Chile immediately sprang to my mind... most of the airports have a single runway with the terminal off of the single parallel taxiway. Until a couple of years ago, even SCL
had this design. CJC (whose runway is 10-28) is a notable exception.
Another pattern that you frequently see in the States is the pattern where the runways form a U and the terminal sits inside the U. CLT
, CVG SDF
, and MSP
all have this pattern-- and CVG
has added and CLT
is adding a third parallel runway off to the west. IND
will also have this pattern once the new terminal opens.
There's also the PIT
design, where the terminal sits between parallel runways and a crosswind runway sits off in the distance somewhere.