Sponsor Message:
Aviation Technical / Operations Forum
My Starred Topics | Profile | New Topic | Forum Index | Help | Search 
Ground Power  
User currently offlineA/c train From United Kingdom, joined Jun 2001, 501 posts, RR: 3
Posted (15 years 1 month 2 weeks 5 days 20 hours ago) and read 2481 times:

Why do we use 115V a.c on most airliners today, but on the Jet Provost we only use 28V d.c, but you get 28V D.C from the utility bus on airliners, what does a utility bus do? We put 115 v a.c into the GP bus, right? I ask this cause at college on the J P we use 28 V d.c and yet when I go out on the line for airliners with an engineer we use 115 V a.c into the GP bus, someone please unscramble this,

2 replies: All unread, jump to last
User currently offlineChdmcmanus From United States of America, joined Mar 2001, 374 posts, RR: 2
Reply 1, posted (15 years 1 month 2 weeks 5 days 19 hours ago) and read 2455 times:

Hello A/C, I don't know the specific equipment you are working on, but this is from my experience.

The acft power is actually a range, usually 110-120 vAC, 3 phase, ABC rotation, 400 Hz. The AC electrical equipment used this as needed, some only need one phase, some all three. Radios and transmitting devices often need both AC and DC power to operate normally. The valves and electric pumps on acft are also designated for specific operating qualities, and require both.

An AC powered motor has low starting torque, high HP, and more efficient power use, but is generally a uni-directional motor. In order to vary speed and direction, you have to modify the phase and rotation sequence. These are most often found as fuel and hyd pumps.

DC powered motors have much higher starting torque, but are less efficient and generate more heat. However, simply varying the voltage and polarity in a switch can change their speed and direction. These motors are most often found in linear actuators and valves. The additional factor to a DC motor is battery or emergency backup.

Most engine ignition and starting valves are also DC. This provides additional battery capabilities for starting at outline bases and emergency air starts when AC power may not be available.

Most GPU's use a 6 pin receptacle, AC phase A, B, C, and ground, plus a two "safety pins" that are closed when connected to an acft to tell the GPU its safe to close the contactor and allow AC power to the Acft. The DC power is then supplied through TR's (we talked about them earlier). Smaller Acft often use an "E" pin connector, which is DC. It has three pins, +, -, and safety contactor. This usually provides enough power for the instruments and to start the motors. The required power type is based on the generation capabilities of the on-board generators, and so dictates the required power on the ground.

I don't know why 115vAC or 28vDC was chosen, but it has become the airline standard, and my acft calls the DC busses the "Isolated, Essential, and Main DC busses",
so I apologize for not answering your question specifically, but I hope this helps!

Work Safe,

"Never trust a clean Crew Chief"
User currently offlineA/c train From United Kingdom, joined Jun 2001, 501 posts, RR: 3
Reply 2, posted (15 years 1 month 2 weeks 5 days 19 hours ago) and read 2442 times:

Yeah, it all helps, information taught to me from guys who have been there and done it all helps me to build up my knowledge, there's never nothing an aircraft engineer doesn't know, that's what makes it so interesting!
I bet when you saw the topic section change you thought I was going to have a moan at you for not awnsering the question ! theres to much nastiness in this forum for me to start!
 Big grin

Top Of Page
Forum Index

Reply To This Topic Ground Power
No username? Sign up now!

Forgot Password? Be reminded.
Remember me on this computer (uses cookies)
  • Tech/Ops related posts only!
  • Not Tech/Ops related? Use the other forums
  • No adverts of any kind. This includes web pages.
  • No hostile language or criticizing of others.
  • Do not post copyright protected material.
  • Use relevant and describing topics.
  • Check if your post already been discussed.
  • Check your spelling!
Add Images Add SmiliesPosting Help

Please check your spelling (press "Check Spelling" above)

Similar topics:More similar topics...
28 VDC Ground Power & Soft Start posted Thu Nov 17 2005 00:21:51 by MissedApproach
Ground Power Not Working posted Tue Dec 23 2003 11:20:58 by Citrusrsw
Ground Power posted Sun Apr 8 2001 21:20:25 by A/c train
Ground Power Unit posted Fri Jan 26 2001 13:31:58 by Chopper
Ground Crew Size By Airline posted Thu Nov 23 2006 06:03:45 by Kearney
Winglets And Ground Effect posted Mon Nov 6 2006 16:23:55 by BAe146QT
Differential Power Setting (photo) posted Sat Nov 4 2006 09:26:39 by Zarniwoop
MCD & Ground Runs posted Sat Oct 28 2006 06:38:11 by HAWK21M
Ground Effect's Effect On Bodies? posted Mon Sep 25 2006 02:03:22 by Lehpron
Citation Becomes A Power Boat posted Sat Sep 2 2006 17:06:19 by Sudden

Sponsor Message:
Printer friendly format