WINGS From Portugal, joined May 2005, 2831 posts, RR: 67 Posted (9 years 3 months 1 week 5 days 11 hours ago) and read 51961 times:
Airbus A310- A Tribute By Wings
The Airbus A310 is a medium to long-range widebody twin airliner, manufactured by Airbus Industries (Airbus SAS). The A310 was the second model to be introduced by Airbus after the A300, of which 255 frames were delivered.
Launched in July 1978 with orders from both Lufthansa and Swissair. The A310 was referred to as the A300B10 in the early design stage. The A310 is 13 frames shorter than the A300B4, but shares the same 5.64m fuselage diameter.
The aircraft is of mainly high strength aluminium alloy construction with some sections of carbon fibre or glass fibre re-inforced plastic composites.
The wing is structurally similar to that of the A300, but aerodynamically it is a completely new design. It has a higher aspect ratio, but less span and less area. The A310 also featured a smaller vertical fin.
The A310 competed head-on with the Boeing 767. It's major strenght vs the B767 was mainly due to the A310 wider fuselage which allowed for 8 abreast in a typical seating configuration vs the narrower B767 which could only accommodate 7 abreast seating. It's wider fuselage would also play a major role in terms of cargo capabilities. It could carry two industry standard LD3 cargo containers side by side in the underfloor cargo compartment, the same containers used on the DC10/MD11, 747 and the L1011 Tristar.
The assembly of the A310 took place on the same production line as the A300 in Toulouse. The first A310 was the 162nd Airbus off the production line. The A310 made its maiden flight in April 1982 powered by Pratt & Whitney JT9D engines. The A310-200 entered service with Swissair and Lufthansa a year later. The last A310 to role out of the line would be in June 1998, when Uzbequistan Airways too the last example.
COCKPIT AND INTERIOR:
The A310 has an advanced digital flight deck built by EADS France (formerly Aerospatiale Matra) and accommodating the pilot and co-pilot. The flight deck displays include an aircraft monitoring system, flight guidance, navigation and engine, management and monitoring. The flight deck also houses the electronic flight instrument system (EFIS) and a flight data recorder. The aircraft's digital automatic flight control system contains a flight control computer, a thrust control computer and a duplicated augmentation computer. The flight control computer provides autopilot, flight director and speed reference functions.
The Airbus A310 cabin can accommodate 6,7,8 or 9 abreast seating in a double aisle layout. There are four passenger doors at the port and starboard side to the front and rear of the cabin. A typical 2 class seating arrangement accommodates 220 passengers.
* (Airbus A310-200)
Flight Crew: 2 Passengers: 220 (Two class configuration) Empty weight: 83,100 kg (80,142 kg ) * MTOW: 164,000 kg (141,974 kg)* Fuel capacity: 75,470 litres (55,200 litres)* Operating range: 9,600 km (6,800 km)* Cruising speed:[b] Mach 0.80
[b]Maximum speed:[b] Mach 0.83
[b]Ceiling:[b] 12,500 m
[b]Length 46.66 m Wingspan 43.9 m Tail height 15.8 m Powerplants 2 X PW4156 or 2 X CF6-80C2 (2 x PWJT9D or 2 X CF6-80A3)*
Only one variant of the A310 was built, although it did have several versions.
The standard version is the A310-200. It was available with General Electric CF6-80A3 and Pratt & Whitney JT9D engines.
One A310-200C (Convertible) was built for Dutch charter airline Martinair. This version permitted easy removal of the seat so that cargo can be placed on the main deck. The A310-300 was also offered with convertible option.
The Airbus A310-300 is a long-range version with higher weights and increased fuel capacity. First flown in July 1985, the increased range was provided by additional centre and horizontal stabilizer (trim-tank) fuel tanks. This model also introduced wingtip fences to improve aerodynamic efficiency, a feature that has since been retrofitted to some -200s. It was offered with the PW400 or the GE CF6-80C2 power plant.
No production freighters of the A310 were produced. Although some cargo carriers have opted to convert some passenger models into freighters. The first A310-200F freighter was delivered to launch customer Federal Express in 1994.
The A310 is currently being offered as a Multi Role Tanker Transport (MRTT).The aircraft are manufactured and modified by EADS/Airbus. The conversion involves the following,
*Installation of two AAR pods under each wing
*Four additional fuel tanks (extra 28,000 kg)---giving total capacity of almost 78,000 kg.
*Fuel Operator Station (FOS) to control fuel offload, cameras etc, military radios and exterior lighting. For MRTT, a remote surveillance of approaching/refueling process with a night-vision capable video system had to be developed. This system (developed by a small company called VIDAIR) allows operation both with visible light and also near-infrared radiation.
*Reinforced wings and aircraft floor and some minor cockpit modifications.
To this present date the Airbus A310 has experienced six hull loss, with a total of 518 fatalities.
31 July 1992; Thai International A310-300; near Katmandu, Nepal: The aircraft had a controlled flight into terrain about 22.5 miles (36 km) from the airport after apparently using an incorrect procedure for a missed approach. All 14 crew and 99 passengers were killed. 22 March 1994; Russian International Airways A310; near Novokuznetsk, Russia: Lost control and crashed after the captain had allowed at least one child to manipulate the flight controls. All 12 crew and 63 passengers were killed 31 March 1995; Tarom Romanian Airlines A310; near Balotesti, Romania: Aircraft crashed shortly after taking off in a snowstorm. All 10 crew and 50 passengers were killed. 11 December 1998; Thai Airways International A310-200; near Surat Thani, Thailand: During its third landing attempt, the aircraft crashed just outside the Surat Thani airport. The aircraft was on a domestic flight from Bangkok to Surat Thani. There were 90 fatalities among the 132 passengers and 11 fatalities among the 14 crew members. 30 January 2000; Kenya Airways A310-300; near Abidjan, Ivory Coast: The aircraft crashed into the Atlantic Ocean shortly after taking off at night for a flight from Abidjan to Lagos, Nigeria. All 11 crew members and 158 of the 168 passengers were killed. 9 July 2006; Sibir Airlines A310-300; Irkutsk, Russia: The aircraft was on a scheduled flight from Moscow to Irkutsk. Weather at Irkutsk included a low overcast, rain, and thunderstorms in the area. The aircraft landed on the runway, but was unable to stop on the runway. After departing the runway, the aircraft collided with a concrete structure, broke up, and caught fire. Five of the eight crew members, and 119 of the 195 passengers were killed.
-The A310 has the widest cabin for its length of any airplane ever manufactured by Airbus. The A310 is only 8 feet longer than an A321 but much chubbier
-A Rolls-Royce powered A310 was proposed although this version was never built.
-An A310-100 was a proposed short-range version, which was never built.
To this present date 226 A310's are still in active service. Mainly with cargo carriers. Now that passenger service of this plane is reaching the end, I'm confident that many will find a home as freighters.
Keesje From , joined Dec 1969, posts, RR:
Reply 3, posted (9 years 3 months 1 week 5 days 10 hours ago) and read 51854 times:
Thnx Wings, another great tribute!
One of my best flying experiences was on a A310 in the late eighties, doing touch & goes and aborted landings /take-offs for hours sitting in the seat behind the captain in the roomy A10 cockpit over a dark Amsterdam Schiphol Area.
I remember a hard landing and the captain could immediately check on the multi function display if it was within limits & push the throttles for another powerful A310 take off. I was very impressed by the glass cockpit & smooth control.
A310 of the airline I will leave (voluntary) tomorrow after many good years. . KLM Used them on high density / middle east routes. I flew them to Porto/Lissabon also.
Alibo5NGN From United States of America, joined Oct 2006, 773 posts, RR: 1
Reply 4, posted (9 years 3 months 1 week 5 days 10 hours ago) and read 51850 times:
Thanks for the tribute. A fine plane.
The Nigerian Government (Military Dictators at the time) bought 4 new A310-222 for then State owned Nigeria Airways in much the same way that the Angolan Government is currently buying B777's and B737's for State owned TAAG. Due to corruption, mismanagement and acts of gross incompetence by Nigeria Airways management (Political appointees offcourse), the planes all met premature end of service life.
On time payment of maintenance and airport fees and dues was the main problem. The planes were 5N-AUG which became a bar in Belgium, 5N-AUF(?) caught fire at Ilorin Airport Nigeria during a training flight and 5NAUE/5N-AUH which are rotting away at LOS.
It takes knowledge to make a career. It takes wisdom to live a life.
Stitch From United States of America, joined Jul 2005, 33654 posts, RR: 85
Reply 5, posted (9 years 3 months 1 week 5 days 10 hours ago) and read 51850 times:
Really sharp-looking bird in that TAP livery.
A very capable plane, indeed. I am guessing her lack of range relative to the 767ER family is what kept her to "only" 255 sales, as she certainly had the edge in passenger and payload capacity and very advanced avionics.
Kiramakora From Argentina, joined Aug 2006, 557 posts, RR: 0
Reply 8, posted (9 years 3 months 1 week 5 days 10 hours ago) and read 51796 times:
Quoting Stylo777 (Reply 6): I really love this bird! It is for me one of these few "revolutionary" aircrafts ever built.
I would not term the 310 "revolutionary." However, I would call the 310 a versatile, under-rated aircraft that got the job done. Some of my favourite earlier memories were flying the 313 on AI's BOM-NBO segment. I remember flying over Sudan and the little promotional items AI used to have - postcards, 313 stickers, 313 fact sheets, etc. I remember making several cockpit visits and a pilot telling me that the 313 could glide without engines and all other random things.
WINGS From Portugal, joined May 2005, 2831 posts, RR: 67
Reply 12, posted (9 years 3 months 1 week 5 days 10 hours ago) and read 51731 times:
Here is the list of the current A310 operators.
# Aerolineas Argentinas
# Switzerland African Safari Airways
# Algeria Air Algerie
# India Air India
# Kazakhstan Air Kokshetau
# Macau Air Macau
# Spain Air Madrid
# Spain Air Plus Comet
# Canada Air Transat
# Afghanistan Ariana Afghan Airlines
# Bangladesh Biman Bangladesh Airlines
# People's Republic of China China Eastern Airlines
# Czech Republic CSA Czech Airlines
# Uganda Eagle Aviation
# United States FedEx
# Germany Hapagfly
# Iran Iran Air
# Jordan Jordan Aviation
# Kuwait Kuwait Airways
# Libya Libyan Arab Airlines
# Iran Mahan Air
# Mongolia MIAT Mongolian Airlines
# Turkey MNG Airlines
# Pakistan Pakistan International Airlines
# Qatar Qatar Airways
# Jordan Royal Jordanian Airlines
# Russia S7 Airlines
# Portugal SATA International
# France Star Airlines
# Sudan Sudan Airways
# Portugal TAP Portugal
# Turkey Turkish Airlines
# Belgium TNT Airways
# Uzbekistan Uzbekistan Airlines
# Portugal White
# Yemen Yemenia
Leelaw From , joined Dec 1969, posts, RR:
Reply 13, posted (9 years 3 months 1 week 5 days 10 hours ago) and read 51692 times:
Quoting Keesje (Reply 3): A310 of the airline I will leave (voluntary) tomorrow after many good years.
I wish you well in your future endeavors. Hopefully your departure isn't prompted by personal difficulties, and you will continue to work in this industry that you obviously have a strong passion for, or you've decided to embark on another career which excites you even more.
The hottest news about the A310 are:
- Air Bagan has it's first aircraft now in service (full colors).
- Mahan Air has give back one A310 to it's operator (Saga Airlines)
- Air Atlanta's A310 is now back from Air Algerié and stored
- TAP Portugal has the former Royal Jordanian A310 now in service.
Lumberton From United States of America, joined Jul 2005, 4708 posts, RR: 19
Reply 17, posted (9 years 3 months 1 week 5 days 5 hours ago) and read 51187 times:
Let me add my compliments to you, Wings, for your fine efforts WRT these "tribute" threads. I have come to thoroughly enjoy them.
I'm curious as to why FEDEX opted for a freighter version, when the larger capacity A300-600F is/was available? (I'm sure this was discussed to death on threads past, but please accept my apologies, and I would be grateful if someone could provide the rationale).
"When all is said and done, more will be said than done".
Laxintl From United States of America, joined May 2000, 28473 posts, RR: 50
Reply 18, posted (9 years 3 months 1 week 5 days 5 hours ago) and read 51159 times:
As some one that has lots of experience with the A310 type from a management perspective the type offered fantastic versatility being able to economically serve both dense short 1 hour sectors and medium ~8hr sectors very successfully while also having room for cargo.
Definately type ahead of its time when it arrived on the scene during the early 80s offering airlines something between the then typical B727s and DC-10 size aircraft.
Along with the 767, the A310 was also a pioneer in Atlantic ETOPS operations changing the face of city-pair markets which prior were restricted to much larger widebodies.
A310, Thank you for your services
From the desert to the sea, to all of Southern California
YVRLTN From Canada, joined Oct 2006, 2854 posts, RR: 0
Reply 20, posted (9 years 3 months 1 week 4 days 22 hours ago) and read 50836 times:
There are also some military operators too - apart from the Luftwaffe as pictured (with 7), we have 5 here operated by the Canadian Forces as the CC150 Polaris, Belgium have 2, Spain have 2 and the French L'Armee De L'Air have 3. There may be others too of course.
With the exception of the 727, it seems to be out of production with fewer than 300 frames manufactured.
Well to be sincere I don't really have a definite criteria, apart for the fact that all tributes are for out of production airplanes. I believe that just because an airplane has not been a run away sucess in terms of sales, it does not make it less worth of such a Tribute. All of the planes which I have made tributes to have in some way or form molded aviation as we know now.
I have also tried to make tributes to various airplanes manufactures. So far I have done so for Tupolev (TU-144) Lockheed (L1011) Boeing (727) Dassault (Mercure), Bristol (Britannia) and now Airbus with the (A310).
Teva From France, joined Jan 2001, 1879 posts, RR: 14
Reply 22, posted (9 years 3 months 1 week 4 days 18 hours ago) and read 50219 times:
Quoting Lumberton (Reply 17): I'm curious as to why FEDEX opted for a freighter version, when the larger capacity A300-600F is/was available? (I'm sure this was discussed to death on threads past, but please accept my apologies, and I would be grateful if someone could provide the rationale).
That's pretty simple. At that time, FX started to receive its first A300s from Toulouse.The first idea was to use them to replace 727. But at the time they started to join the fleet, it appeared they were too big for some markets. And with the growth in the mid 90s, they created their own market. Intial orders (including the options ) were around 100 frames. It would take too long to receive them and match the current model. Then FX started to look at the 310 conversion: smaller, can be delivered faster, can use the same crew, cheaper.
So, instead of converting all the options, they choose the 310.
And if you look at the current Airbus fleet at FX, it is close to the 100 initial target.
Ecoute les orgues, Elles jouent pour toi...C'est le requiem pour un con
ImperialEagle From United States of America, joined Jan 2006, 2630 posts, RR: 19
Reply 24, posted (9 years 3 months 1 week 4 days 17 hours ago) and read 49653 times:
Back in the 1990's I had the great pleasure of flying on some of DL's and JM's 310's.
Wonderful memories of a very powerful aircraft----you never felt like lack of power would EVER be a problem.
I had not experienced such exciting take-offs since the last 720-B I flew on!
One day , sitting in the crew lounge here at ATL, I had a conversation with some 310 cockpit crew. I was not surprised to hear they rarely ever used any rudder with the aircraft as the differential thrust available was so powerful.
I'd love to experience another take-off on a 310 again.
Like a ride on the Space Shuttle!
"If everything seems under control, you're just not going fast enough!"
: Nice write-up and some lovely pics. I have had the opportunity to fly an A310 on Air India and I was amazed at how wide the cabin was considering it l
: Thanks Wings. A great post, indeed. For a great aircraft. I hope I can still fly on it for many, many time do come. DH
: Very interesting and well done. I will try the A310 for the first time next time with IR from CGN-THR for the airevents tour After this tribute i have
: Always love reading your tributes wings thanks again. Kenneth
: I thought EK still had some, 1 in passenger service and some in cargo? My 1st ever flight on airbus equipment was an AF A310 LHR/CDG - seems like suc
: is it possible we will see the A310/ A300 reign in Cargo operations in the next 20-30 years? Seeing as how there are so flippin many of them... the 31
: really enjoy the tributes. i think you should do one for the A300 as well!
: Thank you all for the positive feedback. It sure makes the effort even more worth while. I believe that Emirates has 1 x A310-300 Pax and 3x A310-300F
: Another job of work, combined with a labour of love. Great tribute, good picture choices and new insight into a vital 2nd step for Airbus.
: WINGS, One of the things that drew me to this website was the exchange of ideas and the potential for learning. That said, I really appreciate and lov
: I still remember when Ecuatoriana got their two brand new A310s... they were great planes and Ecuatoriana had a great color scheme.... too bad the air
: Hi Atnight, Well if you take a look at the Airliners.net photo database you will find several photos of Ecuatoriana's A313. I will try to find out an