 2570 times:
US (then AL) was hubbing at PIT in the 60's. They were also one of the first (if not the first) to develop a network of regional carriers. The Allegheny Communter network was up and running in the early 70's throughout Western PA, WV, eastern OH and MD. The regional fleet at that time consisted of B99's, Twin Otters, N262's, M298's (P&W powered N262), plus several other types. Some of the operators included, Henson, Crown, Suburban and Chatauqua.
DL at Atlanta and AL at PIT were the first two "true" hubs as we know them today but I cant say for sure which of those two was the actual true first. I've seen each of them referred to as the first by different sources. By hub I mean an airport carrying more connecting traffic than O&D. There were lots of connecting points prior to deregulation (ORD, JFK, LAX etc.) but their main function was not as a conecting point.
Isitsafenow From United States of America, joined Feb 2004, 4984 posts, RR: 26 Reply 21, posted (8 years 9 months 2 weeks 6 days 12 hours ago) and read 2460 times:
That's easy....in the early 80's, every flight Frontier(the original) had went thru Denver Stapleton. Every flight Ozark had at one time, went thru STL.
DL and a lot of flights thru ATL and UA had quite a few thru ORD,
but both of those carriers still maintained a solid point to point structure.
If two people agree on EVERYTHING, then one isn't necessary.
ElectraBob From United States of America, joined Sep 2003, 931 posts, RR: 4 Reply 22, posted (8 years 9 months 2 weeks 6 days 12 hours ago) and read 2414 times:
I am looking at an old, falling apart, 1962 American Airlines timetable....under the heading "Explanation of Reference Marks" is the symbol @==VIA Connection at Chicago. I'm not saying AA at ORD was the first hub, but it had to be one of the first.
I may be wrong, but I think some of the smaller regional carriers...North Central, Lake Central, Mohawk, Allegheny etc. had mini hubs in operation prior to 1960.
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Timz From United States of America, joined Sep 1999, 6466 posts, RR: 8 Reply 24, posted (8 years 9 months 2 weeks 4 days 18 hours ago) and read 2261 times:
What's a "true" hub?
I'd say it's an airport where a bunch of flights arrive at about the same time, wait on the ground long enough for all connections, then all depart around the same time. Just looking at the 1965 Delta timetable, Atlanta was a true hub. (Haven't looked earlier yet.)
Between 3:20 PM and 3:34 PM on weekdays, 18 Delta flights arrived Atlanta. 17 of those flights left between 4:05 and 4:20.
The eighteenth arrival was a DC-8 from LAX. Of course many of these flights made additional stops beyond the ones given here.
As for the local service airlines having hubs in the 1950s: they'd often have two aircraft arriving one airport at the same time and interchanging passengers, but I bet you'll have a hard time finding more than two (or three?) Lake Central or North Central aircraft at one airport in 1959.
25 OzarkD9S: My vote also goes to DL @ ATL, the CAB awarded DL some longhauls out of ATL provided they also served some local markets as well. This was in the 1950
26 Dutchjet: In the US, my vote would go to Delta at Atlanta. Even before deregulation, DL used Atlanta as a transit point to move passengers from the origin to fi
27 Infiniti757: Wasn't PanAm using West Berlin as a sort of hub when Germany was split East and West? I think this was during the 60s or 70s.