troubleshooter
Posts: 420
Joined: Mon Feb 07, 2005 5:22 am

Fan Blade Tip Curl

Mon Mar 06, 2006 3:59 pm

Recently I came across two events of fan blade tip curl on a CFM56-3 engine. In both cases the defect was found on the leading edge corner and the blade tip was bent forward (against the airflow direction). No other damage in the intake or exhaust area to find.

How can this happen? I would suggest a FOD but there were no signs of such an occurence.
This job sucks!!! I love this job!!!
 
VC-10
Posts: 3546
Joined: Tue Oct 26, 1999 11:34 am

RE: Fan Blade Tip Curl

Mon Mar 06, 2006 5:14 pm

Using reverse thrust below min speed, around 60kts, can cause this
 
Molykote
Posts: 1237
Joined: Tue Aug 23, 2005 8:21 pm

RE: Fan Blade Tip Curl

Mon Mar 06, 2006 5:22 pm

In short (lacking visual aids)....

1 - The blade is angled forward
2 - The blade is rotating at a high speed

I've seen 5 sequential blades angled forward following a bird ingestion and aborted takeoff.

Two major velocity components exist under these circumstances.
- Aircraft forward motion
- The blade leading edge cutting across the aircraft's forward direction of motion

Under the takeoff circumstances I observed, the forward velocity component was a fraction of the fan blade leading edge speed at full takeoff power. When FOD hits, the blade is likely to deform in the same orientation at which is already inclined.
Speedtape - The aspirin of aviation!
 
kaddyuk
Posts: 3697
Joined: Thu Nov 08, 2001 1:04 am

RE: Fan Blade Tip Curl

Mon Mar 06, 2006 9:23 pm

When this happens, the blade is ground down to the root of the curve. Sometimes you can see fan blades with part of the tip missing...
Whoever said "laughter is the best medicine" never had Gonorrhea
 
RichardPrice
Posts: 4474
Joined: Sat Apr 23, 2005 5:12 am

RE: Fan Blade Tip Curl

Mon Mar 06, 2006 9:30 pm

Quoting Kaddyuk (Reply 3):
When this happens, the blade is ground down to the root of the curve. Sometimes you can see fan blades with part of the tip missing...

Doesnt that create balancing issues?
 
fr8mech
Posts: 6672
Joined: Mon Sep 26, 2005 9:00 am

RE: Fan Blade Tip Curl

Mon Mar 06, 2006 10:24 pm

Quoting RichardPrice (Reply 4):
Doesnt that create balancing issues?

It may. There are limits to the amount of blade that we can remove. At some point the blade has to come off, or the rotor balanced. Changing the blade is easier, but performing a field balance on the rotor is cheaper (in some cases).
When seconds count...the police are minutes away.
 
aogdesk
Posts: 748
Joined: Wed Jun 09, 2004 2:26 am

RE: Fan Blade Tip Curl

Mon Mar 06, 2006 10:34 pm

On the PW4000, I've seen opposite fan blades curled (2 per engine) at the tips, about a half inch radius. Was odd because the blades had already been changed within a few flight legs of my spotting it, and the opposite engine had the same condition. No FOD ingestion damage either.
 
MD11Engineer
Posts: 13916
Joined: Sun Oct 26, 2003 5:25 am

RE: Fan Blade Tip Curl

Tue Mar 07, 2006 12:27 am

Quoting Fr8mech (Reply 5):
Quoting RichardPrice (Reply 4):
Doesnt that create balancing issues?

It may. There are limits to the amount of blade that we can remove. At some point the blade has to come off, or the rotor balanced. Changing the blade is easier, but performing a field balance on the rotor is cheaper (in some cases).

The limits are quite big though. On the PW 2040 you can almost remove an inch from the forward corner of the fan blade tip (done it after fod damage)

Jan
Je Suis Charlie et je suis Ahmet aussi
 
Dougloid
Posts: 7248
Joined: Tue Jul 05, 2005 2:44 am

RE: Fan Blade Tip Curl

Tue Mar 07, 2006 12:33 am

Bird strike.

It was common to remove the corner of a fan blade on TFE 731 engines, as far as balance was concerned you could just remove the same amount of material on the opposite blade.
If you believe in coincidence, you haven't looked close enough-Joe Leaphorn
 
troubleshooter
Posts: 420
Joined: Mon Feb 07, 2005 5:22 am

RE: Fan Blade Tip Curl

Wed Mar 08, 2006 2:30 pm

Thanks for your inputs mates.

Quoting VC-10 (Reply 1):
Using reverse thrust below min speed, around 60kts, can cause this

Can you explain this more detailed, please?
This job sucks!!! I love this job!!!
 
User avatar
Starlionblue
Posts: 17117
Joined: Fri Feb 27, 2004 9:54 pm

RE: Fan Blade Tip Curl

Wed Mar 08, 2006 11:12 pm

Quoting Troubleshooter (Reply 9):
Thanks for your inputs mates.

Quoting VC-10 (Reply 1):
Using reverse thrust below min speed, around 60kts, can cause this

Can you explain this more detailed, please?

The high thrust settings required for reverse coupled with low intake speed can result in the pressure behind the fan being higher than in front of it. If this is violent enough, the pressure can bend the blades forward.
"There are no stupid questions, but there are a lot of inquisitive idiots." - John Ringo
 
Buzz
Posts: 694
Joined: Sun Nov 21, 1999 11:44 pm

RE: Fan Blade Tip Curl

Mon Mar 13, 2006 9:12 pm

Hi Troubleshooter, Buzz here. I'll have to politely disagree with some of the replies on how to get -fan- blades to tip curl. It would seem that more than a few blades would curl, or you're have a compressor stall problem... or blow some FOD forward and the fan eats it.
It could happen in the high pressure compressor due to compressor stall... but I haven't borescoped any engines for a compressor stall in the last few years.
I haven't heard of reverse thrust causing that curl. Maybe I work with the right kind of flying machines where that isn't a problem.
But I have seen that kind of tip curl from what I suspect was snow / ice ingestion, often happening to 737's coming out of DEN. Sometimes it tears up a blade (the normal FOD damage), sometimes it simply bends a couple fan blades. A blue heron bird strike on takeoff also bent some blades and went down the core... bird pate' (pardon my spelling) coming out the bleed vents. It looked like somebody tried to stuff a football between the blades. But the blades weren't torn. It was an engine change anyway.

Ever seen a piston engine propellor that had a prop tip strike something hard (like a runway) while at power? The tip digs into the asphalt and since asphalt is more dense than air the prop tip pulls forward. I'm thinking when a CFM engine eats a snowball the blade tips bend forward.
The prop tip bends aft when the engine is at idle, or stopped.

g'nite
 
Dougloid
Posts: 7248
Joined: Tue Jul 05, 2005 2:44 am

RE: Fan Blade Tip Curl

Mon Mar 13, 2006 11:47 pm

Quoting Buzz (Reply 11):
Hi Troubleshooter, Buzz here. I'll have to politely disagree with some of the replies on how to get -fan- blades to tip curl. It would seem that more than a few blades would curl, or you're have a compressor stall problem... or blow some FOD forward and the fan eats it.
It could happen in the high pressure compressor due to compressor stall... but I haven't borescoped any engines for a compressor stall in the last few years.
I haven't heard of reverse thrust causing that curl. Maybe I work with the right kind of flying machines where that isn't a problem.
But I have seen that kind of tip curl from what I suspect was snow / ice ingestion, often happening to 737's coming out of DEN. Sometimes it tears up a blade (the normal FOD damage), sometimes it simply bends a couple fan blades. A blue heron bird strike on takeoff also bent some blades and went down the core... bird pate' (pardon my spelling) coming out the bleed vents. It looked like somebody tried to stuff a football between the blades. But the blades weren't torn. It was an engine change anyway.

Ever seen a piston engine propellor that had a prop tip strike something hard (like a runway) while at power? The tip digs into the asphalt and since asphalt is more dense than air the prop tip pulls forward. I'm thinking when a CFM engine eats a snowball the blade tips bend forward.
The prop tip bends aft when the engine is at idle, or stopped.

g'nite

Hey, Buzz. Bird strike disassembly sure stinks. If it's a small bird that gets ingested what you see is an abrupt egt rise because the bird pate as you artfully describe it (thin nasty grainy yellow coating studded with feather fragments) destroys the supercritical airfoil of the internal parts and thus a lot of the efficiency. On Garrett turboprops it was about a fifty degree instantaneous rise.

With the Garretts, the compressor being a 2 stage centrifugal would in most cases do the Waring blender thing quite well. A disassembly and a session at the Diversey 909 hot sink were just the ticket-it washes off easily, except for the second stage transition duct which we'd change out. I remember one that took a seagull and actually bent one blade on the first stage compressor impeller-that one whistled when it was running. Those boys at Garrett took that compressor impeller ( a one piece titanium forging) and cut the blade back and welded new material on. Couldn't tell they'd ever repaired it.

Now...big birds are different, and thank heaven for high bypass fans that most often shuck the bird past the compressor intake. I knew a guy who worked for Flying Tigers in Los Angeles and they took a lotta seagulls there. When the shop would get a bird strike motor in for disassembly, all the smart mechanics would migrate to the rear of the engine or find something else to do.
If you believe in coincidence, you haven't looked close enough-Joe Leaphorn
 
MX757
Posts: 495
Joined: Wed Aug 17, 2005 5:38 pm

RE: Fan Blade Tip Curl

Tue Mar 14, 2006 12:59 am

Quoting Starlionblue (Reply 10):
The high thrust settings required for reverse coupled with low intake speed can result in the pressure behind the fan being higher than in front of it. If this is violent enough, the pressure can bend the blades forward.



Quoting Buzz (Reply 11):
I haven't heard of reverse thrust causing that curl.

I agree, CO's AMT 737 run-up and taxi guide lines allow us to use T/R's to help slow the A/C down whenever necessary. From 40 knots on down.

Quoting Buzz (Reply 11):
But I have seen that kind of tip curl from what I suspect was snow / ice ingestion, often happening to 737's coming out of DEN. Sometimes it tears up a blade (the normal FOD damage), sometimes it simply bends a couple fan blades.

I've seen the same thing on our a/c coming out of EWR.
Is it broke...? Yeah I'll fix it.

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: Bing [Bot], stackelberg and 12 guests