Um - I think we probably need some definition of hub and spoke here.
A number of airlines in other countries were running effective hub and spoke way back when.
is quoted above in the early 70's, but in 1952, my father worked for a BOAC subsidiary, Arab Airways (Jerusalem) Ltd., based in Amman, Jordan.
They ran services from Cairo, Aden, jeddah, Baghdad, Damsacus, Beirut, Aqaba - and Jerusalem. It was, to all intents and purposes, hub and spoke, especially in the case of Jerusalem.
In those days, it was the only way to fly from Jerusalem (east) to other places in the Middle East. Flights were scheduled to leave Jerusalem and arrive in Amman in time to connect with some of the flights to Cairo, Beirut, etc.
It was enormously popular with tourists/pilgrims going to Jerusalem as, in those days, many of the most holy places were on the Jordan side.
There was a competitor airline, Air Jordan, which was part owned by TWA, that was doing much the same thing.