Just like IFTA. The registration fees are pro-rated and sent to the respective states. Let's say for simplicity's sake that you own and register a truck in WI
. You operate exactly 1/2 of your miles in WI
and 1/2 in IL
's 80,000 Lb. plate fee is just shy of $2000/yr. Illinois's is closer to 3k. At the end of the registration cycle WI
would keep half of their fee (about $1000) and IL
would get the other half of that $1000. But IL
charges more so you'd get a bill for the remaining $500 you owe the good people in the Land of Lincoln. It's the state that owns the plate that is responsible for collecting and distributing fees owed to other states.
If you turn the situation around - where an IL
carrier is operating 1/2 here and 1/2 there they would actually get a refund, because the miles run here are cheaper.
A huge trucking company has operations all over the country, so they can base plate their trucks wherever they please. It boils down to preference at that point. Schneider bases in IL
(most expensive truck registration in the country); they pay a lot for plates up front but will get a refund on virtually all of them. Others, like US Express will base in OK
where the up front plate cost is cheap; they will most likely have to pay in every year.
Exciting, isn't it?
N1120A is a camel-fucking terrorist.