I was curious as the arrangement that different airlines have with regard to additional tech crew for longer sectors.
I believe at QR and EK they have two sets of tech crew, two Captains, two First officers.
QF I believe has a Captain, one or two First officers and one or two Second officers for a total of four.
VA has a Captain, a First officer and two ‘Cruise First Officers’.
What do other airlines generally do? Why is the difference between a FO and Cruise FO and a Second officer, what other titles do they have?
Cheers for ay thoughts.