Well, allow me to defend some of my choices:
Russian Federation - I believe Russia will stay a military power as their nation stabilizes and, perhaps, exploitation of mineral reserves begins, thus funnelling some much needed money into the Russian defense system. When the USSR
fell, the Russian/Soviet military had a ton of designs on the boards that would definitely have closed the technological gap between Warsaw Pact and NATO forces. As of right now, those designs are a generation behind in some cases and still current generation in others. The money to be made on export sales alone would cause the Russians to stay a major military power/manufacturer
The EU - As we've all seen, the Europeans have traditionally formed coalitions and alliances to build aircraft, Airbus in the case of civilian passenger liners, but more particularly the consortiums that built the Jaguar, Tornado, and the Typhoon, points to the ability of the Europeans to cobble together disparate weapons programs and disparate needs and create an aircraft that, while not being the best in any one area, is a decent all-around aircraft. It is imaginable that the European Union will soon band together as a single group to produce its weapons systems, in order to reduce costs for otherwise expensive weapons systems and to increase commonality among NATO partners. Thus, the EU would be functioning as a nation-state in the realm of defense. Economically the EU, of course, generates a great amount of wealth as four members of the EU, Italy, Britain, France, and Germany, are members of the G8
. Combine technological know-how with money and a history of working together for common defense goals, and I believe the EU can become a military power
India - (God help me if Roy reads this) India's in the midst of attempting to, without a shadow of a doubt, move to becoming a big boy on the block military, especially in regards to their Navy, the traditional yardstick of a military power, as they wish to form the nucleus of an actual blue-water navy. The Indians have repeatedly expressed interest in the purchase or construction of an aircraft carrier that would far outstrip the abilities of the Viraat
and have (on again/off again) expressed desire to purchase the Admiral Gorshkov
, a first step towards a blue water carrier force. Not only that, we've seen them in the past 10 years alone, commission the Delhi
-class destroyers, the Talwar
-class frigates, the Brahmaputra
-class frigates, the Kukhri
-class corvettes, take on delivery of a few Kilo
-class boats as well as the Shishumar
-class boats. Now the Indians are getting delivery of French-built boats and begin to express interest in having SSNs and, perhaps a few SSBNs. That's a fairly major build-up/fleet-modernization cycle. I'd say given 50 years of continued economic growth and the Indians will definitely be a major military power checked only by the US in the Indian Ocean.
South Carolina - too small to be its own country, too big to be a mental asylum.