CRFLY From Costa Rica, joined Jan 2004, 197 posts, RR: 1 Posted (11 years 2 months 18 hours ago) and read 5077 times:
We had this discussion in class the other week about how many airlines are flying the 5th freedom and found very interesting articles about it, but which ones are flying point-to-point flights under the 7th freedom? Any idea about 7th freedoms (besides the Intra-European flights)?
5th Freedom: The right of an airline of one country to carry traffic between two countries outside of its own country of registry as long as the flight originates or terminates in its own country of registry (i.e. "beyond rights").
7th Freedom: The right of an airline to operate stand-alone services, entirely outside the territory of its home state, to carry traffic between two foreign states.
The technical difference is whether the flight operated is part of a journey that originates or terminates in the operator's country of registry, or if it's a stand-alone service.
In the example of the LAX-YYZ flight, it is a leg on the LAX-TLV service, not a stand-alone LAX-YYZ-LAX routing.
1MillionFlyer From , joined Dec 1969, posts, RR:
Reply 7, posted (11 years 2 months 18 hours ago) and read 4923 times:
Quoting AeroWesty (reply 6): 7th Freedom: The right of an airline to operate stand-alone services, entirely outside the territory of its home state, to carry traffic between two foreign states.
hmmm...they sell it as LAX-YYZ only and technically this definition above supports that. I can buy a stand-alone ticket from LAX-YYZ and both the origin and destination are not the home carrier's country.
The DL CDG-BOM flight is technically a continuation of a JFK orginating flight so I guess that does not qualify either?
B4real From United States of America, joined Aug 2003, 2765 posts, RR: 5
Reply 8, posted (11 years 2 months 17 hours ago) and read 4899 times:
Quoting AeroWesty (reply 6): The technical difference is whether the flight operated is part of a journey that originates or terminates in the operator's country of registry, or if it's a stand-alone service.
Hmm.... I explore to disagree. By simply an airline designating a flight number should not make such a difference (5/7 freedom) on the classification of the flight. Simply becuase the airline of country A can still sell flight x going from country B to country C. Even thought the flight goes A-B-C. Can subtle operational topics like that have such a bearing in the designation.
AeroWesty From United States of America, joined Oct 2004, 20822 posts, RR: 60
Reply 11, posted (11 years 2 months 17 hours ago) and read 4860 times:
Folks ... it's 5th freedom, not 7th.
In the example of the El Al flight, it's LY106 routing LAX-YYZ-TLV. LY sells tickets between the U.S. and Canada as part of a segment of a flight that terminates in its country of registry.
Similarly, you can buy a ticket on NW from AMS-BOM that is a continuation of their MSP-AMS-BOM service.
Even though they fit the description in 7th freedoms that they are between two countries that are not the operator's country of registry, these are not STAND-ALONE services.
An example of stand-alone 7th freedom flights would be the IGS services Pan Am, British Airways and Air France used to run from cities in West Germany to/from Berlin, and the flights such as Ryanair and EasyJet operate in continental Europe between two countries with the flight never touching down in the carrier's country of registry.
CRFLY From Costa Rica, joined Jan 2004, 197 posts, RR: 1
Reply 12, posted (11 years 2 months 17 hours ago) and read 4845 times:
Let me give you some feedback guys... LAN applied to fly SJO to MIA, in order to connect that flight witht he MIA/SCL and the MIA/LIM flights... that was a 7th freedom that LAN asked the costarican governement, which of course they didn't get... The main reason for this are the Bilateral Agreements between countries, as they can have unlimited 5th freedoms but not 7th ones... Otherwise LAN would compete with TACA and AA on the MIA route... The CR government had no problem if LAN wanted to fly from SCL to MIA with an intermediate stop in SJO and give 5th freedoms to LAN, but not a stand-alone SJO/MIA flight...
Back to my topic, I think just the Intra-European flights have been awarded with 7th freedoms, as those countries have Multilateral Agreements...
Thanks for you feedback guys, great discussion!!!
Capri From United Kingdom, joined Sep 2003, 516 posts, RR: 0
Reply 15, posted (11 years 2 months 17 hours ago) and read 4777 times:
Before the routes got busier for RAM and have seperate flights, they used to do CMN-JFK-YMX-JFK-CMN and you can buy tickets JFK-YMX-JFK return, would that classify as 5th or 7th freedom, flight AT204 was JFK-YMX and AT205 was YMX-JFK, and on low seasons they used to have CMN-JFK-YMX-CMN without returning to JFK as AT202 CMN-JFK and AT203 JFK-YMX-CMN.
JeffrySkY From Singapore, joined Feb 2004, 178 posts, RR: 0
Reply 16, posted (11 years 2 months 6 hours ago) and read 4578 times:
Capri : that still counts as a 5th freedom flight as the flight originated from Casablanca. You do not take the definition of 7th freedom from the passenger's perspective i.e. a passenger purchasing a LAX-YYZ-LAX ticket on a LAX-TLV route. The definition of 5th/7th freedom is determined by looking at the entire flight route, from origin to final destination.
I think very few carriers operate a 7th freedom service. It would mean setting up a separate fleet of aircraft and crewbase in a foreign land. If I am not wrong, Iberia used to ( or still do ? ) operate a fleet of A320s between Miami and Latin America. Those are 7th freedom flights .. unless those flights were meant as onward services and carried the same flight numbers as transatlantic sectors.