SlamClick
Posts: 9576
Joined: Sun Nov 23, 2003 7:09 am

RE: Adiru?

Fri Feb 13, 2004 2:55 am

ADIRU is the acronym for Air Data - Inertial Reference Unit.

Air data is a small computer that corrects pitot-static information (airspeed, altitude, vertical speed) for high altitude operations. (The progression for aispeed is Indicated - Calibrated - Equivalent - True) Flight at high altitude and high mach numbers requires corrections be made to the information coming from these probes.

Inertial Reference has been discussed elsewhere. It is the system that uses accelerometers and ring-laser gyros to provide flight instrument platform (up and down) and navigation information. The IRU may also include GPS.

Alignment of this unit is necessary on startup because it begins with where it is now (at which gate of what airport) it then finds local vertical and measures the rotation of the earth both as a credibility check for present position and for north-location for the compass portion of the unit.

From there, we load a flight plan into the Flight Management Computer and the IRU actually measures our movement along (or away from) that flight plan. The "reference" means that it also tunes VOR navaids and measures distance from those stations as a cross-check of present position provided by the inertial part of the unit.

AD and IRU are combined because they have overlap functions. For example if the IRU portion knows how fast we are moving across the surface of the earth(GS), and in what direction, and the AD unit knows what our True Airspeed (TAS) is, the difference between heading and course made good, and the difference between TAS and GS is the wind at our altitude.

This wind is displayed for us, even though the autopilot will track the required course regardless of wind.




Happiness is not seeing another trite Ste. Maarten photo all week long.
 
wingscrubber
Posts: 806
Joined: Fri Sep 07, 2001 1:38 am

RE: Adiru?

Fri Feb 13, 2004 3:00 am

Thanks...abbreviations always confuse me on airliners.net, it's easy to get lost. Cheers for clearing that up.

-Pete
Resident TechOps Troll
 
SlamClick
Posts: 9576
Joined: Sun Nov 23, 2003 7:09 am

RE: Adiru?

Fri Feb 13, 2004 5:58 am

Wingscrubber

Just looked at the picture you linked in your question. Should mention, I guess, that ADIRU is BoeingSpeak. Airbus uses different terminology for pretty much the same kind of things.

You can tell in the picture that the ADIRU is not aligned by the absence of a horizon in the Primary Flight Display (even though one shows in the standby horizon) and the absence of a map display and compass rose on the navigation displays.

Happiness is not seeing another trite Ste. Maarten photo all week long.
 
buckfifty
Posts: 1278
Joined: Tue Oct 16, 2001 4:05 pm

RE: Adiru?

Fri Feb 13, 2004 6:28 am

It's also called an ADIRU in Airbus speak. Three per aircraft.
 
avioniker
Posts: 1099
Joined: Tue Jan 01, 2002 5:38 am

RE: Adiru?

Sat Feb 14, 2004 8:12 am

ADIRU is Honeywell speak and has become a standard term for any integrated ADC/IRS unit.
One may educate the ignorance from the unknowing but stupid is forever. Boswell; ca: 1533

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