Centrifugal compressors are certinally nothing new to large piston engine as well.
of the older large radial piston engines used centrifugal design superchargers (not turbochargers) to enhance power.
The fuel was routed from the pressure carbueretor to the center of the supercharger, where it was mixed with air and pressurized in the intake manifold, and delivered to cylinders.
With some engines, 59+ inches of manifold pressure was achieved for takeoff.
Many of these same engines had two speed superchargers.
At approximately 12,000msl, the superchargers (blowers) were shifted, thru a conical clutch arrangement, to a different gear drive ratio, in order to spin faster...for enhanced high altitude ops.
A very few large piston engines used both superchargers AND
One was the Pratt&Whitney R4360, and could be successfully operated up to 40,000 feet.
These particular engines were fitted to the Boeing Stratocruiser.