8herveg
Topic Author
Posts: 1103
Joined: Tue Aug 29, 2006 2:01 am

Difference Between Hubs & Focus Cities.

Tue Sep 12, 2006 7:17 am

I apologise in advance if this has been discussed before, but I am new to airliners.net.

Could someone please explain, with examples, the difference between hub cities and focus cities.

Many thanks...
 
DL787932ER
Posts: 575
Joined: Sun Dec 18, 2005 3:27 pm

RE: Difference Between Hubs & Focus Cities.

Tue Sep 12, 2006 8:01 am

In terms of popular usage, hub cities are generally set up for connections, with banks of flights designed to pull people in from many destinations and get them to many other destinations as a way of serving many more city pairs than could ever support nonstop service.

A focus city is more O&D focused; it has more point-to-point routes than most other nonhub destinations, but isn't necessarily meant to connect travelers through that city. They may not be developed into hubs due to poor geographic location, insufficient O&D, or one or more larger hubs too nearby.

ATL, ORD, SFO, DEN, SLC, CVG, IAH, DFW, CLT, CLE, MIA, JFK, PHL, SEA, DTW, MSP, MEM are examples of hubs for at least one carrier. LAX, LGA, MCO, FLL, CMH, IND, BOS are examples of focus cities.
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8herveg
Topic Author
Posts: 1103
Joined: Tue Aug 29, 2006 2:01 am

RE: Difference Between Hubs & Focus Cities.

Tue Sep 12, 2006 8:17 am

Quoting DL787932ER (Reply 1):
ATL, ORD, SFO, DEN, SLC, CVG, IAH, DFW, CLT, CLE, MIA, JFK, PHL, SEA, DTW, MSP, MEM are examples of hubs for at least one carrier. LAX, LGA, MCO, FLL, CMH, IND, BOS are examples of focus cities.

Thanks for the explanation. Arent LAX & BOS hubs though? LAX for American & United, and BOS for American?
 
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knope2001
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Joined: Wed Jun 01, 2005 5:54 am

RE: Difference Between Hubs & Focus Cities.

Tue Sep 12, 2006 9:35 am

Quoting 8herveg (Reply 2):
Thanks for the explanation. Arent LAX & BOS hubs though? LAX for American & United, and BOS for American?

It's a very subjective definition, and different airlines tend to use the word "hub" with different levels of meaning. I'm sure some airlines include true focus cities in their self-defined list of "hubs" because focus city is less well-known term.

Also when you say and airport is your "hub", it implies to people that you dominate the airport, you have the most flights, the most destinatinos, etc. Focus city doesn't give the same impression.
 
Cubsrule
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Joined: Sat May 15, 2004 12:13 pm

RE: Difference Between Hubs & Focus Cities.

Tue Sep 12, 2006 10:34 am

Quoting 8herveg (Reply 2):
LAX for American & United,

UA defines LAX as a hub. In terms of the amount of OO flying there, that's probably fair. Banks were suggested as an appropriate definition for a hub; I would suggest that a better definition would be the existence of short-haul (like maybe shorter than 200 miles) non-O&D flying. After all, ATL has no banks. Is it a focus city? I think not.
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