comes back in the winter, it is only a summer suspension.
I read an article in Aviation Week about LH
's dual-hub system and it does seem to be doing quite well for LH
has no choice but to operate a dual-hub system as FRA
has reached capacity until additional runways can be constructed which will not happen for quite some time.
So the only choice for growth for LH
would be to operate a 2nd hub and it seems to be doing quite well.
As others have mentioned, MUC
has more domestic and more intra-Europe than FRA
does, while FRA
of course has much more intercontinental flights than MUC
. It should be kept in mind that MXP
is a relatively new facility.
I think AZ
experimented with the dual-hub system but they probably realized that for an airline their size that it isn't practical to maintain two hubs.
is a better facility than FCO
and it is better geographically located for connections.
Milan is also the economic and business center of Italy.
This is why over the years, many routes and flights have been transfered from Rome to Milan. I think Alitalia will always maintain a significant number of flights from Rome as it is a large market and tourists want to get there. So it is being transformed more of an O&D destination while Milan primarily relies on connections.
I have heard Alitalia's connections to the Middle East from Milan are quite convenient and cheap.
Also unlike Lufthansa, Alitalia is not facing congestion restrictions and are able to continue to grow in Milan Malpensa, while Lufthansa is unable to do this with its Frankfurt hub.
In the case of British Airways. BA
has no choice but to maintain a dual-hub system with LHR
because of the Bermuda II
restrictions. I have to say that it does create a nightmare for BA
and its passengers.
Transfering from LHR
is time consuming. I've had to do it once. Now thankfully the DEN
flight goes to LHR
, so I no longer have to do this.
has significantly reduced its European destinations and flights and transfered them to LHR
. What BA
is doing however is focusing LGW
as an airport for lower-yielding leisure routes (GB Airways) to various destinations such as Palma de Mallorca and other low-yielding markets.
However, overall their presence in LGW
has shrunken significantly. If ever the Bermuda II
is modified or dropped, BA
will definately want to transfer all its USA destinations in LGW
will become strictly a secondary small hub for leisure destinations in Europe and will primarily cater the leisure market for people living in the UK.
"Generosity is giving more than you can, and pride is taking less than you need." - Khalil Gibran