I am writing a paper on the history of airliners. How does one divide the evolution of the modern jet airliner into generations? In thinking about it - there seems to have been major advances, every 10-12 years that once in place, changed the design of the airliner forever. And inbetween have been the half-generation planes - not quite making a big enough step to achieve the next milestone.
1st Generation: Turbojet/Turbofan Narrowbodies:
- Comet, Caravelle, DC-8, DC-9, 707, 727, 737, BAC 111, Trident, VC-10, F28, ...
2nd Generation: High-Bypass ratio Widebodies:
- 747, DC-10, L1011, A300
3rd Generation: High-Bypass ratio Narrowbodies, 2-person glass cockpits:
- 757, 767, 737-300/4/5, A310, A300-600, BAe 146
- 747-400, MD-90, MD-95/717, MD-11, F100, 737NG
4th Generation: Fly-By-Wire:
- A320, A330, A340, 777
- A380, A350?, 748
5th Generation: Compositie Barrel Fuselage, all-electric:
- 787, A350?