planespotterx
Posts: 1259
Joined: Wed Oct 10, 2001 1:34 am

No Active Volcanoes In Europe...

Sun May 30, 2004 9:32 am

No Active volcanoes in Europe, think again, Ive been doing some research, and Ive found a staggering number of ACTIVE volcanoes in Europe, many of which were in some surprising areas.

Ill start off with the obvious ones..
Iceland
Italy
Greece
Canary Is (not really European, but Spanish anyway.)
Azores

Now for the ones I didnt even know were there..
France
Germany
Holland
Spain (mainland)

Lol crazy to think many French people dont even realise that in Clermont-Ferrand theres an Active volcano (Technically its Dormant) , last erupted Just 5000 years ago.
Then theres Germany in the Southern hills, not much of a threat to a city, but being near a nuclear power station doesnt help.
Holland, I had to question this twice, but Im believed that its true, Somewhere in Holland is a Dormant volcano, last erupted before the Ice-age, until the land was sunk, and the volacno has laid dormant ever since.
Finally theres Spain, in the Pyrenees theres a Volcano thats been there since the whole of southern France was uplifted, its classed as a "Shield" volcano, but due to weathering only 1/2 of the volcano is still here today.

I hope I may have "educated" a few people who werent in the know, Im into Geology and similar subjects, other than aviation.

Thanks for reading anyway..
Its not the fall that kills u, its the sudden stop at the end..
 
MD11Engineer
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RE: No Active Volcanoes In Europe...

Sun May 30, 2004 10:35 am

Plansspotterx,

The region in Germany you are refering to is the Eifel (just were the formula 1 race will be held this weekend). There is an active hotspot (magma channel)underground from beneath Luxemburg going northeast past Trier towards the river Rhine and ending around the town of Neu-Wied. In the Eifel you will find a lot of circular lakes, about a few hundred yards diameter. Many of them bubble with carbondioxide. Also you will find pillars of basalt, were the softer sedimantal rock around has reoded away. The lakes are former craters, while the basalt pillars are thwe former magma cores of vulcanoes.The last eruption in this area happened about tenthousand years ago and the earth isn´t quiet yet. There are lots of small earthquakes happening. The earthquake zone spreads up north into the Dutch province of Limburg and North Brabant.
Another earthquake zone in Germany is the upper Rhine trench, an area where two tectonic plates rub against each other. There was an earthquake in the early 70s, which destroyed part of Hohenzollern Castle as well as some houses in villages around. Some of my classmates back in elementary school in Berlin (about 800 km away) woke up during the night and saw their lamps shaking and books moving. I slept through it. The problem is that there are several nuclear power stations in this area.

BTW, the castle mountain of Edinburgh in Scotland is a dormant vulcano. Also, AFAIK, the Massiv Central in France is a former vulcano range. And the scariest vulcano in Europe is the Vesuvius. First, it´s lava is very acidic (has a high silicium content)and therefore very viscous, which permits high pressures to be built up (when the vulcano erupts, it tends to erupt with a huge explosion, unlike e,g. Mauna Kea in Hawaii or the Etna, where the lava is alkaline and liquid, so that eventual overpressures get equalised quite fast before the whole mountain explodes), and because the cities of Naples and Herculaneo have grown all around it. There are more than a million people living right on the slopes of this mountain. I did a non-tourist guided tour around and into the crater two years ago and got told by the guide that the scientists who are watching this mountain can give a warning of maybe ten days before an eruption. much to short to evacuate the city and to secure the valuable (factories etc.).

Jan
Je Suis Charlie et je suis Ahmet aussi
 
planespotterx
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RE: No Active Volcanoes In Europe...

Sun May 30, 2004 9:49 pm

Thanks MD11 engineer for verifying some info for me, I didnt know much about the German situation (apart from what ive read on the net), I agree with the Edinburgh Castle theory, (It still being dormant, not extict) because ive noticed there's been a rise in quakes in Scotland over the past few years, The Isle Of Skye has a exposion crater nearby, and theres a Island off Scotland that was once active.
Its so amazing how theres "potential" for a massive quake to hit northern Europe, and nobody does anything about it, for me the Manchester quakes and the one in Dudley was a wake-up call, even if they were "tiny" in comparison to most quakes, they were still big enougth to cause structural damage.
Infact what most people dont realise is that Manchester fell 1inch lower due to the quakes, because of the land its built on.
I personally cant wait for Hekla to erupt again in Iceland, just to see the climatic effects it would have on the UK.
BTW Ive visited Vesuvius last year, magnificent volcano, Im definitely going again to the crater, got a few rock samples im still analising from there.
Its not the fall that kills u, its the sudden stop at the end..
 
EGGD
Posts: 11880
Joined: Sat Feb 24, 2001 12:01 am

RE: No Active Volcanoes In Europe...

Sun May 30, 2004 9:59 pm

Whoever said there were no active volcanoes in Europe?

I have some pictures here owned by my dad taken from the Envisat satellite when Mt. Etna erupted in October 20002. Pretty cool, I think this is one of the first things Envisat produced images of after being put into orbit.

Care to inform us of the location of the active Volcano in the Netherlands?
 
MD11Engineer
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Joined: Sun Oct 26, 2003 5:25 am

RE: No Active Volcanoes In Europe...

Mon May 31, 2004 12:14 am

You know that the great glen in Scotland is actualy just a part of a geological fault line reaching well into Norway?
EGGD, I think he means the magma plume (hot spot) which is site in the border area of Belgium, Luxemburg, Germany and the southern Limburg province of the Hetherlands.

Jan
Je Suis Charlie et je suis Ahmet aussi
 
keno
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RE: No Active Volcanoes In Europe...

Mon May 31, 2004 12:38 am

Crazy to think many French people dont even realise that in Clermont-Ferrand theres an Active volcano (Technically its Dormant)

That's actually where the mineral water brand "Volvic" come from. I've seen the advertisement on tv many times.
 
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Aloha717200
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RE: No Active Volcanoes In Europe...

Mon May 31, 2004 12:55 am

Someone would have to be very lacking in knowledge to claim that europe had no active volcanoes. Look no further than Siciliy to find one of the most active in the world. And technically, isn't Iceland part of Europe too? They have active volcanoes.
 
Jaspike
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RE: No Active Volcanoes In Europe...

Mon May 31, 2004 12:57 am

No Active Volcanoes In Europe...
Ill start off with the obvious ones..
Iceland
Italy
Greece
Canary Is (not really European, but Spanish anyway.)
Azores


Then there are some in Europe!  Laugh out loud

Some good photos of volcanoes in the database..  Big thumbs up


View Large View Medium
Click here for bigger photo!

Photo © Patrick Lutz
View Large View Medium
Click here for bigger photo!

Photo © Patrick Lutz



..in Europe  Smile

Tom
 
pelican
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RE: No Active Volcanoes In Europe...

Mon May 31, 2004 2:35 am

Iceland is direct above the zone in which the European-Asian plate and the American plate meet each other. So you can say that Iceland is with one part in Europe and with the other in America.
The two plates move away (the Atlantic is still growing) and this creates a gap which is constantly filled with Magma, therefore Iceland is in an area of high volcanic activity.
BTW Europe has many geological fault lines like the Oberrheingraben (which is part of a great fault line reaching from Marseille to Oslo) where the European-Asian plate break asunder.

pelican
 
EGGD
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RE: No Active Volcanoes In Europe...

Mon May 31, 2004 3:28 am

EGGD, I think he means the magma plume (hot spot) which is site in the border area of Belgium, Luxemburg, Germany and the southern Limburg province of the Netherlands.


Yeah I know, but i'd just say it was an area of volcanic activity rather than a Volcano itself.

I wouldn't call the fault line running through Iceland a Volcano either. It is an extremely cool place though  Smokin cool
 
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BO__einG
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RE: No Active Volcanoes In Europe...

Mon May 31, 2004 6:54 am

I don't think Iceland does have actual Volcanoes.
They are 30-40km of constantly unstable fissure lines which spurt out stuff from tiem to time.

And does anybody know any more info about Surtsey? Icelands new Island?

The Canary Island volcano system is something I worry. In Day After Tomorrow how billions of people are threatened by Global Warming and how all the effects and the demonstrations of the danger is greatly exaggerated, the Canary Island threat however is Very VERY real.
The thing is that if the volcanoe there (Which is active) erupts one more time.
Experts will expect the entire western flank of the volcano (40% if the Island) To collapse and fall into the Atlantic ocean. So picture that huge record breaking Flank collapse of St. Helens in 1980 taking place at the Canary Island.

The result.. 100' waves slamming the entire eastern seaboard.

Otherwise the volcanoes that are really active in Europe and are considered to be the cool ones to see are Etna, Stromboli, Vesuvius, and Tambora. I really like to check out the action during nightime.

Follow @kimbo_snaps on Instagram or bokimon- on Flickr to see more pics of me and my travels.
 
planesarecool
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RE: No Active Volcanoes In Europe...

Mon May 31, 2004 7:06 am

Surtsey was formed on a Constructive plate boundary, where the two Oceanic plates were moving apart from each other which causes a thin spot of crust and generally brings magma up from the mantle. However magma 2 miles underneath the sea isn't going to have much affect. Generally constructive plate boundaries are the least effective because the water pressure from the Ocean doesn't allow the Magma very far out the ground.

I'm not 100% how Surtsey was formed, but i'm guessing the build up of ash and magma under the sea eventually reached the surface to form an "island."

The threat from the Canary islands is real, however in 1998 they were predicting an eruption in 2001 which would have caused this disaster. When or If this does occur, waves will spread from the islands at a pace of about 500mph, so it will those under threat much time to get away, expecially if it goes in the middle of the night.

-Stephen
 
pelican
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RE: No Active Volcanoes In Europe...

Mon May 31, 2004 8:56 am

The thing is that if the volcanoe there (Which is active) erupts one more time.

Hmm, which volcano do you mean? All of the western Canary Islands have active volcanoes. I guess you mean La Palma. Indeed the Island has a big breach and a huge part of the Island could slide in the ocean. But nobody knows how many eruptions are necessary before the big landslide will happen. It's possible that only one more eruption is needed but it is also possible that La Palma will endure the next 5 eruptions. Fortunately eruptions on La Palma occur not very often. So I would care about thinks I can change - it's impossible to prevent an eruption of such a massive volcano - 6500m above the ocean floor).

I don't think Iceland does have actual Volcanoes.

Think again.







pelican

edit: source: http://volcano.und.nodak.edu/ and http://www.reisefuehrer-island.de

[Edited 2004-05-31 01:59:20]

[Edited 2004-05-31 02:21:30]
 
CON207
Posts: 284
Joined: Mon Dec 08, 2003 4:33 am

RE: No Active Volcanoes In Europe...

Wed Jun 02, 2004 5:21 am

Oh my! There are active volcanoes in Europe.

Etna... Probably the most active of all
Stomboli... Known by sailors as the 'Lighthouse of the Mediterranean'
Vesuvius... Last erupted in 1944 but it is rumbling away deep within.
Vulcano.. .. Still rumbling away

These are just a few

Regards CON207
 Smokin cool
Being ill sucks. Never take life for granted!!
 
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BO__einG
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RE: No Active Volcanoes In Europe...

Wed Jun 02, 2004 3:47 pm

Okay with Iceland, I guess there is a volcano.. It is called Grimsvotn and is the most active volcano in Iceland. A giant caldera steaming from time to time with a few eruptions. The Laki fissure is the huge 27km long network of erupting zones with over 100 craters.

The Big Canary Island.. (La Palma) was the one i meant where the future threat would take place at.

Chain des Puys.. Does anybody have more info about this?
I know it is somewhere in France and used to be an ancient volcanic area with chains of old volcanoes now extinct.

Ireland also has an ancient fissure crack called Antrim Plateau. Interesting Basalt remanants from the old days.
Follow @kimbo_snaps on Instagram or bokimon- on Flickr to see more pics of me and my travels.

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