surajit001
Topic Author
Posts: 7
Joined: Wed Dec 19, 2012 1:09 pm

Inlet Flow Distortion And Inlet Vortex

Fri Dec 21, 2012 7:47 pm

I really want to know the concept of inlet flow distortion. Please can anyone explain me the concept in a simple way? Also, how is inlet vortex formed?
 
jetlife2
Posts: 184
Joined: Sun Jul 09, 2006 11:32 am

RE: Inlet Flow Distortion And Inlet Vortex

Fri Dec 21, 2012 8:10 pm

Imagine a stream of water in a channel flowing uniformly. This is undistorted flow. Now imagine the stream stops and starts. Now imagine also a block placed at the edge of the stream. Now the flow behind the block contains eddies, and swirls and is not constant with time.

The stopping and starting is wind gust variation. The block at the side creates an effect like the edge of the inlet, when the wind approaches from the side. The front of the engine sees eddies, swirls (turbulence) and non-constant (unsteady) flow.

Engines are tested to demonstrate resistance to this. And they are often tested with a screen to eliminate this distortion, when it is specifically important to have uniform inlet conditions. See here at 1:20

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tT5EZ5itYH4

The most common type of inlet vortex is formed when the inlet is near enough to the ground that the inlet flow coupled with a crosswind shear flow forms a vortex. There must be shearing (cross flow) to initiate a vortex. Just like a tornado is formed by shear flow. See here

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_5vjq38CAj0
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