"Could it be possible that sometime in the future that the U.N. could send weapons inspectors to the U.S?
Maybe not necessarily UN inspectors, but in this light you might be interested to know the following I posted sometime ago on this same board.
In 1993 the US signed the Chemical Weapons Convention, and this was ratitied in 1997. One of the important control-elements of this Convention is that third-party Member Countries can require an inspection to be carried out in another country. The most reliable tool for this are the so called "challenge inspections", which are, like we have seen in the Iraq inspection process, suprise inspections. Needless to say that access should be given without conditions nor delay. This is all very reasonable and thus the US ratified this convention in 1997.
However, the US in 1998, approved a special Law on this issue:
The US "Chemical Weapons Convention Implementation Act of 1998" (Public Law 105-277) says the following:
"SEC. 303. AUTHORITY TO CONDUCT INSPECTIONS.
(a) Prohibition.--No inspection of a plant, plant site, or other facility or location in the United States shall take place under the Convention without the authorization of the United States National Authority in accordance with the requirements of this title."
This means that any request by any State Party of the Convention for a "challenge inspection" can be overruled the United States National Authority.
Furtheron we read:
"2) United states government representatives.--The United States National Authority shall coordinate the designation of employees of the Federal Government to accompany members of an inspection team of the Technical Secretariat and, in doing so, shall ensure that--
(A) a special agent of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, as designated by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, accompanies each inspection team visit pursuant to paragraph (1);
(B) no employee of the Environmental Protection Agency or the Occupational Safety and Health Administration accompanies any inspection team visit conducted pursuant to paragraph (1); and
(C) the number of duly designated representatives shall be kept to the minimum necessary."
In other words, in case the United States National Authority grants permission for an inspection to be carried out, those inspectors shall always be accompanied by employees of the Federal Government and a Special Agent of the FBI.
Its interesting that no US Environmental Protection Agency or Occupational Safety and Health Administration personnel are allowed at these sites. Makes on wonder...
There's more interesting stuff:
"(3) Content of notice.--
(A) In general.--The notice under paragraph (1) shall include all appropriate information supplied by the Technical Secretariat to the United States National Authority concerning--
(i) the type of inspection;
(ii) the basis for the selection of the plant, plant site, or other facility or location for the type of inspection sought;
(iii) the time and date that the inspection will begin and the period covered by the inspection; and
(iv) the names and titles of the inspectors.
(B) Special rule for challenge inspections.--In the case of a challenge inspection pursuant to Article IX of the Convention, the notice shall also include all appropriate evidence or reasons provided by the requesting state party to the Convention for seeking the inspection."
In plain English, "challenge inspections" in the US must be notified beforehand, and, as normal inspections, must be permitted by the United States National Authority. All other countries which have also signed this Convention without such extreme limitations, can be inspected, for example upon request of the US, without prior notification. When any other member of the Convention wishes to execute the Conventions' right on "challenge inspections" on US soil, the inspectors have to informe beforehand WHEN
they will be visiting WHAT
Since the US states they no longer have such weapons, given the above, one can only guess the validity of such statements.