I'll build on the foundation laid by EssentialPowr.
The Navy solicited proposals for an ASW aircraft. Vought designed the S-3 Viking, which ultimately became the first application of the TF34. The S-3 had specific thrust requirements at takeoff, climb, loiter, approach, etc. The TF34 had to meet these requirements, along with fuel consumption to meet aircraft range requirements. GE
determined what bypass ratio best met these requirements. This dictated the size of the fan and core.
The core of the TF34 is smaller than that of the low bypass turbofans you mentioned. The TF30, F100, and F110 all have multi-stage fans delivering higher fan exit pressure, and variable nozzles, allowing them to optimally expand that greater pressure. You simply can't expect low and high bypass ratio machines of similar fan diameter to deliver same thrust.
As they say, you're comparing apples to oranges.