Yesterday early morning when I arrived to Amsterdam from Brussels the weather was quite bad, with a lot of strong wind, heavy rain and turbulence. We flew in a Fokker 70 and it was one of the most "funny" landings I have ever experienced (after accumulating more than 1 million miles so far).
I noticed that flights on Fokker 70's were operating as scheduled, but flights on Boeing 737's were delayed. I did not find information about other aircraft types.
My questions are:
1) Is there a significant difference between airplane types and models regarding the maximum cross wind, wind velocity, and other bad weather conditions that the are authorized to take off and land in?
2) Generally speaking, can bigger / heavier aircraft operate in worse weather than smaller aircraft? Or can smaller aircraft like the F70 operate in worse weather than big planes because they are easier to control and more responsive?
3) Are the bad weather limits something determined by the airlines or by the authorities?