Airbus A310- A Tribute By Wings
The Airbus A310 is a medium to long-range widebody twin airliner, manufactured by Airbus Industries (Airbus SAS). The A310 was the second model to be introduced by Airbus after the A300, of which 255 frames were delivered.
Launched in July 1978 with orders from both Lufthansa and Swissair. The A310 was referred to as the A300B10 in the early design stage. The A310 is 13 frames shorter than the A300B4, but shares the same 5.64m fuselage diameter.
The aircraft is of mainly high strength aluminium alloy construction with some sections of carbon fibre or glass fibre re-inforced plastic composites.
The wing is structurally similar to that of the A300, but aerodynamically it is a completely new design. It has a higher aspect ratio, but less span and less area. The A310 also featured a smaller vertical fin.
The A310 competed head-on with the Boeing 767. It's major strenght vs the B767 was mainly due to the A310 wider fuselage which allowed for 8 abreast in a typical seating configuration vs the narrower B767 which could only accommodate 7 abreast seating. It's wider fuselage would also play a major role in terms of cargo capabilities. It could carry two industry standard LD3 cargo containers side by side in the underfloor cargo compartment, the same containers used on the DC10/MD11, 747 and the L1011 Tristar.
The assembly of the A310 took place on the same production line as the A300 in Toulouse. The first A310 was the 162nd Airbus off the production line. The A310 made its maiden flight in April 1982 powered by Pratt & Whitney JT9D engines. The A310-200 entered service with Swissair and Lufthansa a year later. The last A310 to role out of the line would be in June 1998, when Uzbequistan Airways too the last example.
COCKPIT AND INTERIOR:
The A310 has an advanced digital flight deck built by EADS France (formerly Aerospatiale Matra) and accommodating the pilot and co-pilot. The flight deck displays include an aircraft monitoring system, flight guidance, navigation and engine, management and monitoring. The flight deck also houses the electronic flight instrument system (EFIS) and a flight data recorder. The aircraft's digital automatic flight control system contains a flight control computer, a thrust control computer and a duplicated augmentation computer. The flight control computer provides autopilot, flight director and speed reference functions.
The Airbus A310 cabin can accommodate 6,7,8 or 9 abreast seating in a double aisle layout. There are four passenger doors at the port and starboard side to the front and rear of the cabin. A typical 2 class seating arrangement accommodates 220 passengers.
* (Airbus A310-200)
220 (Two class configuration)
83,100 kg (80,142 kg ) *
164,000 kg (141,974 kg)*
75,470 litres (55,200 litres)*
9,600 km (6,800 km)*
Cruising speed:[b] Mach 0.80
[b]Maximum speed:[b] Mach 0.83
[b]Ceiling:[b] 12,500 m
2 X PW4156 or 2 X CF6-80C2 (2 x PWJT9D or 2 X CF6-80A3)*
Only one variant of the A310 was built, although it did have several versions.
The standard version is the A310-200. It was available with General Electric CF6-80A3 and Pratt & Whitney JT9D engines.
One A310-200C (Convertible) was built for Dutch charter airline Martinair. This version permitted easy removal of the seat so that cargo can be placed on the main deck. The A310-300 was also offered with convertible option.
The Airbus A310-300 is a long-range version with higher weights and increased fuel capacity. First flown in July 1985, the increased range was provided by additional centre and horizontal stabilizer (trim-tank) fuel tanks. This model also introduced wingtip fences to improve aerodynamic efficiency, a feature that has since been retrofitted to some -200s. It was offered with the PW400 or the GE
CF6-80C2 power plant.
No production freighters of the A310 were produced. Although some cargo carriers have opted to convert some passenger models into freighters. The first A310-200F freighter was delivered to launch customer Federal Express in 1994.
The A310 is currently being offered as a Multi Role Tanker Transport (MRTT).The aircraft are manufactured and modified by EADS/Airbus. The conversion involves the following,
*Installation of two AAR
pods under each wing
*Four additional fuel tanks (extra 28,000 kg)---giving total capacity of almost 78,000 kg.
*Fuel Operator Station (FOS) to control fuel offload, cameras etc, military radios and exterior lighting. For MRTT, a remote surveillance of approaching/refueling process with a night-vision capable video system had to be developed. This system (developed by a small company called VIDAIR) allows operation both with visible light and also near-infrared radiation.
*Reinforced wings and aircraft floor and some minor cockpit modifications.
To this present date the Airbus A310 has experienced six hull loss, with a total of 518 fatalities.
31 July 1992; Thai International A310-300; near Katmandu, Nepal:
The aircraft had a controlled flight into terrain about 22.5 miles (36 km) from the airport after apparently using an incorrect procedure for a missed approach. All 14 crew and 99 passengers were killed.
22 March 1994; Russian International Airways A310; near Novokuznetsk, Russia:
Lost control and crashed after the captain had allowed at least one child to manipulate the flight controls. All 12 crew and 63 passengers were killed
31 March 1995; Tarom Romanian Airlines A310; near Balotesti, Romania:
Aircraft crashed shortly after taking off in a snowstorm. All 10 crew and 50 passengers were killed.
11 December 1998; Thai Airways International A310-200; near Surat Thani, Thailand:
During its third landing attempt, the aircraft crashed just outside the Surat Thani airport. The aircraft was on a domestic flight from Bangkok to Surat Thani. There were 90 fatalities among the 132 passengers and 11 fatalities among the 14 crew members.
30 January 2000; Kenya Airways A310-300; near Abidjan, Ivory Coast:
The aircraft crashed into the Atlantic Ocean shortly after taking off at night for a flight from Abidjan to Lagos, Nigeria. All 11 crew members and 158 of the 168 passengers were killed.
9 July 2006; Sibir Airlines A310-300; Irkutsk, Russia:
The aircraft was on a scheduled flight from Moscow to Irkutsk. Weather at Irkutsk included a low overcast, rain, and thunderstorms in the area. The aircraft landed on the runway, but was unable to stop on the runway. After departing the runway, the aircraft collided with a concrete structure, broke up, and caught fire. Five of the eight crew members, and 119 of the 195 passengers were killed.
-The A310 has the widest cabin for its length of any airplane ever manufactured by Airbus. The A310 is only 8 feet longer than an A321 but much chubbier
-A Rolls-Royce powered A310 was proposed although this version was never built.
-An A310-100 was a proposed short-range version, which was never built.
To this present date 226 A310's are still in active service. Mainly with cargo carriers. Now that passenger service of this plane is reaching the end, I'm confident that many will find a home as freighters.
I hope that everyone has enjoyed this small tribute to the Airbus A310.
Aviation Is A Passion.