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The Sixteen Orginal Trunk Airlines  
User currently offlineNWASE From United States of America, joined Aug 2005, 7 posts, RR: 0
Posted (7 years 1 month 3 weeks 6 days 15 hours ago) and read 5738 times:

I am in the process of writing a paper regarding the fallout from airline deregulation.

The Civil Aeronautics Act of 1938 "grandfathered" 16 trunk airlines into the U.S. air carrier system and while those numbers shrunk to ten by 1979, no new trunk carriers were added. While I can find numerous references to the original sixteen, I cannot find the names of them. If anyone can help identify them, I would appreciate it.

Here is my partial list of suspects (in no particular order):

American
Continental
Braniff
Alaska
United
TWA
Pan Am
Western
Eastern
National
Northwest

13 replies: All unread, jump to last
 
User currently offlineMcMax From United States of America, joined Dec 2005, 305 posts, RR: 0
Reply 1, posted (7 years 1 month 3 weeks 6 days 15 hours ago) and read 5687 times:

The 11 you have listed are correct. Those are the same ones I found when Googling the topic.

Another trunk airline back then was Northeast Airlines (which later merged with Delta). As to the remaining 4, I have no concrete answer, but I'd guess Mohawk might be one of them.

Good luck!

--Max



De minimis non curat lex tamen ego curao
User currently offlineAloha73G From United States of America, joined Jul 2003, 2364 posts, RR: 4
Reply 2, posted (7 years 1 month 3 weeks 6 days 14 hours ago) and read 5656 times:

I found an article from TIME which identified United, TWA, American and Eastern

Quote:
The line argues that CAB doctrine since the board was first set up in 1938 has been to limit the number of trunk airlines to the 16 "grandfather" lines (American. Eastern, United, T.W.A., etc.) operating at that time. Since then, three have dropped out, but no new names have been added to the roster

Also, I would add Delta.....and I am sure there are a bunch of small ones which merged/changed names in the meantime.

Perhaps Hawaiian also, as they were started in 1929.

-Aloha!



Aloha Airlines - The Spirit Moves Us. Gone but NEVER Forgotten. Aloha, A Hui Hou!
User currently offlineJet-lagged From United States of America, joined Mar 2002, 874 posts, RR: 0
Reply 3, posted (7 years 1 month 3 weeks 6 days 14 hours ago) and read 5654 times:

Chaulk's ?
Piedmont ? (Henson Flying Service)
Republic ?


User currently offlineRJ111 From , joined Dec 1969, posts, RR:
Reply 4, posted (7 years 1 month 3 weeks 6 days 14 hours ago) and read 5599 times:

I do not know if these were part of the original 16 but a few other old US airlines are...

Air California
Aloha

At least, they're older than me anyway. Big grin

[Edited 2007-08-26 11:55:27]

User currently offlineAloha73G From United States of America, joined Jul 2003, 2364 posts, RR: 4
Reply 5, posted (7 years 1 month 3 weeks 6 days 13 hours ago) and read 5578 times:

Quoting RJ111 (Reply 4):
Aloha

Founded in 1946, not old enough to be a trunk airline.

-Aloha!



Aloha Airlines - The Spirit Moves Us. Gone but NEVER Forgotten. Aloha, A Hui Hou!
User currently offlineUncgso From United States of America, joined Aug 2005, 344 posts, RR: 0
Reply 6, posted (7 years 1 month 3 weeks 6 days 13 hours ago) and read 5572 times:

Bonanza
Pioneer
Trans-Texas Airways
Frontier
Ozark
???


User currently offlineLindy Field From United States of America, joined Mar 2001, 3121 posts, RR: 14
Reply 7, posted (7 years 1 month 3 weeks 6 days 13 hours ago) and read 5565 times:
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A trunk line was authorized to provide interstate service, so Aloha, Hawaiian, and Air California shouldn't count as they were intrastate carriers and not subject to quite so many regulations.

Along with Northeast and Delta, I'd imagine that the old Capital Airlines, merged into United in 1960, was one of the original trunk lines.
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As for the others, possibilities include North Central, Mohawk, Piedmont, Alaska, or American Overseas Airlines, although I'm not sure if the first three were anything more than local carriers in the 1930s or if Alaska is old enough.


User currently offlineOzarkD9S From United States of America, joined Oct 2001, 5151 posts, RR: 21
Reply 8, posted (7 years 1 month 3 weeks 6 days 12 hours ago) and read 5484 times:

Colonial - into Eastern
Chicago & Southern - into Delta
Northeast (already mentioned) - into Delta
Capital (already mentioned) -into Untited
Mid-Continent - into Braniff

Ozark, Trans-Texas, Southern, Frontier, et al...were Local Service carriers formed after WWII.

[Edited 2007-08-26 13:56:34]


Next Up: STL-EWR-STL for my first mileage run!
User currently offlineGemuser From Australia, joined Nov 2003, 5712 posts, RR: 6
Reply 9, posted (7 years 1 month 3 weeks 6 days 10 hours ago) and read 5362 times:

Quoting NWASE (Thread starter):
Here is my partial list of suspects (in no particular order):

Pan Am

I doubt that you should count Pan Am as a trunk airline as they had no domestic service in 1938 and none of the trunk airlines did international service except maybe Grace? which became Pan American Grage/Paranga.

Gemuser



DC23468910;B72172273373G73873H74374475275376377L77W;A319 320321332333343;BAe146;C402;DHC6;F27;L188;MD80MD85
User currently offlineSkyyMaster From , joined Dec 1969, posts, RR:
Reply 10, posted (7 years 1 month 3 weeks 6 days 9 hours ago) and read 5335 times:

Were those carriers that were back then called "local service" carriers (Piedmont, Lake Central, Ozark, Allegheny, etc) also considered trunk carriers? I was under the impression they were in a different classification. If so, I can only come up with eleven - AA, BN, CO, DL, EA, NE, NW, PA, TWA, UA, WA. Maybe I'm not thinking back far enough?

User currently offlineXJRamper From United States of America, joined Dec 2003, 2462 posts, RR: 51
Reply 11, posted (7 years 1 month 3 weeks 6 days 9 hours ago) and read 5282 times:

Here are the original 16 air carriers:

American Airlines
Braniff Airways
Chicago and Southern Airlines
Continental Airlines
Delta Air Corporation
Northwest Airlines
Pennsylvania-Central Airlines
Transcontinental and Western Air
Eastern Airlines
Inland Airlines
Mid-Continent Airlines
National Airlines
Northeast Airlines
United Airlines
Western Air Express
Wilmington-Catalina Airlines

Of these airlines that received a permanent Certificate of Convenience and Necessity, there are only 5 that remain today: AA, CO, DL, NW, and UA

XJR



Look ma' no hands!
User currently offlineSkyyMaster From , joined Dec 1969, posts, RR:
Reply 12, posted (7 years 1 month 3 weeks 6 days 9 hours ago) and read 5240 times:

Quoting XJRamper (Reply 11):
XJR

Interesting list. May I ask your source? I'd like to do some reading and get some history. I'd heard of all except Wilmington-Catalina, and I thought I'd heard of just about everyone that ever flew!


User currently offlineXJRamper From United States of America, joined Dec 2003, 2462 posts, RR: 51
Reply 13, posted (7 years 1 month 3 weeks 5 days 19 hours ago) and read 4995 times:

This came from a book from one of my masters classes at Riddle entitled "Air Transportation 1903-2003" 14th edition written by Robert Kane. It was actually kind of amusing because the book talked about Pan Am as the 6th original trunk carrier that was still in operation, and we all know where they went lol.

Quoting SkyyMaster (Reply 12):
I'd heard of all except Wilmington-Catalina, and I thought I'd heard of just about everyone that ever flew!

Makes two of us lol.

Its actually a decent book and I do recommend the read even though it is "older".

XJR



Look ma' no hands!
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