Ralgha From United States of America, joined Nov 1999, 1614 posts, RR: 6
Reply 5, posted (13 years 2 months 4 weeks 1 day 8 hours ago) and read 3188 times:
Heading 070 means turn until your heading indicator shows you facing 70 degrees magnetic. Different types of airplanes use different types of heading indicators, but they all show magnetic headings.
Radial 070 is a bit more complicated. I'll assume that you don't know much about VOR stations in the following explanation, if you do know much about it, overlook what you already know
A VOR station is basically a radio transmitter. A typical station, physically, is a low, round building, with a large cone shaped antenna sticking up out of the center, and a series of small antennas around the top perimeter of the building.
VOR stands for VHF Omnidirectional Range. The VOR station projects (transmits) straight line courses (radials) in all directions. Imagine a bicycle wheel, the VOR station is the hub, and the radials are the spokes (though in reality there are infinatly many radials).
For navigation purposes, we are only concerned with the radials that correspond to whole degrees, and we number them starting with 1, which is the radial that goes away from the VOR in the direction that is 1 degree east of magnetic north. We then number each radial according to it's corresponding degree value (from magnetic north).
Therefore, radial 070 is the radial that has a direction 70 degrees east of magnetic north, starting at the VOR station and proceeding away from it.
N766AS From , joined Dec 1969, posts, RR:
Reply 7, posted (13 years 2 months 4 weeks 1 day 5 hours ago) and read 3172 times:
My understanding is that ATC doesn't usually direct an aircraft to fly an odd heading (as opposed to a rounded heading, i.e. 160), such as 068. They just round it up to 070... For short distances, two degrees won't make much of a difference anyway.
Timz From United States of America, joined Sep 1999, 6694 posts, RR: 7
Reply 8, posted (13 years 2 months 4 weeks 14 hours ago) and read 3165 times:
... I guess it's pretty common for the STAR to show a final track along a radial and the controllers to assign a heading instead. You recall that Modesto arrivals into SFO are invariably told to depart CEDES heading 230 or whatever, and HADLY arrivals usually depart HADLY heading 360, etc.