ADG From , joined Dec 1969, posts, RR: Posted (13 years 6 months 3 weeks 18 hours ago) and read 3635 times:
At 11 am on 11th November 1918 the guns of the Western Front fell silent after more than four years continuous warfare. The allied armies had driven the German invaders back, having inflicted heavy defeats upon them over the preceding four months. In November the Germans called for an armistice (suspension of fighting) in order to secure a peace settlement. They accepted the allied terms of unconditional surrender.
The eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month attained a special significance in the post-war years. The moment when hostilities ceased on the Western Front became universally associated with the remembrance of those who had died in the war. This first modern world conflict had brought about the mobilisation of over 70 million people and left between 9 and 13 million dead, perhaps as many as one-third of them with no known grave. The allied nations chose this day and time for the commemoration of their war dead.
On the first anniversary of the armistice, 11 November 1919, the two minutes' silence was instituted as part of the main commemorative ceremony at the new Cenotaph in London. The silence was proposed by an Australian journalist working in Fleet Street, Edward Honey. At about the same time, a South African statesman made a similar proposal to the British Cabinet, which endorsed it. King George V personally requested all the people of the British Empire to suspend normal activities for two minutes on the hour of the armistice "which stayed the world wide carnage of the four preceding years and marked the victory of Right and Freedom." The two minutes' silence was popularly adopted and it became a central feature of commemorations on Armistice Day.
On the second anniversary of the armistice, 11 November 1920, the commemoration was given added significance when it became a funeral, with the return of the remains of an unknown soldier from the battlefields of the Western Front. Unknown soldiers were interred with full military honours in Westminster Abbey in London and at the Arc de Triumph in Paris. The entombment in London attracted over one million people within a week to pay their respects at the unknown soldier's tomb. Most other allied nations adopted the tradition of entombing unknown soldiers over the following decade.
After the end of World War II, the Australian and British governments changed the name to Remembrance Day. Armistice Day was no longer an appropriate title for a day which would commemorate all war dead.
In Australia on the 75th anniversary of the armistice, 11 November 1993, Remembrance Day ceremonies again became the focus of national attention. On that day the remains of an unknown Australian soldier, exhumed from a First World War military cemetery in France, were ceremonially entombed in the Australian War Memorial. Remembrance Day ceremonies were conducted simultaneously in towns and cities all over the country, culminating at the moment of burial at 11 am and coinciding with the traditional two minutes' silence. This ceremony, which touched a chord across the Australian nation, re-established Remembrance Day as a significant day of commemoration.
Four years later, in November 1997, the Governor-General, Sir William Deane, issued a proclamation formally declaring 11 November Remembrance Day and urging all Australians to observe one minute's silence at 11 am on 11 November each year to remember those who died or suffered for Australia's cause in all wars and armed conflicts.
They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old;
Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn.
At the going down of the sun and in the morning
We will remember them.
*** information taken from Australian war Memorial site for non commercial use in accordance with their copyright notice, no copyright breach has occurred ***
CPH-R From Denmark, joined May 2001, 6537 posts, RR: 3
Reply 5, posted (13 years 6 months 2 weeks 6 days 5 hours ago) and read 3319 times:
I was in the middle of my mid-therm written exams, when I noticed that it was 11 AM. So I stopped for a minute to reflect on the 2 world wars, and what they have meant for the people who fought in them or who were simply unfortunate to be living in the middle of it.
AC320 From , joined Dec 1969, posts, RR:
Reply 7, posted (13 years 6 months 2 weeks 6 days 3 hours ago) and read 3289 times:
She described the ceremony as an horrific experience, particularly when four vintage aircraft flew overhead and cannons were fired to mark the occasion.
"I just broke down and wept (at) the lies, the glorification," she said. "And when the planes flew overhead, the cannons, something broke inside me. I just wept."
Wow sounds like this woman needs a good old-fashioned beating from every veteran and enlisted person out there, followed by lengthy exploratory brain surgery until doctors find out exactly why she's a loon, where her sense of reality is, and attempt to locate some sense.
GDB From United Kingdom, joined May 2001, 13605 posts, RR: 76
Reply 10, posted (13 years 6 months 2 weeks 4 days 11 hours ago) and read 3202 times:
Two years ago, 'anti-capitalist' protestors defaced the Cenotaph in London on May Day, a year later they were all kept hemmed in by police and they bitched and wondered why they were so restricted.
Should have set the Gurkhas on that lot in 2000.
ADG From , joined Dec 1969, posts, RR:
Reply 11, posted (13 years 6 months 2 weeks 4 days 10 hours ago) and read 3191 times:
I'm watching the "anti-globalisation" protesters on TV right now. A mixed bunch. You have your cowardly "cover our face" types who obviously don't feel enough for their cause to stand up for it. You have the girly types who are dancing and chanting around looking pretty silly and you have those who are just in it for the fight.
In reality, these people achieve nothing. Defacing and damagine property doesn't help their cause and doesn't give their cause any credibility. People who protest violently aren't there to support a cause, they're there to support their personality disorder.
ADG From , joined Dec 1969, posts, RR:
Reply 12, posted (13 years 6 months 2 weeks 4 days 8 hours ago) and read 3179 times:
Well I note today the Australian Greens have issued an apology and have distanced themselves from the "wailing hag", she's become a bit of an icon for ridicule in Australia as no one has spoken up to justify her actions.