Range? We all keep hearing about it, using it, but how is it defined? Granted, you take factors like wind, aircraft weight/load into account etc. but it doesn't always add up.
Take the Airbus A330-200 for example. On paper it has range of 12,500 km/6749nm which means it could operate BOM-SEA nonstop; however I don't see anyone operating US West Coast-India with an A332:
Distance of BOM-SEA is 12,481 km
It's a close call, but the A330 doesn't operate routes nearly as long. When an airline like Turkish Airlines operates the A330-200 to ORD (12 hour flight) which is 8836 km, it is apparently restricted and a stretch for the airliner's capabilities. Is that distance a good 4,000km off the maximum range? Even when taking wind, weight, takeoff altitude etc, it shouldn't be that close to 12,500km.
It's all a big confusing-anyone care to discuss?