Furthermore, in the Subcommittee on Aviation Hearing of July 26, 2001, Aldonas stated:"all models of Airbus aircraft appear to have been supported through financial support from European governments. A substantial part of this is from so-called royalty-based 'loans' to defray the costs of developing a new aircraft model. The terms of the 'loans' were such that European government funding may not have had to be paid if the actual level of sales failed to meet projected levels." He added "increasingly, foreign governments are turning to issues such as aircraft worthiness certification and environmental issues in what appears to be a strategy aimed at limiting U.S. aircraft exports". Moreover, "bribery by foreign companies can have important consequences for U.S. competitiveness. Because of the critical role governments play in selecting aircraft suppliers and because of the huge sums of money involved in aircraft purchases, this sector has been especially vulnerable to trade distortions bribery of foreign public officials. Whereas U.S. law has long prohibited U.S. companies from offering bribes, the governments of many foreign aircraft companies allowed bribery and in some cases, even permitted tax deductions for bribe-giving". Separately, Steven Falken of the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative said that the World Trade Organization Agreement "has not been entiely effective" in achieving fair trade. "Specifically, the Aircraft Agreement did not appear to deal effectively with massive government subsidies provided the Airbus consortium.", speaking also about support for the A-380. Falken said the Bush Administration would seek to "update and strengthen" the WTO Aircraft Agreement, adding "Foreign aircraft competitors should face the same market risks as the U.S. industry and should not be insulated from those risks by various government supports." I didn't provide a link to these transcript excepts because they're apparently no longer available-I quoted all of this from a copy I printed out last year.