Five fatal accidents in Cathay's history:
July 16, 1948; PBY-5a Catalina; VR-HDT
The Catalina flying from Macau to Hong Kong, and presumably carrying a cache of gold bullions, was hijacked by a group of gunmen. Shots were fired, and apparently the flight crew were hit. The plane went out of control and crashed into the sea. Twenty-two killed and one survived, ironically one of the hijackers.
Feb. 24, 1949; Douglas DC-3 (C-47); VR-HDG
The DC-3 coming in from Manila made a missed approach, flew into a fog bank, and crashed into a hill on Hong Kong Island. All 23 aboard killed.
July 23, 1954; Douglas DC-4 (C-54); VR-HEU
Flying from BKK to HKG, VR-HEU was in international airspace about 90 miles off Hainan Island when it was shot down by Chinese fighters. Eight of the 18 on-board survived. The Chinese government later apologized, paid compensation, and claimed that their fighters mis-identified the DC-4 as one of the C-54's from the Taiwanese Air Force that spied regularly in that region.
November 5, 1967; Convair CV-880M; VR-HFX
Taking off on runway 13 at Kai Tak for BKK, a nose tire exploded around V1 and the plane veered starboard off the runway and into the waters of the harbor. One fatality out of the 127 on-board.
June 15, 1972; Convair CV-880M; VR-HFZ
The aircraft was destroy by a bomb over Pleiku, South Vietnam while flying BKK-HKG. No survivors from the 81 on-board. A Thai policeman was later charged with planting the bomb in his wife's luggage in an attempt to collect the insurance payout. He was never convicted.