It seems that many East Germans have a problem with the flerxibility demanded in the modern world (Don´t flame me, guys, but I did my apprenticeship in the East at SXF
in the old Interflug maintenance facility, now Lufthansa, and I used to live for several years in East Berlin, Lichtenberg in a Plattenbausiedlung,, after the wall came down, so I think I know what I´m talking about).
About one year before we finished our apprenticeships, Lufthansa made public that they wanted to move all 737 D-checks to Shannon, Ireland. The base in SXF
would from then on only do c-checks and the number of staff would be drastically reduced (they laid off about 300 people). Of course we didn´t stand a chance of getting employed in Germany, not freshly out of an apprenticeship, with so many much more experienced mechanics on the dole. There were some discussions among us. Five of us (me one of them), all in their late twenties, decided to try our luck and to mover to Ireland, just to get a job (Shannon Aerospace Ltd. was looking for mechanics), but most of the guys rather wanted to go on the dole than moving out of their village and small towns (Königswusterhausen, Zossen... all small places south of Berlin) and away from their friends and family. Did they realise that, without any real working experience, they would never get a job?
There are vacant positions in Bavaria, Northrhine-Westfalia, Baden-Würtemberg, but most unemployed people in the East expect to have thir dream job to appear right in front of their homes.
Another thing is that apparently those Hartz IV
reforms are facilitating the discovery of social-welfare cheats. Before dole money and social welfare were handed out by different communal, state and federal adminstrations with little communication between each other, making it very easy to play one against the other. A friend of mine is a judge at a social affairs court in my state Northrhine-Westfalia and he told me that he got fed up of Hartz IV
trials. Acc. to him most cases relate to people being caught milking the system, like 20 years unemployed, having a holiday home in Spain and going on vacation 6 times a year. The new rules force unemployyed to declare their property, stating that, if you have property (savings accounts, land, shares) you should use them as well to cover your situation.
Now concerning the NPD, there was a move to get it banned as an organistion acting against the constitution, but there was such a chaos between the different police, intelligence authorities (both state and federal), that the defense could claim that they were acting as agent provocateurs, with one spy reporting about another one.
In public, the NPD states that they support the constitution, incl. democracy, but in private they clearly state that they want to abolish democracy ("too much talk, no acting" sounds familar, doesn´t it?) and to introduce a Führer state. It is not clear though who is supposed to be the Führer. THere are also frictions betweeen the DVU and the Republikaner, both run by right wing (neo fascist) millionaires, each of whom wants to be Hitler´s successor.The "owner" of the Republikaner is a former member of the Waffen-SS.
Fortunately for Germany there is a lot of infighting going on between the different groups. The only Neo-Nazi leader, who had the charisma to unify the groups was a guy called Michael Kühnen, but he was openly gay (like the SA
leader Röhm in the 1920s-30s) and died of aids in the early 90s (many older Nazis rejected him as well because he was gay).
Usually, if elected into a communal or state parliament, the right wing parties make fools out of themselves, because their representatives come usuaslly unprepared to parliamentary sessions and their stereotypical answer is to blame everything on foreigners. Also, usually all democratic parties, from Greens and Socialists to the conservative Christian-Democrats, often agree to shun this group.
The problem is the violence of the supporters of such ultraright parties (after an attack ther party leadership openly distances itself from the criminals, else their party would be banned, but they support violent groups in secret, though hard to prove). I talked to some of them, who told me that they admired Hitler´s Germany, "because then Germany was feared and we could do what we liked", clearly speaking of the late 1930s. What a bunch of idiots!
One thing though is that Germany 2004 is different from Germany 1933. Any take over of a Neo-Nazi party in Germany would probably cause a violent reaction (not to speak of foreign intervention). The military are not as united and supportive as back then, with most soldiers and officers suppporting the social democrats, the same applies to the police. And most civilians would not accept a totalitarian Nazi party to rule the country. Expect a civil war like rebellion.