TechRep From , joined Dec 1969, posts, RR: Reply 1, posted (11 years 10 months 3 weeks 2 days 19 hours ago) and read 3926 times:
Well a quick answer would be the system monitors and corrects the RPM and phase relationship between the left/right propellers to reduce noise and vibration.
Beyond that the system gets a little complicated. Having never worked on propeller aircraft other than a short stint working OV-10's in the Air force, it took me quite a while to understand the complicated workings and relationships that sophisticated Propeller aircraft employ. If you would like I can try to explain it here now. Having attended a 2-week Hartzell Propeller course in Ohio this is what I came away with.
The system I work on employs two modes or is called "dual control" as explained above. RPM tuning is designed to maintain both propellers at one of the two selected speeds. Cruise or Climb and these two speeds are programmed into the Syncrophaser Computer. When the Condition levers (RPM) contact a micro-switch, called capture range, for a set amount of time, in the case of the Do328 it is 7-8 seconds I believe, it compares the two values via a Hall effect sensor. This hall effect sensor is basically an engine RPM pickup sensor similarly used in automobiles. The syncrophaser can alter the RPM +or-3%.
Phase relationship is the other operating mode it basically monitors and compares the phase relationship between the two propellers. A microprocessor generated clock signal is used to determine the amount of phase error. A syncrophasing coil mounted on the Constant Speed Unit of the engine will change one propeller speed slightly to be in exact phase with the other prop. In a nut shell you wont get that humm humm humm sound, like on C-130's. This system is basically passenger comfort.
I hope this was helpful, it fully took me 7 months to finally understand propeller theory and operation, so if it doesn't sink in don't sweat it.
Diego From Italy, joined Apr 2001, 135 posts, RR: 0 Reply 5, posted (11 years 10 months 3 weeks 5 hours ago) and read 3827 times:
Hi buddy the prop synchrophaser is designed to match the rpm of a slave engine to the rpm of a master engine in order to keep as down as possible the noise resulting from an improper prop setting. The synchrophaser system basically consists of two generators, of a control box and of a control panel set in the cockpit. The output of the generators, one for each engine, varies according to the setting of the respective engine, current fluctuations are then relaied to the control box that senses the difference between the two signals and adjusts the pilot valve of the slave engine so as to change the pitch setting, increasing or decreasing the prop induced drag and thus increasing or decreasing the rpm, until the two signals are equalized. The control panel includes an ON/OFF switch and a light that comes on when the synchrophaser is setting the props. Since the system has a limited range of action before engaging it it is necessary to manually set the props, normally we turn the system on during the after takeoff checklist and turn it off every time we reset the power, during the final approach checklist and in an engine failure.
Hope this helps REGARDS DIEGO