|Quoting kaitak (Thread starter):|
What happened to all of the manufacturers of alcoholic drinks during this era; there are more than a few today which were around at that time - JD, Jim Bean, Coors, etc etc. They must have been hit quite badly.
(a) Were they allowed to export, even if their products could not be sold in the US?
(b) The Prohibition legislation must have caused quite a bit of unemployment as a result of some companies failing, not to mention the suppliers of all the ingredients; given that Prohibition existed around the time of the depression, was the need to create employment a key factor in bringing about the end of Prohibition?
(c) Did a large number of alcoholic drink manufacturers go out of business during this time?
(d) If not related to (b) above, what were the key factors which brought about the end of Prohibition?
A) No, unless for 'medical purposes'.
B) Not really, some just went to work in other growing industries in the 1920's, including a wide range of manufacturing, especially cars. See D for other factors in my opinion.
C) Yes, especially small local hard alcohol, wine makers and especially beer brewers. Some large alcohol makers like National Distillers (a company that existed until broken up in the 1990's) made industrial alcohol or diversived into other chemical products. Coors for example made it's own glass bottles since it started in the 1870's and expanded into making cermaic products, a division they spun off only about 10 years ago. A-B made yeast, bread, malt beverages and until a few years ago still made such products under their brand names or others of companies they bought out. Some companies bottled soda, non-alcohol malted beverages. Some made 'wine blocks', concentrated blocks of dried grapes or sold unpasturized grape juice or grapes for wine as eating grapes, so one only had to find some bottles or corks and crush some grapes or set up the unpasturized juice for a while and viola, one had wine with alcohol. I would note that some Roman Catholic religious orders were allowed to make wine for religous service purposes. More than a few bottles ended up outside of Mass services. Some companies were also allowed to make alcohol products for 'medicinal' purposes, requiring a Doctors prescription and pruchase at a Pharmacy.
D) About the same time as Prohibition ended, we also entered an era where more Government regulation was acceptable. In some countries like the UK, they limited hours of sale, required licenses for producers and sellers of alcohol during WW I to deal with the abuse of alcohol where in our country we went to total national prohibition. In the USA after Prohibition ended, reasonable regulation was created to make the sale legal again. Clearly Prohibition was a failed expirment, the business taken over by criminal syndicats that were violent and made a lot of money mainly led by women and the equivilent of the religious right in the late 19-teens. Their targets were often the big cities, immigrants, the poor (gee, just like today's tea party in a way). That the business continued underground, the government losing badly needed tax income and a need to end Prohibition for sound political reasons and for Democrats to get urban area and immigrant voters led to the eventual end of National Prohibition. I would note that some areas and states had total prohibition until the late 1950's, some counties and near Indian reservatios and most reservations still have prohibition.