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Indicated Airspeed + Winds Question

Mon Jan 15, 2007 12:00 pm

If you are flying into a 25KT headwind, and then turn 180 degrees, your GS increased by 50 kts, but your Indicated (IAS) airspeed stays the same.

At first thought, I'd think it would decrease.

But, since the correct answer is that it stays the same, is this because the increase in true airspeed from the tailwind compensates for the loss of the headwind?
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Joined: Thu Apr 27, 2006 11:12 pm

RE: Indicated Airspeed + Winds Question

Mon Jan 15, 2007 12:18 pm

The reason the indicated speed stays the same is that the air mass is moving and you are moving along inside it. Its easier for many people to visualize a boat on a river.

If the boat is moving through the water at 10 knots, it doesn't matter to the boat whether its going upstream, downstream, or across the river. It is moving through the water at 10 knots. Now if the water is also moving at 5 knots, then the boat is effectively moving 5 knots upstream and 15 knots downstream COMPARED TO THE STATIONARY LAND. To the boat it will still be 10 knots.

Same thing for airplanes. The speed of the plane through the air stays the same, regardless of the wind. But compared to the ground, it will be moving faster or slower due to the entire air mass moving. Much the same was as you are really going thousands of miles an hour right now - around the sun that is.

And be careful with your terms... "True airspeed" or TAS is indicated airspeed adjusted for altitude and temperature. "Indicated airspeed" or IAS is what the instrument reads.
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