Joost From Netherlands, joined Apr 2005, 3138 posts, RR: 4 Reply 1, posted (7 years 7 months 1 week 6 days 15 hours ago) and read 3175 times:
It's a very interesting question and the basic answer is very simple: very often, the airlines will get a bank loan or a mortage, just like when private people are buying a car or a house. Sometimes banks pay provide it, or private investors. Also manufacterers of airplanes (Airbus, Boeing) or engines (P&W, RR, GE) provide finance.
That explains the DC9s that are 'paid for'. They have paid off the bank loan for the planes, just like when you paid off your house.
Gunsontheroof From United States of America, joined Jan 2006, 3480 posts, RR: 10 Reply 2, posted (7 years 7 months 1 week 6 days 15 hours ago) and read 3164 times:
The DC-9s are a good example. Think of it as a house with its mortage paid off, except you have 100+ of them. You're saving a lot of money, yes? Leasing or buying newer aircraft is going to be expensive, so why retire the old ones when they're still in great shape and you're only paying the operating costs? Joe Passenger certainly doesn't know the difference between a DC-9 and an A320.
Zkpilot From New Zealand, joined Mar 2006, 4749 posts, RR: 10 Reply 3, posted (7 years 7 months 1 week 6 days 15 hours ago) and read 3152 times:
Some airlines purchase straight up with cash, others arrange finance. Many lease up to 1/2 of their fleets from international leasing companies.
Aircraft take a long time to make and also each airline has slots that they have to wait their turn for delivery usually. So often the maximum rate of delivery is 1 aircraft per month for most types. For some types such as the A380 most airlines would probably get 2 or 3 aircraft within 2 months and then wait 3 months for each subsequent aircraft.
With the 787 airlines that got in early secured the production slots so they got to choose when they would have their aircraft produced. Airlines signing up now will most likely have to wait 2 years after Entry into Service before they can get theirs.
Joni From , joined Dec 1969, posts, RR: Reply 4, posted (7 years 7 months 1 week 6 days 14 hours ago) and read 3102 times:
I read somewhere of the practical maneuvers related to these purchases, and they're extremely complex. The airlines don't pay cash or use simple bank loans, but enter into long-winded contracts where they can e.g. sell the plane a few hours after buying it to some third parties, then lease it back permanently. The OEMS (A&B) have a lot of people designing these plans and they can offer ready-made solutions to customers in order to woo business.
AFAIK direct vendor financing isn't as popular in this business as in some others. One example that comes to mind is Airbus' sale of A350s to US Airways. (Vendor financing means the OEM borrows the customer the money to buy the planes, with the customer then pays back according to some agreed plan)
Gunsontheroof From United States of America, joined Jan 2006, 3480 posts, RR: 10 Reply 6, posted (7 years 7 months 1 week 6 days 14 hours ago) and read 3075 times:
Quoting Joffie (Reply 5): Slightly off topic, but did QF get their 737-800's so fast becasuse AA cancelled them?
Possibly, but I doubt it. Boeing delivers a lot of 737s in a month...you'd be surprised how fast the flight line changes at the BFI delivery center. I'm sure they can work something out in order to expedite an order for a strong Boeing customer like Qantas.