|Quoting DocLightning (Reply 2):|
It just seems to happen an awful lot. You know, Deepwater Horizons, etc. It's one thing to talk about what proper design, construction, maintenance, and accountability will do. It's another thing to actually see it carried out.
It doesn't happen an awful lot. Given the number of miles of pipelines and the amount of oil, gas, etc. moved through them - accidents are rarer than many other industries. Deepwater Horizons had nothing to do with pipelines - whole different can of worms.
Now as far as design, construction, maintenance and accountability.
1,200 barrels in the leak from a line which carries 318,000 barrels per day means that the leak was identified quickly and the line shut down quickly. That is accountability. That size leak is on the order of losing less than 1 test tube of a person't blood.
Design is as good as the technology allows when the lines are built. The companies building pipelines want them to last for decades. The cost/ benefit for cheap design and poor maintenance is horrible.
The biggest problem with pipeline maintenance is the people who fight against the companies doing proper maintenance and replacement of sections. They don't want the environmental damage from digging up the pipeline and reconstruction. Or replacement of older pipeline sections with new ones.
The companies are damned if they do proper maintenance, and liable if they don't.
By "We" I assume you mean the United States. It would not be the US exporting crude oil. It would be a country named Canada. Just paying us a fee to transport and refine the oil.
|Quoting DocLightning (Reply 2):|
Keystone is about increasing oil company profits at the expense of Americans. It means that prices of gasoline in this country would go UP (and that's the consensus among economists, you know, those egg-head intellectuals who are actually experts on this stuff) because it would be easier to export crude oil to refineries outside the U.S. That's why even domestic oil refineries were opposing it.
Wrong. US refineries would get as much business as they can handle. The issue in the US isn't really getting enough oil for our refineries - but not having enough refinery capacity to substantially increase our production of products such as gasoline and diesel fuel.
It is easier to export crude to overseas refineries than to build refineries in countries where environmentalists block new construction.
That is why Canada - a major producer of oil - is actually a net importer of gasoline and diesel fuel - with retail prices higher than the US at the pump.
The Keystone pipeline is completed from Canada to Wood River and Patoka Il (on-line June 2010) and to Cushing Oklahoma (on-line Feb 2011) for the transport of synthetic crude oil, there are two extensions currently under construction or planning.
The link form Cushing to Port Arthur and Houston for synthetic crude will be completed before too long. No major issues there.
The fourth phase which is the current controversy is to bring diluted bitumen (a heavy oil soaked sand that must be heated to a few hundred degrees F to transport) to US facilities where it would be refined into synthetic crude, a large portion of which would likely be exported because its cost would be higher than the oil currently supplying US refineries.