Musang From United Kingdom, joined Apr 2001, 793 posts, RR: 7 Reply 5, posted (12 years 7 months 1 week 6 days 6 hours ago) and read 2754 times:
Usually EGGD but not always. Its the country the aircraft is registered in, which is not always the airline's home.
Examples abound. Singapore Airlines for a time operated a 707 registered ET-ACQ, it belonged to Ethiopian and was on lease. Philippine Airlines 747-200s were all US registered if I remember correctly, as they were owned by a leasing company in the States. CityFlyer at Gatwick operated a Brit Air ATR 42 for several months with a French registration.
I believe in Colombia's case, an X is added to the registration to show that the aircraft is leased from abroad.
Just as ships are often registered under the Liberian flag regardless of which nationality they are, there are sometimes financial advantages to registering the aircraft in some foreign state, under a "flag of convenience". Sometimes the leasing company, the outright owner, will require it to be registered in their home country. Sometimes its a short term lease and the paperwork/expense involved in transferring ownership isn't worth the effort.
AJ From Australia, joined Nov 1999, 2380 posts, RR: 26 Reply 8, posted (12 years 7 months 1 week 4 days 20 hours ago) and read 2705 times:
Registrations can become confusing. Many carriers lease aircraft that can carry registrations other than their own countries for two reasons. The first is that it is a short term lease so it is not worth regegitering the aircraft, the second is that the lease company and/or insurance company does not recognise the airworthiness authorities in that nation, therefore their aircraft remain on another register.
Srbmod From United States of America, joined Mar 2001, 17271 posts, RR: 51 Reply 9, posted (12 years 7 months 6 days 6 hours ago) and read 2686 times:
In alot of cases, you will see aircraft operating in far flung parts of the world with registration of a country on the other side of the globe. In many cases, these airlines will lease planes from companies, and they will keep the registration the same. Frontier Airlines has a 737-300 that still carries the rego from its Irish lessor (EI-CHH); many Aeromexico, Mexicana, and Air Jamaica planes carry U.S. registrations. In a lot of cases, they retain the registration because the aircraft is wet-leased from another airline.
Panman From Trinidad and Tobago, joined Aug 1999, 790 posts, RR: 0 Reply 11, posted (12 years 7 months 6 days 4 hours ago) and read 2683 times:
All aircraft (of contracting members of ICAO) are required by ICAO to carry nationality and registration marks. The nationality markings tell which country the aircraft is from - the registration markings are for record keeping. N is the nationality marking of aircraft from the USA, everything else is the aircraft's registration. Likewise VH is the nationality marking of Australian aircraft, everything after the - is the registration marking.
Without these markings, legally speaking, an aircraft can not fly over the territories of an ICAO contracting member (at least without prior commision and they may take miles of red tape).
For countries which are not contracting members they may (by agreement) use the nationality code (and thus register aircraft) of a contracting member as a "flag of convenience". This will allow them the freedom of flying over the territories of contracting ICAO member countries.
Just because an aircraft is owned in a specific country (which is a contracting member) does not mean that the aircraft has to be registered in that country. By becoming an ICAO contracting member the country has agreed to let all approapriately registered aircraft from other contracting members have the right of flight within their borders/territories.
There is an interesting twist to this due to the FAAs safety oversight program. The FAA gives countries rankings according to how safe they are (maybe someone else can expand on that and how the rankings are defined). I THINK that there are 4 ratings with 1 being the highest and 4 being the lowest. The rating that you get governs whether new routes can be opened/new aircraft used.
Countries with the lower ratings cannot operate newly purchased aircraft into the USA or it's territories. Thus to get around this they register new aircraft in another country (obviously has to be a ICAO contracting member) - or lease them and leave the aircraft registered under the lessor.
Hope this little piece of the complexities of Air Legislation was useful.