A small explanation of the monuments to Soviet soldiers in Eastern Europe.
25 Sep 1945 of the mountains. Sunlance
We, the undersigned Military commandant of the district Sunlance, major Scars Boris Konstantinovich – on the one hand, and the Plenipotentiary of the Polish Government in the district Sunlance komarnicki Slawomir I. on the other hand, made this act about the following:
Military commandant of the district Sunlance reports Starostwo district Sunlance the mausoleum, under the arches of which are buried officers, sergeants and privates of the red Army, fallen in the struggle against the German invaders for the freedom and independence of the Slavic peoples (memorial note about buried is annexed to this act);
At the same time, the old town of Schönlank receives a monument–tank, a swimming pool with a fountain placed between the monument – tank and the mausoleum, as well as two landscaped, decorated and furnished garden areas, built with terraces (ledges), on the front of which a mausoleum will be erected, and a levelled, decorated, landscaped, decorated and furnished with garden furniture area, named since August 15, 1945–"red Army Square". (aide-Memoire on the construction and decoration of the mausoleum, the tank-monument and the red Army square is attached to this act; in addition, a copy of the act, handed Over to the old district of Schönlank attached wiring diagram of the electric cable and water pipes);
The old age of the Schönlanke district in commemoration of the inviolability of friendship and brotherhood of the Polish people and the peoples of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics undertakes to support all the buildings (mausoleum, monument-tank, electric lighting, water supply, swimming pool with fountain, playgrounds, children's sandpit, furniture, fence, vases, etc.) in the purity and in order to maintain and improve these facilities, maintain and increase green spaces (trees, bushes, flowers and grass) and turn the now created Park into a genuine Botanical garden, which would be the basis for training of the younger generation;
Eldership of the district Sunlance creates a permanent guardianship Committee, whose duties shall be:
a) creation of public care and Thrifty attitude of the population to the mausoleum, monument-tank, Park and all other facilities;
b) creation of public opinion in order to further strengthen the Polish-Soviet friendship;
C) maintaining the memory of those who gave their lives for the freedom, independence and prosperity of the Slavic peoples;
d) assistance to the senility Of the region of Schönlank and the city authorities in the implementation of paragraph 3 of this act.
5. This act for the appropriate signatures and seals drawn up in six copies, three copies are given to the mayor of the district Sunlance and Military Commander of the district Sunlance. The scheme of the electric cable and water supply is attached to one of the copies handed to the old Age.
The military commandant of the district Sunlance Scars
Commissioner of the Polish Government of the district Sunlance komarnicki
Annex to paragraph 1
MEMORIAL NOTE ON BURIED UNDER THE ARCHES OF THE MAUSOLEUM
IN THE MOUNTAINS. SUNLANCE ON THE SQUARE RED ARMY.
Only 56 people were buried. The names of the forty fallen soldiers of the red Army could not be established; the names of the other sixteen next:
Title Surname name Patronymic year of birth-date of death
1. Gw.Major Androsyuk Joseph Ivanovich 1916-1945
2. St.L-NT. Michalec Michael G. 1914-1945
3. Gw.Ml.L-NT Chernokon Ivan Adamovich 1919-25.2.1945
4. Corporal Naumovich Semyon Ivanovich 1909-1945
5. Ordinary Rassulov M. 1913-30.1.1945
6. Gw. Lieutenant Shumilov Peter Petrovich 1921-27.1.1945
7. Lieutenant Egorov Nikolay Alekseevich 1907-27.1.1945
8. Sergeant Pristiajnic Alexander Y. 1925-27.1.1945
9. St.Sergeant Andreev Sergey Mitrofanovich 1918-27.1.1945
10. Gw.Sergeant Jacob N. Fofanov 1906-27.1.1945
11. Gw.Sergeant Ivan Spiridonov A. 1926-27.1.1945
12. Gw.Sergeant Frolov Alexey Nikiforovich 1925-27.1.1945
13. Gw.Sergeant Bashkirov Gregory 1925-27.1.1945
14. Gw.Ml.Serge. Cherkashin Ivan Filippovich 1912-27.1.1945
15. Gw.Sergeant Semochkin Ivan 1909-27.1.1945
16. Gw.Sergeant Andryukhin Viktor Alexandrovich 1924-27.1.1945
The fallen comrades were collected, as a rule, from obscure graves, located both in the city and in its surroundings. Many were not buried at all and were in the destroyed and burned-out tanks.
Only on the graves of the guards.major Androsyuk I. I.; St.Lieutenant Mikhailets M. G., GV.ml. Lieutenant Chernokon I. A., corporal S. I. Naumovich and ordinary Rassulov M. were boards with inscriptions. All these boards were Packed and stacked in the attic of the mausoleum.
From the text on the bronze Board, removed from the tombstone on the tomb of GV.major Androsyuk, it is known that he commanded the units that took 27.1.1945 Gor. Sunlance and that he Androsyuk I. I., first out on the river Oder, which is now the Western border of the Polish Republic. Further, - it is known that M. Rassulov comes from the mountains. Tashkent's.
All the dead 27.1.1945 g. - tankers.
Military commandant of the district Sunlance major Scarring
25 September 1945
mountain. Sunlance (Tanka)
Annex to paragraph 2
on the construction and design of the mausoleum, the monument–the tank and the area of the red Army in the city Sunlance.
The mausoleum's construction was started on 26 April 1945 at the initiative of the Military Commandant's office of the district Sunlance. All the building (the mausoleum, the monument–tank, etc.) and the appearance of the square was carried out by the project major Rubtsov, B. K. artwork – original and not a compilation.
The mausoleum was opened on August 15, 1945.
The construction of the mausoleum, the sites, the breakdown and planting of the Park, the construction of the pool with a fountain, the monument–tank, the installation of garden furniture and all other works on the design of the area lasted four and a half months.
During this time it was delivered 2350 cubic meters of black soil, up to 10 thousand cubic meters of land was transferred on the spot, brought up to 250 tons of sand, gravel and gravel, spent more than 175 tons of cement, about 20 thousand pieces of brick, more than 300 cubic meters of wild stone and many other materials.
Sometimes the number of workers reached 600 people on average worked up to 120 people, the labor force consisted of Germans, local residents. All works were carried out exclusively by hand, as there was no mechanization. The draught power reached at the beginning of construction (may), when there were earthworks, 170-180 horses (85-90 carts).
Technical assistance in the construction of the mausoleum was provided by the Polish engineer Stanislav Kazimirovich Pole. He was also a manufacturer of works on the construction of two sites – terraces and the mausoleum itself until the front of the mausoleum was cast.
The main organizer of the labor force and the closest assistant to the Military commandant of the district Sunlance major Rubtsov B. K. during the construction of the mausoleum, the monument–tank and design of the square was the Deputy Military commandant of the district Sunlance on the political part major Kochetov Paul G..
On the construction of the mausoleum on June 23, 1945, employees of the magistrate's poles for the first time in Sunlance was held "Saturday", than provided significant assistance to the construction.
For the monument–the tank was used tank (T–34), shot down on the same square, on 27 January 1945.; during the battle for the conquest of the city Sunlance. The tank was moved from the place where it was shot down to 26 meters and installed on a pedestal. Tank to top of manhole filled with cement than srowen with a pedestal.
On the tank saved his earlier signs and name (Soviet Lviv region), written two slogans and placed the date of the great Patriotic war of the Soviet people against the German invaders (22.6.1941 – 8.5.1945) and the date of the capture of the mountains. Sunlance red Army (27 January 1945).
Under the abandoned German tank crushed the eagle. This eagle is taken from the destroyed German monument in the mountains.Sunlance.
The area on which the mausoleum was built before construction was dirty, paved with round stone, wavy and sharply sloping. It was lined, decorated and landscaped. In the Park was planted up to 8 thousand different trees and bushes, were broken paths, flower beds, garden furniture (34 benches, 10 boxes of garbage), made a box of sand for young children.
The mausoleum is illuminated inside by 5 lamps (three – above and two – below, a total of one thousand candles), and outside-by two lamps (four lamps on each; each lamp is two hundred candles). In addition, the lights have reflectors — two of them illuminate the mausoleum (four candles) and two – a monument–tank (four candles). On the area held water for watering the Park (four processes).
The fountain of the pool gives a jet at full voltage up to 15 meters.
Until August 15, 1945 the square was called "Market square", and since August 15 it was called"red Army Square".
The military commandant of the district Sunlance major Rubtsov
25 September 1945
The monument was demolished in September 2017. The remains of 56 soldiers of the red Army were not reburied. Local authorities said that " they found no graves"
And now think about how people in Russia perceive it. And who for us are those people who desecrate monuments to our relatives.