All airport signage and lighting requirements are set down by the FAA in what are called Advisory Circular's, or AC's for short.
On a typical air carrier runway, and I apologize for not having the AC on me, the beginning of the runway has the threshold markings on it (this is 2 sets of either 4 or 6 stripes-MSY has 6-on each side of the runway). I believe the stripes are 200' long. Each subsequent set of stripes down the runway is located 500' from the previous set (one set every 500'). Touchdown markings are located 1,000' down the runway. Depending on the length and instrumentation of the runway, these type of stripes can be found 3,000' down each end of the runway.
Of course, aside from the touchdown markings themselves, the stripes act as a warning to pilots coming from the other direction as to how much runway is left.
Distance to go markers (usually large white numerals on a black background) are located every 1,000' down the runway.
As for lighting, runway edge lighting is white, then turns red the last 1,000' of runway. Centerline lights are also white, but begin alternating red/white 3,000' from the end of the runway, and go all red 1,000' from the end.
I'll double check all this tomorrow at work.
Tom in NO (at MSY)
"The criminal ineptitude makes you furious"-Bruce Springsteen, after seeing firsthand the damage from Hurricane Katrina