Some airports will have painted markings or surface lights to designate taxiway holding positions, for use when you're instructed to hold short of a taxiway X while you're on taxiway Y. The painted marking is a single dashed line running perpendicular to the solid centerline, and the surface lights consist of 3 amber lights, one on the centerline, and two to either side of it.
The exact placement of the markings and lights is determined by the design group for the airport, which is in turn determined by the design aircraft of the airport. The design aircraft is the largest aircraft type expected to be used at the specific airport (specifically, the largest aircraft that has least 500 annual operations), and basically all dimensions, such as the location of hold bars, the widths of taxiways, the dimensions of safety areas, and a million other little things are all based around that design aircraft.
See page 11 here
, under the heading "INTERMEDIATE HOLDING POSITION MARKINGS FOR
Look at the top of page 12 for a table that shows you exactly what distances are required. If the airport in question is a design group IV
, for example, the holding position markings will be 129.5 from the centerline of the intersecting runway.
for a graphical example, It's on the last page, bottom right figure.