At my small, private high school, only French and Spanish is offered. However, at my local public school, the array of language courses includes Spanish, French, Japanese, Mandarin Chinese, Latin, Greek, and German.
I think a few people have deciphered the reason for the *assumed* lack of priority of foreign languages in the American high school system. Quite simply, there are many students in the United States who realistically will have no need to learn a foreign language (other than the one or two or even three they may inherently know), depending on their socioeconomic status and/or geographic location. Conversely, in Europe, many, many people live within striking distance of multiple language regions. Therefore, emphasis on learning multiple foreign languages in school exists. This, I think, is the prime reason why foreign language programs in American schools are perceived as so backward by Europeans. Simply put, Europeans are used to a greater concentration on foreign languages in school, and are surprised when they see a school system which is not identical to theirs. On the other hand, The general nature of European high school science and math programs utterly pale in comparison to those in the United States. To each their own, I guess.
For those who actually have the need, language programs in the United States are very accommodating, and very intensive. I have travelled extensively throughout my youth, to Asia and Europe. I have been to France six times, and been able to communicate very well at that, and I know that I didn't learn the language itself on the streets of Paris. In addition, if I wanted to take another language, I could very easily sign up for a course at my local community college or state university. It's that simple.
Lastly, when considering the diversity of foreign languages available in schools, one must consider the economics of the choice. In the American environment, schools are only going to offer languages to students who are going to be able to use them sometime in the future. Therefore, nobody in the right mind is going to offer or take Urdu, or Pashto, or even Tagalog and Swedish....there just isn't the market.