Also, the F-14 has EXCELLENT short field capabilities... albeit when hooked up to a steam catapult, or hooking the 3rd wire on the back of a carrier.
The Tomcat's primary mission when designed was fleet defense, hence the long-range Phoenix missiles and radar system to accquire and track up to 6 targets. However in the post-Cold War military the plane is having a hard time. The F/A-18 Hornet and the new F/A-18 E/F Super Hornet is a jack of all trades mutli-role fighter/attack aircraft. They have adapted the Tomcat to do some attack missions, but it is an expensive aircraft to keep up.
The F-15 was designed as the USAF's primary interceptor aircraft, but also does well in close air-to-air stuff, and has adapted very well to the ground attack role.
Stop drop and roll will not save you in hell. --- seen on a church marque in rural Virginia