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China .. World War II  
User currently offlineAGM100 From United States of America, joined Dec 2003, 5407 posts, RR: 17
Posted (5 years 9 months 2 weeks 6 days 19 hours ago) and read 2670 times:

I was watching the documentary last night covering the Inchon landing and the 1951 battle to establish the 38th parallel in Korea.

I have a simple question ... How was China able to raise and equip such a huge army in the short period after WWII. ( Basically 5 years )

And .. why didn't they fight the Japanese ? Made me wonder why they raised such a army and fought for the communists while they seemed to have just let Japan run wild though Asia 6 years before .


You dig the hole .. I fill the hole . 100% employment !
44 replies: All unread, showing first 25:
 
User currently offlineRara From Germany, joined Jan 2007, 2168 posts, RR: 2
Reply 1, posted (5 years 9 months 2 weeks 6 days 18 hours ago) and read 2651 times:

They did fight the Japanese, but China was severely weakened due to internal struggles and a devastating civil war. Besides, the Japanese military was obviously superior.

Raising a huge army isn't really a problem for China, as they only need to draft a tiny percentage of the population to have millions of soldiers on their hands. As to how well they were equipped... no idea, but the Soviets must have played a part in that.



Samson was a biblical tough guy, but his dad Samsonite was even more of a hard case.
User currently offlineB2443 From United States of America, joined Jul 2004, 703 posts, RR: 0
Reply 2, posted (5 years 9 months 2 weeks 6 days 18 hours ago) and read 2650 times:

The armies (both Nationalists and Communists) did try fighting the Japanese but were too weak for the Japanese. Nationalist fought on the front lines (not very successful), while the communists more or less "Guerrilla" style. WW2 ended in 1945, with the US dropping atomic bombs in Japan.

Then after the WW2, the Nationalist and Communists fought themselves. The Communists took over China, along with the left over weapons supplied by the U.S.A. This civil war ended in 1949 mostly and occasional conflicts after that, with , with the Communists winning all over mainland China and the Nationalists fleeing/(being defeated) to Taiwan (there you see mainland China and Taiwan shouldn't be viewed as separate countries at least they weren't, pun intended!)

The Communists troops were ready to deploy after winning the Nationalist with US weapons and took those and more from USSR to Korea in 1951.

So there was no "sudden" build up and everything was lined up.


User currently offlineMD11Engineer From Germany, joined Oct 2003, 14139 posts, RR: 62
Reply 3, posted (5 years 9 months 2 weeks 6 days 15 hours ago) and read 2616 times:



Quoting B2443 (Reply 2):
Then after the WW2, the Nationalist and Communists fought themselves. The Communists took over China, along with the left over weapons supplied by the U.S.A. This civil war ended in 1949 mostly and occasional conflicts after that, with , with the Communists winning all over mainland China and the Nationalists fleeing/(being defeated) to Taiwan (there you see mainland China and Taiwan shouldn't be viewed as separate countries at least they weren't, pun intended!)

The nationalists fought the communists and vice versa already before the Japanese invasion of the mid 1930s. The Japanese invasion caused an uneasy armistice between the two major civil war armies (there were other smaller ones, run by regional warlords), who were forced to fight an external enemy, but often enough they kept on fighting each other. Actually Japan never conquered the whole of China. Their conquests were limited to North-Eastern China and some stretches along the coast. The Japanese also tried to invade Siberia, but got beaten back in several battles by the a Russian General named Chuikov (the same one who later conquered Berlin).
Taiwan actually used to be a Portuguese and Dutch colony, followed by a short stretch of Chinese rule during the 19th century, followed by Japanese rule, except for the four years between the end of WW2 and the end of the Chinese civil war in 1949. During the 20th century, Taiwan was only ruled by China for about 5 years.
By the same reasoning Korea (both Koreas) should belong to China, because they were once a vassal of the Chinese empire.

Jan


User currently offlineHAWK21M From India, joined Jan 2001, 31702 posts, RR: 56
Reply 4, posted (5 years 9 months 2 weeks 6 days 8 hours ago) and read 2560 times:

In a communist state,getting volunteers is not an issue......They can be ordered to join up  Smile
regds
MEL



Think of the brighter side!
User currently offlineFalstaff From United States of America, joined Jun 2006, 6164 posts, RR: 29
Reply 5, posted (5 years 9 months 2 weeks 6 days ago) and read 2480 times:
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Quoting Rara (Reply 1):
As to how well they were equipped... no idea, but the Soviets must have played a part in that.

The Soviets supplied a lot of arms to the the Chicoms. The Soviets had A LOT of arms leftover from WWII. Even today Soviet arms from WWII are cheap and plentiful here in the US.



My mug slaketh over on Falstaff N503
User currently offlineAGM100 From United States of America, joined Dec 2003, 5407 posts, RR: 17
Reply 6, posted (5 years 9 months 2 weeks 5 days 22 hours ago) and read 2444 times:

Just seems like with the Imperial Japanese Army overthrowing , burning , and destroying Nanjing, that they may have been able to recruit a massive resistance. Even if the masses were only armed with sticks and stones... the Japanese must have been out numbered 20-1 (guess)

For instance in comparison to the defense of the mother land executed by the Russians .. the Chinese appear to have simply laid down.



You dig the hole .. I fill the hole . 100% employment !
User currently offlineRonglimeng From Canada, joined Oct 2006, 626 posts, RR: 0
Reply 7, posted (5 years 9 months 2 weeks 5 days 21 hours ago) and read 2421 times:



Quoting AGM100 (Reply 6):
Just seems like with the Imperial Japanese Army overthrowing , burning , and destroying Nanjing, that they may have been able to recruit a massive resistance

I would ask "recruit to where" - the corrupt Kuomintang, the greedy warlords, or the exhausted Communists who had hardly then recovered from the Long March?

It wasn't until October 1, 1949 when Mao proclaimed that "the Chinese people had stood up" that China really existed as a nation. We found that out the hard way a year or so later when MacArthur ignored Chinese warnings about getting too close to the Yalu River.

Lack of unity wasn't just a Chinese characteristic. Look what a couple of boatloads of Brits were able to do on the Indian sub-continent against millions and millions of people.


User currently offlineB2443 From United States of America, joined Jul 2004, 703 posts, RR: 0
Reply 8, posted (5 years 9 months 2 weeks 4 days 19 hours ago) and read 2331 times:



Quoting MD11Engineer (Reply 3):
The nationalists fought the communists and vice versa already before the Japanese invasion of the mid 1930s.

Slightly off the topic...Oh yeah, the Nationalists almost wiped out the Communists. Then the Long March, Yan'An, peasant's revolution and all of that...Mao proved himself more than 'immortal" during that time. Then came the "Co-operation" of the two parties to fight the Japanese.

Quoting MD11Engineer (Reply 3):
Actually Japan never conquered the whole of China.

Thank God.

Quoting MD11Engineer (Reply 3):
Taiwan actually used to be a Portuguese and Dutch colony, followed by a short stretch of Chinese rule during the 19th century, followed by Japanese rule, except for the four years between the end of WW2 and the end of the Chinese civil war in 1949. During the 20th century, Taiwan was only ruled by China for about 5 years.

So what did it use to be BEFORE the Portugese and Dutch? Certainly not in-dependent. According to the history I learned, Portugese/Dutch rule ended in 1662 when Zheng Cheng Gong kicked them out - "Re-claiming of Taiwan". If it hadn't been Chinese, where came the word "Re-Claim"?

China-Qing Dynasty claimed rule over Taiwan until 1895 when China lost the war the Japan (Jiawu) and Taiwan was 'given" to Japan as concession. So China had 230+ years rule over Taiwan, a lot longer than the Dutch, Japan combined, why is considered a "short stretch"? This does not even inlcude the years prior to European colonists's occupation of Taiwan.

By the end of WW2 in 1945, Taiwan was returned to China. But it's also interesting to see how the west see Taiwan NOT ruled by China after 1949. Taiwan, as of today, still has the official name of "Republic of China", doesn't it? It never left "Repblic of China", whose constitution still says mainland China is part of "Republic of China", no matter how many in Taiwan want to get rid of the mainland.

Quoting MD11Engineer (Reply 3):
By the same reasoning Korea (both Koreas) should belong to China, because they were once a vassal of the Chinese empire.

ummm...this would be really OFF the topic...Korea/Vietnam/Mongolia all fall in the same category, with Japan closely nearby.


User currently offlineCorinthians From United States of America, joined May 2008, 374 posts, RR: 0
Reply 9, posted (5 years 9 months 2 weeks 4 days 18 hours ago) and read 2313 times:



Quoting B2443 (Reply 8):
So what did it use to be BEFORE the Portugese and Dutch? Certainly not in-dependent. According to the history I learned, Portugese/Dutch rule ended in 1662 when Zheng Cheng Gong kicked them out - "Re-claiming of Taiwan". If it hadn't been Chinese, where came the word "Re-Claim"?

Well...if you really, really want to go into further history, Taiwan was originally aboriginal (similar to the those from Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines) and not Han Chinese until they started immigrating there in the 1600's. So, while whatever entity was called "China" back then may have had control of Taiwan for 230 years as you claim, it was aboriginal for over 8000 years.


User currently offlineAGM100 From United States of America, joined Dec 2003, 5407 posts, RR: 17
Reply 10, posted (5 years 9 months 2 weeks 4 days 16 hours ago) and read 2277 times:

Anyone have a recommendation for a book about the history of china. After reading responses above I see I need to read up a bit. There are hundreds of them at the book store , just a recommendation would be good.

I am busy so it would be nice to have one that is not 10k pages, but still covers the important stuff . Thanks ,



You dig the hole .. I fill the hole . 100% employment !
User currently offlineB2443 From United States of America, joined Jul 2004, 703 posts, RR: 0
Reply 11, posted (5 years 9 months 2 weeks 4 days 9 hours ago) and read 2226 times:



Quoting Corinthians (Reply 9):
Well...if you really, really want to go into further history, Taiwan was originally aboriginal

If you really really really want to get into history....Chinese started their presence (10k+troops) in Taiwan back in Han Dynasty in year 230. More troops (10K+) were deployed in Sui Dynasty in 607/608. In Year 1171, houses and navy stations were built (Song Dynasty). And these went on and on throughout Yuan Dynasty, Ming Dynasty, Qing Dynasty, and the Republic of China. There was no short of Chinese in Taiwan, even considering just the Han Chinese.

Dutch did not appear until early 1600 and were kicked out in 1662.

Therefore I agree aboriginals had more years in Taiwan. But to say Taiwan was somehow Dutch, Portugese (together some 60 years) or Japanese (50 year + on and off invasions to Taiwan) and Chinese rule was the "short stretch" is not correct.


User currently offlineB2443 From United States of America, joined Jul 2004, 703 posts, RR: 0
Reply 12, posted (5 years 9 months 2 weeks 4 days 9 hours ago) and read 2219 times:



Quoting AGM100 (Reply 6):
For instance in comparison to the defense of the mother land executed by the Russians .. the Chinese appear to have simply laid down.

Well if you consider China were forced to into wars ever since 1840 (First Opium War with the British, who else) and lost most of them (rememeber losses=concessions). By the time the Japanese invaded in the 1930s, China was basically in a sick-bed waiting to die.

Therefore the question here should have been why didn't those countries (The British, French, Germans + their neighbors, Russians, Japanese) leave China the f*ck alone?


User currently offlineCorinthians From United States of America, joined May 2008, 374 posts, RR: 0
Reply 13, posted (5 years 9 months 2 weeks 3 days 19 hours ago) and read 2166 times:



Quoting B2443 (Reply 11):
If you really really really want to get into history....Chinese started their presence (10k+troops) in Taiwan back in Han Dynasty in year 230. More troops (10K+) were deployed in Sui Dynasty in 607/608. In Year 1171, houses and navy stations were built (Song Dynasty). And these went on and on throughout Yuan Dynasty, Ming Dynasty, Qing Dynasty, and the Republic of China. There was no short of Chinese in Taiwan, even considering just the Han Chinese.

Dutch did not appear until early 1600 and were kicked out in 1662.

Therefore I agree aboriginals had more years in Taiwan. But to say Taiwan was somehow Dutch, Portugese (together some 60 years) or Japanese (50 year + on and off invasions to Taiwan) and Chinese rule was the "short stretch" is not correct.

That's not what I gather from the history I studied. The aboriginals were the original people of that island. Various settlers came and went (like from the Song Dynasty and Sui Dynasty, as you mentioned), but that island was predominantly aboriginal. Nothing can dispute the fact that they are the natives of that island and had THE predominant presence until the 1600's when the Dutch came in and then the Han Chinese started immigrating there in mass numbers and kicked the Dutch out. What happened after that has been argued by you and others.

Quoting B2443 (Reply 12):
Well if you consider China were forced to into wars ever since 1840 (First Opium War with the British, who else) and lost most of them (rememeber losses=concessions). By the time the Japanese invaded in the 1930s, China was basically in a sick-bed waiting to die.

Therefore the question here should have been why didn't those countries (The British, French, Germans + their neighbors, Russians, Japanese) leave China the f*ck alone?

You originally from China?


User currently offlineB2443 From United States of America, joined Jul 2004, 703 posts, RR: 0
Reply 14, posted (5 years 9 months 2 weeks 3 days 15 hours ago) and read 2130 times:



Quoting Corinthians (Reply 13):
The aboriginals were the original people of that island

I was not disputing that. But even the aboriginals in Taiwan came from elsewhere, no? You may say the same (aboriginals) about many parts of China, especially in current day Yunnan, Sichuan, Guangxi...weren't we all some kind of aboriginal at some point in history?

Back to my point:

Quoting Corinthians (Reply 13):
Therefore I agree aboriginals had more years in Taiwan. But to say Taiwan was somehow Dutch, Portugese (together some 60 years) or Japanese (50 year + on and off invasions to Taiwan) and Chinese rule was the "short stretch" is not correct.



Quoting Corinthians (Reply 13):
You originally from China?

Why does that matter? My history book is 'propagada' and yours isn't?


User currently offlineJohns624 From United States of America, joined Jul 2008, 954 posts, RR: 0
Reply 15, posted (5 years 9 months 2 weeks 3 days 15 hours ago) and read 2124 times:



Quoting B2443 (Reply 14):
Quoting Corinthians (Reply 13):
You originally from China?

Why does that matter? My history book is 'propagada' and yours isn't?

Maybe because you seem to be taking this a little too personally???


User currently offlineCorinthians From United States of America, joined May 2008, 374 posts, RR: 0
Reply 16, posted (5 years 9 months 2 weeks 3 days 10 hours ago) and read 2109 times:



Quoting B2443 (Reply 14):

I was not disputing that. But even the aboriginals in Taiwan came from elsewhere, no? You may say the same (aboriginals) about many parts of China, especially in current day Yunnan, Sichuan, Guangxi...weren't we all some kind of aboriginal at some point in history?

Well, the aboriginals in Taiwan are the same as those from the Philippines, Indonesia and Malaysia. If you say they're from "China", then good on you. But then from your argument, where the Malaysians, Indonesians and Filipinos from China too? And by your explanation of us all being aboriginal at some point, well I guess we're all the same, right?

Quoting B2443 (Reply 14):

Why does that matter? My history book is 'propagada' and yours isn't?

I just asked a simple question that warranted just a "yes" or "no" answer. I don't know why you couldn't answer it directly and were so defensive. It had nothing to do with your history lessons. Even with your evasive response, you basically answered my question.


User currently onlineFlighty From United States of America, joined Apr 2007, 8760 posts, RR: 3
Reply 17, posted (5 years 9 months 2 weeks 3 days 10 hours ago) and read 2099 times:



Quoting AGM100 (Reply 10):
Anyone have a recommendation for a book about the history of china.

Spence.

Quoting B2443 (Reply 11):
There was no short of Chinese in Taiwan, even considering just the Han Chinese.

So, that does not mean it was their island. There was no shortage of Chinese in California either during much of the 1800s. Yet, California is not part of China.

Quoting B2443 (Reply 8):
So China had 230+ years rule over Taiwan, a lot longer than the Dutch, Japan combined, why is considered a "short stretch"? This does not even inlcude the years prior to European colonists's occupation of Taiwan.

Well Taiwan's time as a Chinese province was pretty short, 1887-1895, about 7 or 8 years only. This is not a very substantial record. Furthermore, this was a long time ago. It strikes me as too convenient to pinpoint a particular 7 year people (even a 100 year period so distant) and describe it as relevant. Couldn't many people describe the PRC governement as completely invalid, since it only came about in 1949? That's a pretty new government. Before them, there were others. We have to work within today's framework, and not use history selectively. History can be used for, or against, any purpose. It could, for example, totally invalidate the US or China's own governments, under all sorts of justifications. But we should not be slaves to persons who died long ago, that is my message.


User currently offlineB2443 From United States of America, joined Jul 2004, 703 posts, RR: 0
Reply 18, posted (5 years 9 months 2 weeks 3 days 2 hours ago) and read 2063 times:



Quoting Corinthians (Reply 16):
Well, the aboriginals in Taiwan are the same as those from the Philippines, Indonesia and Malaysia. If you say they're from "China", then good on you.

People, I was NOT arguing aboriginal Taiwanese...I was merely saying Chinese started to make presence on the island way way way ahead of the Dutch and Japanese. So please don't say it was Dutch, Japanese while denying it was Chinese.

Quoting Flighty (Reply 17):
So, that does not mean it was their island. There was no shortage of Chinese in California either during much of the 1800s. Yet, California is not part of China.

Therefore can we safely conclude racial roots have "NOTHING" to do with political divides? So why were we even talking about aboriginals, the Dutch, the Japanese....


User currently offlineB2443 From United States of America, joined Jul 2004, 703 posts, RR: 0
Reply 19, posted (5 years 9 months 2 weeks 3 days 2 hours ago) and read 2053 times:



Quoting Flighty (Reply 17):
Well Taiwan's time as a Chinese province was pretty short, 1887-1895, about 7 or 8 years only.

hmmm...Not sure where you got that from...as history did not just start in 1887...

http://www.tpg.gov.tw/e-English/history/history-e-2_1.htm

Quoting Flighty (Reply 17):
Couldn't many people describe the PRC governement as completely invalid, since it only came about in 1949?

I don't see how relevant that is...An emperor dies, another emperor takes his place , i.e. new government, and therefore "invalid"? Kosovo? Mongolia (name changed from People's Republic of Mongolia a couple years ago), invalid just because they are "young"?


User currently offlineCorinthians From United States of America, joined May 2008, 374 posts, RR: 0
Reply 20, posted (5 years 9 months 2 weeks 3 days 2 hours ago) and read 2045 times:



Quoting B2443 (Reply 19):
hmmm...Not sure where you got that from...as history did not just start in 1887...

http://www.tpg.gov.tw/e-English/hist...1.htm

The official Taiwanese government site has a different version of history than the site you provided.

http://www.gio.gov.tw/taiwan-website/5-gp/yearbook/ch3.html


User currently offlineBaroque From Australia, joined Apr 2006, 15380 posts, RR: 59
Reply 21, posted (5 years 9 months 2 weeks 3 days 2 hours ago) and read 2039 times:



Quoting AGM100 (Reply 10):
Anyone have a recommendation for a book about the history of china.

Not a general history but one book that seldom gets adverse criticism is:

Joseph Needham, Science and Civilization in China - a formidable number of volumes though, as so far, they have not made the film, although that would be a good idea!!!

* Vol. I. Introductory Orientations
* Vol. II. History of Scientific Thought
* Vol. III. Mathematics and the Sciences of the Heavens and Earth
* Vol. IV. Physics and Physical Technology
* Vol. V. Chemistry and Chemical Technology
* Vol. VI. Biology and Biological Technology
* Vol. VII. The Social Background

He has a Wiki entry at
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Needham

If you do not find the history of China interesting, just the history of Needham is a worthwhile study!!


User currently offlineMD11Engineer From Germany, joined Oct 2003, 14139 posts, RR: 62
Reply 22, posted (5 years 9 months 2 weeks 3 days 1 hour ago) and read 2032 times:



Quoting Flighty (Reply 17):
Quoting B2443 (Reply 8):
So China had 230 years rule over Taiwan, a lot longer than the Dutch, Japan combined, why is considered a "short stretch"? This does not even inlcude the years prior to European colonists's occupation of Taiwan.

Well Taiwan's time as a Chinese province was pretty short, 1887-1895, about 7 or 8 years only. This is not a very substantial record. Furthermore, this was a long time ago. It strikes me as too convenient to pinpoint a particular 7 year people (even a 100 year period so distant) and describe it as relevant. Couldn't many people describe the PRC governement as completely invalid, since it only came about in 1949? That's a pretty new government. Before them, there were others. We have to work within today's framework, and not use history selectively. History can be used for, or against, any purpose. It could, for example, totally invalidate the US or China's own governments, under all sorts of justifications. But we should not be slaves to persons who died long ago, that is my message.

Exactly. By this reasoning we Germans could claim the rule of most of Euope, since most of it once was the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation, or the Italians could do much the same, since most of Southern Europe and Northern Africa used to be part of the Roman Empire at some time.
In anycase, selfdetermination of the peoples is a relatively new concept. Up to the mid-20th century basicallywhoever had an advantage (weaponry etc.) would use it to his profit and this includes invading and occupying other countries. I'm sure that while China was strong in asia, they did the same there.

Jan


User currently offlineDoona From Sweden, joined Feb 2005, 3772 posts, RR: 13
Reply 23, posted (5 years 9 months 2 weeks 3 days 1 hour ago) and read 2024 times:



Quoting AGM100 (Thread starter):
I have a simple question ... How was China able to raise and equip such a huge army in the short period after WWII. ( Basically 5 years )

Not too difficult in an authoritarian regime. Hell, even a democratic nation like the US was able to massively increase the size of it's armed forces in the run-up to and during WW2 (albeit with ALOT more money).

Quoting MD11Engineer (Reply 3):
The Japanese also tried to invade Siberia, but got beaten back in several battles by the a Russian General named Chuikov (the same one who later conquered Berlin).

I thought those attacks, like the Chasan Lake incident, were more like border skirmishes, in order to test the Soviet defences, rather than actually invade. Although that I guess that in itself was a kind of preparation for a possible invasion. They got their butts thoroughly kicked by the Soviets, and I read somewhere that while the Japanese did not think much of the fighting spirit of the Soviet troops, they were scared shitless of Soviet artillery and armour, areas of land warfare where the Japanese were seriously lacking.

Quoting Ronglimeng (Reply 7):
It wasn't until October 1, 1949 when Mao proclaimed that "the Chinese people had stood up" that China really existed as a nation.

Interestingly, the Taiwan government continued to be the recognized government of China, at least in the eyes of the West. Taiwan occupied the Chinese seat in the UN Security Council until something like 1972, IIRC (And, if you read the UN charter, it even today states that one of the UNSC seats belongs to the Republic of China, not the PRC. Come to think of it, it also says "USSR", and not Russia. For some reason it hasn't been changed). This had lead to a boycott of the UN by the USSR in the late 40's, early 50's, which in turn led to the fact that the UN was able to take action when it came to Korea. Yet another moment in time when "international solidarity" shot itself in the foot, I guess.  silly 

Cheers
Mats



Sure, we're concerned for our lives. Just not as concerned as saving 9 bucks on a roundtrip to Ft. Myers.
User currently offlineBaroque From Australia, joined Apr 2006, 15380 posts, RR: 59
Reply 24, posted (5 years 9 months 2 weeks 3 days ago) and read 2021 times:



Quoting Doona (Reply 23):
Quoting MD11Engineer (Reply 3):
The Japanese also tried to invade Siberia, but got beaten back in several battles by the a Russian General named Chuikov (the same one who later conquered Berlin).

I thought those attacks, like the Chasan Lake incident, were more like border skirmishes, in order to test the Soviet defences, rather than actually invade. Although that I guess that in itself was a kind of preparation for a possible invasion.

Depends how you define a border skirmish!

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Khalkhin_Gol

Casualty estimates vary widely: Some sources say the Japanese suffered 45,000 or more soldiers killed with Russian casualties of at least 17,000,[5]. The Japanese officially reported 8,440 killed and 8,766 wounded, while the Russians initially claimed 9,284 total casualties. It is likely that figures published at the time were reduced for propaganda purposes. In recent years, with the opening of the Soviet archives, a more accurate assessment of Soviet casualties has emerged from the work of Grigoriy Krivosheev, citing 7,974 killed and 15,251 wounded.[1] Similar research into Japanese casualties has yet to take place.

Quoting Doona (Reply 23):
They got their butts thoroughly kicked by the Soviets, and I read somewhere that while the Japanese did not think much of the fighting spirit of the Soviet troops, they were scared shitless of Soviet artillery and armour, areas of land warfare where the Japanese were seriously lacking.

That is one way to phrase it and another would be:
The Japanese, however, while learning never to attack the USSR again, made no major changes to their tactical doctrines. They continued to emphasize the bravery and courage of the individual soldier over massing force and armor. The problems that faced them at Khalkin Gol, most importantly their lack of armor, would plague them again when the Americans and British recovered from their defeats of late 1941 and early 1942 and turned to the conquest of the Japanese Empire.

It started as a border skirmish with Mongolians trying to find grazing for less than 100 horses in a disputed border area but when you have more than a Japanese division being opposed by about 50,000 Russian and Mongolian troops and 450 tanks, it no longer counts as a border skirmish. The main battle was notable for Russian armour being able to mount encircling attacks and taking the Japanese in the rear. Encirclement was followed by destruction of the Japanese 23rd Div mostly by artillery and air attacks. 450 tanks was quite something in 1939!

In May 1940 the whole of the BEF had 100 tanks and 200 light tanks and we do not speak of that as a border skirmish - which of course it was, bloody great big borders of course!!

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/2WWbef.htm


25 AGM100 : With my schedule I would have trouble finishing one book in a month , but thanks man. I am interested in getting a good accurate but general overview
26 B2443 : " target=_blank>http://www.gio.gov.tw/taiwan-website....html ahh..Interesting how it so conveniently started listing "key event" from 1624...(a de-li
27 Post contains links Baroque : Start here for a reference to an abridged version!! http://dannyreviews.com/h/Science_China.html The Shorter Science and Civilisation in China: 3 Jos
28 Corinthians : I know about the link you provided and where it's from. But what about the link I gave? Isn't that an official too?
29 B2443 : It was not Taiwan government, it was "Republic of China". Both governments (PRC and ROC) claimed (still do with PRC more vocal) "representation" of t
30 B2443 : While I know it's ROC official, I raise this question, what happened before 1624, nothing? Did the Han, Sui, Song, Yuan, Ming Chinese not make any si
31 Corinthians : This is a matter of debate that you and I are not going to solve through this forum. How much influence the Han settlers had before the Dutch went to
32 Johns624 : I think there is confusion between the Chinese being a distinctive race and the Chinese having a central, continuing government.
33 B2443 : Hello Hawaii! Hell the whole America and Australia! I was/am NOT disputing that...geez how many times do I have to repeat myself..I was simply lookin
34 B2443 : When it comes to things related to China, many of the books here in the west tend to get too political, including National Geographic, which I have a
35 B2443 : And there's also confusion between Han Chinese and other ethnic Chinese, such muslim Chinese, manchurian Chinese, mongolian Chinese, Korean Chinese,
36 Corinthians : And while we're at it, let's include Tibet, Xinjiang, Gansu and Qinghai, OK? Their original populations were not Han Chinese. I just brought her up a
37 MD11Engineer : I could also quote my girlfriend, who is ethnic Chinese, but considers herself Filipina, since this is the place her great-grand parents emigrated to
38 Corinthians : I would agree with him here. Western and Chinese books are divergent in their historical perspectives. And if you do go to China, whatever you do, do
39 B2443 : I knew that would come up, a bit too far away from the topic nonetheless...And you forgot about Jilin, Liaoning, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Guangxi, Yu
40 Corinthians : This only came up because you strayed off topic with the "Hawaii, America and Australia" bits. It goes both ways. And yes, most of those provinces yo
41 B2443 : Guess I am having too much time today...I was saying in the context of "ROC" replaced by PRC in the UN in 1972. "Poor POC" as in she got left out/aba
42 Johns624 : I believe what B2443 is trying to say is that it's only okay to conquer neighboring lands if they are the same ethnic makeup as yourself.
43 Baroque : I dunno what is being attempted, but perhaps it is worth noting that European countries have been decolonizing their conquests since the late 40s. If
44 AlexEU : Taiwan was never part of PR China. It was part of the Republic of China, and it is still part of it. -- PR China was Sino-Indian war, but I am still c
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