Oh, I totally forgot to mention the other sides of the NYC triangle...
After speaking to Professor Futterman, a teacher at an aeronautical college near LGA
, he said that LGA
determine their runway orientation in regards to that of JFK
. This is done for obvious reasons--to be sure that the flight paths dont cross and there isnt a disaster over New York City.
Ultimately, though, wind does determine JFK
's active runways, but it is also possible that all three local NYC airports work with each other throughout the day to make sure their decision doesn't adversely effect one of the other two. For example, you could never fly a 15 mile ILS approach to 13 L or R, because it would screw up the whole LGA
situtation, at TEB probably too. Aircraft coming off the LENDY arrival wouldn't get down in time from FL190, so the current VOR approach that is used is the best option.