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US-South America, Why Overnight In Both Directions  
User currently offlineLHboyatDTW From , joined Dec 1969, posts, RR:
Posted (7 years 5 months 3 weeks 6 days 15 hours ago) and read 6068 times:

Considering that my sister is flying back from EZE next week on AA, I recently wondered why it's an overnight flight to South American cities like EZE and then have the plane sit there all day for it to be towed back to the gate for an overnight flight back to the US. Would the airlines save money by repositioning the flight times to have it leave an airport like ATL in the morning and then have it fly back in the night?

Can anybody here to explain why US Airlines do this?

47 replies: All unread, showing first 25:
 
User currently offlineReality From United States of America, joined Apr 2007, 496 posts, RR: 0
Reply 1, posted (7 years 5 months 3 weeks 6 days 15 hours ago) and read 6053 times:

Good Question. I would prefer to fly during the day....at least one way.

.

.


User currently offlinePPVRA From Brazil, joined Nov 2004, 8969 posts, RR: 39
Reply 2, posted (7 years 5 months 3 weeks 6 days 15 hours ago) and read 6034 times:

Quoting LHboyatDTW (Thread starter):

Can anybody here to explain why US Airlines do this?

All airlines do this. From South America (at least from the southern cone) and Europe also. Reason is you don't lose a day sitting on the aircraft, and business travelers (high-yielding pax) pick these overnight flights over daylight ones.

Some airlines offer tag-on flights to improve aircraft use, others just wait all day long.



"If goods do not cross borders, soldiers will" - Frederic Bastiat
User currently offlineAvianca From Venezuela, joined Jan 2005, 5934 posts, RR: 40
Reply 3, posted (7 years 5 months 3 weeks 6 days 15 hours ago) and read 6026 times:

due the demand of business pax who pays a lot for a flight, it is comon also on europe-southafrica for example.

or on the QF Europe routes.

edti: typo

[Edited 2007-04-29 04:23:24]


Colombia es el Mundo Y el Mundo es Colombia
User currently offlineL1011buff From United States of America, joined Jan 2006, 115 posts, RR: 0
Reply 4, posted (7 years 5 months 3 weeks 6 days 15 hours ago) and read 6016 times:

My LAN flights EZE-MIA were the same way. Do they operate day flights? Their service was VERY good. I'd fly with them again for sure! Kevin

User currently offlineRJpieces From , joined Dec 1969, posts, RR:
Reply 5, posted (7 years 5 months 3 weeks 6 days 15 hours ago) and read 5986 times:

Quoting LHboyatDTW (Thread starter):
Can anybody here to explain why US Airlines do this?

Overnight flights are demanded by business travellers, which is how airlines make money on any given route.


User currently offlineMAH4546 From Sweden, joined Jan 2001, 33038 posts, RR: 71
Reply 6, posted (7 years 5 months 3 weeks 6 days 15 hours ago) and read 5944 times:

Business travelers demand overnight flights, so that is what they get. There are a handful of daylight services, mainly between Miami and Brazil, but that is it.

American Airlines used to only park one plane in Sao Paulo, with the other planes going to Belo Horizonte, a daylight to Miami, Rio de Janeiro, and Asuncion, though now they no longer do the Belo Horizonte and Asuncion tags.

LAN hates parking planes on the ground all day, so their flights to Miami often turn around and do a daylight flight to somewhere else depending on the day. For example, on Mondays, they have a daylight MIA-CCS-SCL service; on Saturdays LAN Chile has a daylight MIA-PUJ-SCL and LAN Argentina has a daylight MIA-PUJ-EZE.



a.
User currently offlineMPDPilot From United States of America, joined Jul 2006, 994 posts, RR: 0
Reply 7, posted (7 years 5 months 3 weeks 6 days 15 hours ago) and read 5944 times:

I just wanted to add that you can see that just about the only long flights that operate during the day are one traveling west and only because the time changes allow it. Like many have said one a 10 hour flight going north south or east it takes that long or even longer times and business travelers can only aford to loose that time at night.


One mile of highway gets you one mile, one mile of runway gets you anywhere.
User currently offlineAvianca From Venezuela, joined Jan 2005, 5934 posts, RR: 40
Reply 8, posted (7 years 5 months 3 weeks 6 days 15 hours ago) and read 5937 times:

Quoting MAH4546 (Reply 6):
LAN hates parking planes on the ground all day,

understandable. I really asking me how an airline can make money with a airplane all the day on the ground... for example the QF flight to FRA, the plane comes in at 04:55 am and leaves FRA again at 23:55



Colombia es el Mundo Y el Mundo es Colombia
User currently offlineB4REAL From United States of America, joined Aug 2003, 2646 posts, RR: 5
Reply 9, posted (7 years 5 months 3 weeks 6 days 14 hours ago) and read 5912 times:

Deep South America flights to the US generally do the overnight and all day idle, although AA and DL have from time to time had daytime flights from GRU. Here are some reasons why this makes sense (and I just returned from Brazil today!):

-Connections beyond key points of GRU/GIG/SCL/EZE.... If the end destination is beyond any of these points (and in my example it was - SSA), you realistically can work a full day or at least a 3/4 day and then fly from end point to key point to return to the US that night. As for the arrivals from US to South America, this works a lot like Europe as you arrive in the morning, and can make connections or go to directly to the arriving city.

-Because the time difference between most of South America and the US is very small, an overnight flight to or from South America is easier to take than an overnight flight to Europe assuming you get some amount of rest on the plane (and I did last night on DL 104 GRU-ATL in Y, and I'm still up now and not tired - 10:29 P.M.).

-As do US travelers to South America, travelers from South America have likely more connection opportunities than a daylight flight would give to clear US customs and connect onward domestically or internationally. In fact, many people on my ATL-GRU flight were going onward to ICN and NRT. The flight attendants also gave the in-flight service announcements in English, Portugese, and Japanese. For DL, usually it is only English and destination country's principle language. Lastly, in GRU airport near gate 12, there is a large DL advertisement to go to Japan! A little further on this topic, you find that a lot of South American travelers shop almost exclusively by price (as do Americans!) and they sometimes make what may seem as bizarre routes because it is less expensive. For example - I flew ATL-CCS once next to a gentleman who flew PTY-ATL-CCS because Copa was like $1900 for the flight and DL was like $800 or something silly like that. So you may see people doing routes like GRU-ATL-MEX simply because the price makes it worth the US customs process and extra time. You may even see more of this with AA.




Now the one thing I don't know is the crew turn rules - if for example, a DL crew flies JFK-GRU and arrives at 8:00 in the morning - can they fly GRU-ATL at 10:55 that evening? That is 14:55 between landing and takeoff - and that may work good for crew reasons - no 'dead crews'.



B4REAL, spelled like it sounds
User currently offlineMAH4546 From Sweden, joined Jan 2001, 33038 posts, RR: 71
Reply 10, posted (7 years 5 months 3 weeks 6 days 14 hours ago) and read 5888 times:

Quoting Avianca (Reply 8):
understandable. I really asking me how an airline can make money with a airplane all the day on the ground... for example the QF flight to FRA, the plane comes in at 04:55 am and leaves FRA again at 23:55

If you think that's bad, El Al used to have a plane arrive in Miami from Tel Aviv on Friday mornings, and it did not leave until midnight on Saturday. Almost two whole days, but it is because El Al does not fly on the Sabbath. They changed their schedule recently so the planes just turn around, though.



a.
User currently offlineB4REAL From United States of America, joined Aug 2003, 2646 posts, RR: 5
Reply 11, posted (7 years 5 months 3 weeks 6 days 14 hours ago) and read 5877 times:

Quoting MAH4546 (Reply 10):
If you think that's bad, El Al used to have a plane arrive.......

That is a good example, did El Al have any other stations with that type of idle configuration? Maybe in Asia, it was probably fairly common in that situation. Also, about crew, they may have had a stranded crew or had to dead head back in some scenarios.



B4REAL, spelled like it sounds
User currently offlineRJpieces From , joined Dec 1969, posts, RR:
Reply 12, posted (7 years 5 months 3 weeks 6 days 14 hours ago) and read 5877 times:

Quoting MAH4546 (Reply 10):
They changed their schedule recently so the planes just turn around, though.

What do you mean? El Al still has those long turn arounds at EWR and JFK (arrive Friday morning, depart Saturday night).


User currently offlineAvianca From Venezuela, joined Jan 2005, 5934 posts, RR: 40
Reply 13, posted (7 years 5 months 3 weeks 6 days 14 hours ago) and read 5875 times:

Quoting MAH4546 (Reply 10):
If you think that's bad, El Al used to have a plane arrive in Miami from Tel Aviv on Friday mornings, and it did not leave until midnight on Saturday. Almost two whole days, but it is because El Al does not fly on the Sabbath. They changed their schedule recently so the planes just turn around, though.

thats explain why EL AL has "so much" profit at the end of the year....



Colombia es el Mundo Y el Mundo es Colombia
User currently offlineMAH4546 From Sweden, joined Jan 2001, 33038 posts, RR: 71
Reply 14, posted (7 years 5 months 3 weeks 6 days 14 hours ago) and read 5862 times:

Quoting RJpieces (Reply 12):

What do you mean? El Al still has those long turn arounds at EWR and JFK (arrive Friday morning, depart Saturday night).

I just referring to Miami. Miami flights now operate TuThSu, so no long layovers.



a.
User currently offlineIadguy73 From United States of America, joined Jan 2005, 109 posts, RR: 0
Reply 15, posted (7 years 5 months 3 weeks 6 days 13 hours ago) and read 5776 times:

Quoting B4REAL (Reply 9):
In fact, many people on my ATL-GRU flight were going onward to ICN and NRT.

You mean GRU-ATL? Why on Earth would someone fly from ATL to Japan or Korea via Brazil?


User currently offlineB4REAL From United States of America, joined Aug 2003, 2646 posts, RR: 5
Reply 16, posted (7 years 5 months 3 weeks 6 days 13 hours ago) and read 5762 times:

Quoting Iadguy73 (Reply 15):
You mean GRU-ATL? Why on Earth would someone fly from ATL to Japan or Korea via Brazil?

Yes, sorry, good catch. It was GRU-ATL-Onward to Asia they went.



B4REAL, spelled like it sounds
User currently offlineReality From United States of America, joined Apr 2007, 496 posts, RR: 0
Reply 17, posted (7 years 5 months 3 weeks 6 days 12 hours ago) and read 5681 times:

Quoting B4REAL (Reply 9):
Connections beyond key points of GRU/GIG/SCL/EZE.... If the end destination is beyond any of these points ///// As for the arrivals from US to South America, this works a lot like Europe as you arrive in the morning, and can make connections or go to directly to the arriving city.

I think this is the REAL reason....connections on both ends. Business travelers don't LIKE to travel at night. We just HAVE to. Flights leave from the US in the evening so that people can get to NY or MIA or DFW from other parts of the country during the day in order to catch the flight to South America.


User currently offlineCubsrule From United States of America, joined May 2004, 23148 posts, RR: 20
Reply 18, posted (7 years 5 months 3 weeks 6 days 2 hours ago) and read 5494 times:

Let's look at what would happen if they had 'normal' turnaround times in South America. For purposes of this exercise, we'll use the times of the year when neither country is on daylight savings (just to keep the math simpler) and examine DL 146 and 147, the ATL-SCL-ATL service.

DL 147, as scheduled now

Depart ATL: 10:05 PM
Arrive SCL: 8:30 AM (this is a very convenient time for business travellers and tourists alike, btw, as you can easily be out of the airport by 10 and have almost a full day to do what you want.

Let's assume a 2 hour turn, so we have

DL 146 (hypothetically scheduled)

Depart SCL 10:30 AM
Arrive 9:25 PM

Take 90 minutes or so to clear customs, and you are basically unable to connect to anywhere. But DL **COULD** fix this problem. Let's try another schedule

DL 147

Depart ATL 7:05 PM
Arrive SCL 5:30 AM The 5:30 arrival is moderately inconvenient, but most connections from the west coast, even from smaller markets like SMF, are still possible, as are connections from Asia, which are actually better under this schedule.

Then, we have

DL 146

Depart SCL 7:30 AM
Arrive ATL 6:25 PM

This looks better on paper, but the reality is we haven't solved much in terms of connections. Most Europe flights are gone long before 8:00, as are the Asia flights. And while domestic connectivity is improved, a lot of folks would have to take the last flight of the day, not exactly ideal if something goes awry. So by trying this schedule, DL loses a lot of connecting possibilities (the whole reason the flight works in the first place), and this doesn't take into account the preference of high-yield passengers to travel with certain schedules.



I can't decide whether I miss the tulip or the bowling shoe more
User currently offlineRafabozzolla From Brazil, joined Apr 2000, 1232 posts, RR: 0
Reply 19, posted (7 years 5 months 3 weeks 6 days 1 hour ago) and read 5415 times:

Quoting MPDPilot (Reply 7):
I just wanted to add that you can see that just about the only long flights that operate during the day are one traveling west and only because the time changes allow it.

Not really, on top of GRU-MIA and GRU-JFK daytime flights, JJ also operates MIA-GRU and JFK-GRU daylights. It has to do with plane utilization. This way JJ is able to have two flights a day to JFK and MIA with only two planes for each route, and offers both night flights and daytime flights both directions.


User currently offlineFLYACYYZ From Canada, joined Jan 2004, 1914 posts, RR: 12
Reply 20, posted (7 years 5 months 3 weeks 6 days 1 hour ago) and read 5409 times:

Presume the strategy is similar to AC, whereby flight timings are scheduled to capture large numbers of Asia > South America bound traffic and vice versa. This is a large (and growing) important market.


Above and Beyond
User currently offlineContinentalEWR From United States of America, joined May 2000, 3762 posts, RR: 13
Reply 21, posted (7 years 5 months 3 weeks 6 days ago) and read 5334 times:

Given the limited number of flights to/from the US/Deep South America operated by non-US carriers, there is a lot of cargo hauled on the AA, UA, DL, and CO flights in these markets. This more than makes up for the lost revenue of having the aircraft parked for 10 hours at GRU, EZE, SCL, and so forth.

Some carriers also use the layovers to do maintenance and clean the aircraft.


User currently offlineJcavinato From United States of America, joined Jan 2005, 520 posts, RR: 0
Reply 22, posted (7 years 5 months 3 weeks 6 days ago) and read 5316 times:

Might not have any bearing to today (with the discussion above), but from the 1950s through to the 70s the real money was made by Pan Am, Braniff, Aero Peru, Avianca, Lan Chile, etc. on mail contracts. At Miami and the South American cities, those planes that flew at or near midnight got the sacks of mail that had been collected during the day. These were the money makers for the flights, because passenger loads varied so widely from day to day and week to week. Mail did not; it was high volume and even, and paid hard currency. So, for those decades, the passenger flew at the convenience of the mail volume. So, one surmise might be that what we see today is lingering from that original scheduling behavior.

User currently offlineCubsrule From United States of America, joined May 2004, 23148 posts, RR: 20
Reply 23, posted (7 years 5 months 3 weeks 5 days 22 hours ago) and read 5215 times:

Quoting MAH4546 (Reply 6):
LAN hates parking planes on the ground all day, so their flights to Miami often turn around and do a daylight flight to somewhere else depending on the day.

That's always been true in MIA, but interestingly, they've stopped doing that in SCL lately. There used to be widebody flights to places like IQQ and PMC during the day... no more.



I can't decide whether I miss the tulip or the bowling shoe more
User currently offlineMPDPilot From United States of America, joined Jul 2006, 994 posts, RR: 0
Reply 24, posted (7 years 5 months 3 weeks 5 days 20 hours ago) and read 5102 times:

Quoting Rafabozzolla (Reply 19):
Not really, on top of GRU-MIA and GRU-JFK daytime flights, JJ also operates MIA-GRU and JFK-GRU daylights. It has to do with plane utilization. This way JJ is able to have two flights a day to JFK and MIA with only two planes for each route, and offers both night flights and daytime flights both directions.

I was refering to the whole planet. Yes there are a few day time flights but the vast majority of the day time flights are westbound.



One mile of highway gets you one mile, one mile of runway gets you anywhere.
25 Post contains images Gr8Circle : If he was an a.nutter...
26 DiscoverCSG : Ahh, the legendary power of the ATL hub... They say that whether you go to heaven or to the other place, you'll have to connect in ATL to get there.
27 Vincewy : If a market can handle twice daily (ie: MIA-EZE, LIS-GRU, MAD-MEX, MIA-GRU), perhaps using 3 aircrafts, doing 4 segments of flights per 72 hour period
28 B4REAL : I would not necessarily call it ATL power, just good pricing. AA @ MIA is the same thing, and is not so much the ATL-fortified hub that DL @ ATL is.
29 FlyLKU : Simple: High yield business travelers like me don't want to or cannot afford to waste a day (or two) traveling.
30 Rwy04LGA : I've flown DL to both GRU and EZE and the planes stayed there all day (2 in GRU). I believe they have in-depth cleaning done on those planes down ther
31 C010T3 : LIS-GRU is not a twice daily flight. TP operates only 11 LIS-GRU weekly frequencies (eff. 3rd July week), which is less than the 12 LIS-GIG weekly fr
32 LuisKMIA : The only exception I've seen is TAM with a daytime GRU - MIA flight. Luis KMIA
33 LipeGIG : I use to believe that the only reason is just the business traveller. Nowadays i believe that the big problem is the time zone and geography also. To
34 MAH4546 : AA offers a fourth daily MIA-GRU flight during peak travel that is also daylight. TAM also has a JFK-GRU daylight.[Edited 2007-04-30 03:27:33]
35 LAXdude1023 : Its not really specific to ATL. There are alot people who travel from South America to Asia via DFW, IAH, and JFK as well as ATL.
36 Cubsrule : Quite true. Arguably, though, this statement cannot be applied as easily to MIA. There are markets that can (and do) support significant daily freque
37 RJ_Delta : Not all planes. Normally the aircrafts arrived from US early morning depart inmediatly to South American destinations. LAN never has used widebodies
38 Cubsrule : In March 2005, LA was using a 763 on a PMC turn that departed PMC at 1920 (this was scheduled and bookable just like the narrowbody flights). I don't
39 RJ_Delta : It could be, but not usual from the end of 2004.
40 Post contains images Cubsrule : My friend, I saw the aircraft with my own two eyes in PMC, and nearly booked rides on the aircraft to both PMC and IQQ. I'm not sure how that qualifi
41 LVHGEL : EZE-(any USA airport), I've done these routes innumerable times, in PA, EA, UA, AA, and AR. Only once I've flown during daylight, early 90s' AA EZE-MI
42 Jfk777 : Ita about the finances of the flight, People who fly First and Business Class want to sleep on the overnight trip. The Europe to South Africa routes h
43 FLY2LIM : AA has a midnight and a 6 a.m. departure from LIM to MIA. You can always find rooms (it seems) on that morning flight, but the night flight is always
44 LipeGIG : Not so true. I use to fly the daylight GIG-GRU-JFK and during this month i flew it two times and both flights were full (7F 30C) on Premium classes.
45 DiscoverCSG : If you read my original comment - which was meant as tongue-in-cheek, by the way - you see that I was responding to the idea of flying PTY-ATL-CCS in
46 RJ_Delta : Ok nobody said that you didn't see the aircraft, but I tell you again: since the end 2004 is NOT USUAL the operations with 763 on domestic routes. I
47 Cubsrule : Why all the anger? It's a minor point. And I'm not sure why we are having a problem... is there perhaps a language issue. The schedule was something
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