BA777 From United Kingdom, joined Jun 2001, 2167 posts, RR: 7 Posted (11 years 9 months 3 weeks 19 hours ago) and read 1348 times:
Just a quick question into why the TCAS ordered the DHL 75F to descend while the system would've seen that the TU-154 was descending, so wouldnt the DHL have ascended or turned away when the square turned red, or even when it was yellow?
Md88captain From United States of America, joined Nov 2001, 1329 posts, RR: 21
Reply 3, posted (11 years 9 months 3 weeks 19 hours ago) and read 1347 times:
Perhaps on the initial data that was being inputed the best escape was to descend. After all they were at altitude and there is very little energy available at such a height to climb. The TCAS system may be designed to take altitude into account. I know that TCAS logic takes altitude into account at very low altitudes. TCAS will not order a descent while close to the ground.
I've had TCAS order a descent and then based on new data order a climb. It is very possible that happened to the DHL crew. The tapes will tell all.
EGGD From United Kingdom, joined Feb 2001, 12443 posts, RR: 36
Reply 4, posted (11 years 9 months 3 weeks 19 hours ago) and read 1319 times:
Why did the ATC intervene(uhhh sp?)? I would have thought that, when 2 aircraft are at the same altitude the TCAS would tell one to descend and one to climb. I think that the TCAS wouldn't have time to change from descend to climb for the DHL, after it would expect (if an electrical instrument) the DHL to descend and the tupolev to climb.
Broke From United States of America, joined Apr 2002, 1322 posts, RR: 3
Reply 7, posted (11 years 9 months 3 weeks 3 hours ago) and read 1213 times:
The algorithm (I had to look in the dictionary to spell it ) used in a TCAS system to indicate which way the crew should fly the airplane includes the following. (This is only part of the algorithm). The ceiling of the airplane (altitude), the airplane registration number, which antenna on both airplanes is receiving the signal (top, bottom, or both), the closure rate of the planes, and whether the airplanes are decending or climbing.
If the airplanes are approaching in level flight at the same altitude, the registration number code is used to determine which airplane will receive the climb indication and which will receive the descend. If one plane is close to its ceiling, it will receive the descend indication and also signal the other airplane what it is doing.
With the TU-154 descending, it was a combination of criteria in the 757 that gave the crew a descend indication. Later TCAS software will also give a go left or right indication, I thought it would be out by now, but it may not have been installed or did not provide an indication in this instance.
A few years ago, a F-16 was trying to intercept a 727 from behind, off the coast of the US. The 727 crew flew all over the place based on its TCAS indications trying to avoid what they thought was an impending mid-air.
Jhooper From United States of America, joined Dec 2001, 6199 posts, RR: 12
Reply 8, posted (11 years 9 months 2 weeks 6 days 14 hours ago) and read 1147 times:
Traffic separation is ATC's job. TCAS is only a last ditch safety device.
The pilot is ultimately responsible. Don't know how many SAABs or Brasilias down here have almost collided with small planes because they buzz in here like they own the place with their heads buried in the cockpits not keeping a sharp watchout. Then they gripe ATC out over the radio, and the controller just comes back with "You have TCAS, I have a pair of binoculars!" PCA (CL A Airspace) might be different, but where I am there is no approach controller, no radar, and just one guy in the tower who only has responsibility for traffic on the active runway and not much else.
Last year 1,944 New Yorkers saw something and said something.